Classical tech & innovations

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Classical tech & innovations

  1. 1. What are these? To which civilization does it belong?
  2. 2. What is this? To which civilization does it belong?
  3. 3. What is this? To which civilization does it belong?
  4. 4. Indian Numerals (Arabic numerals)
  5. 5. Chinese water mill-grind grain/making of cast iron
  6. 6. Roman aqueduct
  7. 7. Classical Civilizations Scientific Advancements and Technological Innovations
  8. 8. Science and Technology in India, China, and the Mediterranean <ul><li>Education </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Gupta leaders set up a university system </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Han leaders set up schools for scholar officials </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Greece and Egypt remained centers for learning. </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. Advancements in Engineering <ul><li>CHINA </li></ul><ul><li>Roads, canals, the Great Wall </li></ul><ul><li>INDIA </li></ul><ul><li>Roads </li></ul><ul><li>Mediterranean </li></ul><ul><li>Roads, aqueducts, monumental structures, water and sewer systems </li></ul>
  10. 10. <ul><li>Grand Canal </li></ul><ul><li>Roman Roads </li></ul>
  11. 11. <ul><li>Great Wall </li></ul><ul><li>Roman Aqueduct </li></ul><ul><li>Roman Baths </li></ul>
  12. 12. Mediterranean Colossal Structures <ul><li>Greek Parthenon </li></ul><ul><li>Roman Pantheon </li></ul>
  13. 13. Science and Technology in Both India and China – but not Mediterranean <ul><li>Advanced metallurgy </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Steel in India, Iron in China </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Advanced textile manufacturing </li></ul><ul><ul><li>cotton in India, Silk in China </li></ul></ul>
  14. 14. Science and Technology in China – Practical Applications <ul><li>Agricultural technology* </li></ul><ul><li>Plows and new collar </li></ul><ul><li>Water mills </li></ul><ul><li>Wheelbarrow </li></ul><ul><li>Paper manufacture </li></ul>
  15. 15. The Science and Technology in India - Theoretical <ul><li>Gupta India </li></ul><ul><li>*Number System </li></ul><ul><li>Concept of Zero </li></ul><ul><li>Decimal system </li></ul><ul><li>Medicine </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Surgery </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Inoculations </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Astronomy </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Round Earth </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Solar Year </li></ul></ul>
  16. 16. Science and Technology in the Mediterranean – “ relatively few new scientific findings ” <ul><li>Classical Greece </li></ul><ul><li>Theoretical </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Astronomy? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Geometry & Physics </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Philosophical </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Socrates, Plato, Aristotle </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Classical Rome </li></ul><ul><li>Preserved Hellenistic (Greek) learning in texts </li></ul><ul><li>Practical </li></ul><ul><li>Limited technology because of slave labor! </li></ul><ul><li>Engineering! </li></ul>

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