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CCOT and
COMPARATIVE
BIG IDEAS
and
Vocab
CONTINUITY in politics and social
classes
 From the earliest civilizations to the
present, leaders and governments had
co...
CHANGE in politics in the WEST and later in
Asia and Africa in the 19th centuries
 The RISE OF SECULAR GOVERNMENTS
 Reli...
CONTINUITIES in POLITICS and
SOCIAL CLASSES
The military had an important role in the
government and politics of regions a...
CONTINUITIES in POLITICS
From the earliest civilizations to the
present, the military has had an
important role in the gov...
ECONOMIC CHANGES
 2000s bce Neolithic Revolution
(agriculture) leads to permanent
settlements
 200s bce - 400s ce Classi...
ECONOMIC CHANGES
 700s – 1000s ce Islamic Empire
 1450 – 1750 ce Ottoman,
Safavid, and Mughal Empires
 Islamic Empire(s...
ECONOMIC CHANGES
 1450 – 1750s ce European
Expansion
 Americas, Africa, Asia, Atlantic and
Indian Ocean connections
(Col...
ECONOMIC CHANGES
 Late 1700s to 1900 Industrial
Revolution first in Europe, then
US, then Russia and Japan
 Manufacturin...
ECONOMIC CHANGES
 19th century Imperialism and
Colonialism
 World trade increases as Europeans
and US take control of ma...
ECONOMIC CHANGES
 1900s Consumerism
 Emphasis on consumer goods in the
economy began in the West.
Continuities according to 3rd period
 “Luxury” goods tended to be a main part of trade – early
civs to present
 Gold, sp...
Economic Continuities according to 5th
period
 “Luxury” goods tended to be a main part
of trade – early civs to present
...
Economic Continuities according to 6th
period
 Luxury goods important part of regional or
world trade
 Spice, ivory, sil...
SOME AP VOCAB
 Demographics – make-up of human
populations (ethnic, religious, regional)
 The demographics of the wester...
SOME AP VOCAB
 Labor systems – how people work, work
patterns
 Coercive labor system – forced labor like
slavery or inde...
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CCOT Ideas and Big Pic Review

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CCOT Ideas and Big Pic Review

  1. 1. CCOT and COMPARATIVE BIG IDEAS and Vocab
  2. 2. CONTINUITY in politics and social classes  From the earliest civilizations to the present, leaders and governments had connections or were directly tied to religion.  Religious leaders were in the elite classes.  Egyptian pharaoh, Mandate of Heaven, Caliph, Akbar made his own religion, Divine Right
  3. 3. CHANGE in politics in the WEST and later in Asia and Africa in the 19th centuries  The RISE OF SECULAR GOVERNMENTS  Religion began to separate from politics.  Government’s power was not based on religious ideology.  Enlightenment  American and French revolutions  Post-WWs disillusion  Communist Revolutions in Russia and China
  4. 4. CONTINUITIES in POLITICS and SOCIAL CLASSES The military had an important role in the government and politics of regions and empires. Warriors/military leaders have often been in the elite classes. Some evidence  Classical Civs were all based on expansion and then dominance through military might or alliances (1st centuries bce to 3rd centuries ce).  Islamic Empire expanded through military conquest. (8th centuries to 11th century).  Mongol armies built the largest land empire in the world (13th century).  Ottoman, Safavid, and Mughal Empires and Aztec & Inca. (13th to 17th centuries)  The America, French, Haitian (18th), Latin American (19th), and Russian Revolutions (20th) were military based.  Ashoka, Muhammad, Knights, Samurai, Aztec warriors, Chinggis Khan, George Washington, Mao
  5. 5. CONTINUITIES in POLITICS From the earliest civilizations to the present, the military has had an important role in the government and politics of regions and empires. HOWEVER,  Chinese scholar gentry had power over the military in times of stability and were in an equivalent social class.
  6. 6. ECONOMIC CHANGES  2000s bce Neolithic Revolution (agriculture) leads to permanent settlements  200s bce - 400s ce Classical Trade  Classical period saw more trade as classical empires in Mediterranean, India, and China helped foster trade
  7. 7. ECONOMIC CHANGES  700s – 1000s ce Islamic Empire  1450 – 1750 ce Ottoman, Safavid, and Mughal Empires  Islamic Empire(s) connect Asia, Africa, Indian Ocean and the Mediterranean – trade increases (pilgrimage)
  8. 8. ECONOMIC CHANGES  1450 – 1750s ce European Expansion  Americas, Africa, Asia, Atlantic and Indian Ocean connections (Columbian Exchange, slave trade)  Europeans begin to dominate trade networks.  More “world” in world trade
  9. 9. ECONOMIC CHANGES  Late 1700s to 1900 Industrial Revolution first in Europe, then US, then Russia and Japan  Manufacturing and commerce became the base of many economies. Political, social, and gender results. The WEST continued to dominate.
  10. 10. ECONOMIC CHANGES  19th century Imperialism and Colonialism  World trade increases as Europeans and US take control of many parts of Africa and Asia.
  11. 11. ECONOMIC CHANGES  1900s Consumerism  Emphasis on consumer goods in the economy began in the West.
  12. 12. Continuities according to 3rd period  “Luxury” goods tended to be a main part of trade – early civs to present  Gold, spices, silk, porcelain  China – exported more than imported (until the 1700s)  Ag is the base of most economies  Competition improves quality  European weapons  US intervention in 1900s  Trade benefits the upper class (or merchant)  Dependency on the west . . (after 1800s)  Capitalism after industrial rev  China (1800s) & Japan’s (up to 1800s) chosen isolation
  13. 13. Economic Continuities according to 5th period  “Luxury” goods tended to be a main part of trade – early civs to present  Gold, spices, silk, porcelain  Ag is base of economy  Gov involved or controlled trade.  Economy is improved through expansion  Division of labor = social classes.  Economic & trade centers near water routes.  Until 19th c – importance slave labor
  14. 14. Economic Continuities according to 6th period  Luxury goods important part of regional or world trade  Spice, ivory, silk, precious metals, coffee?  Ag based economies  Economy expanded through colonizing or conquest  Specialization of labor  Religion and trade  Government supported control
  15. 15. SOME AP VOCAB  Demographics – make-up of human populations (ethnic, religious, regional)  The demographics of the western hemisphere changed after European arrival. The native population declined and the European population increased. Also, new classes of mixed ancestry began.  Political structure or system – how the government is set up  Social hierarchy – social class (the caste system was in India)
  16. 16. SOME AP VOCAB  Labor systems – how people work, work patterns  Coercive labor system – forced labor like slavery or indentured servitude.  Elite – upper class  Gender systems – roles of men and women

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