Ccot from first civs to classical civs

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Ccot from first civs to classical civs

  1. 1. Similarities in the 4 Early Civs<br />Tigris-Euphrates = Sumerian, Mesopotamian<br />Egyptian<br />Indus Valley<br />China = Shang dynasty<br />
  2. 2. Similarities in the 4 Early Civs<br />Government – <br />government and religions were connected<br />Empire – central government controlled, often through force, several groups or societies and their territories<br />Dynastic cycle in Egypt and China<br />
  3. 3. Similarities in the 4 Early Civs<br />Economics<br />Agricultural goods were the basis of the economy.<br />Government regulation of trade.<br />People paid taxes in labor or products.<br />
  4. 4. Similarities in the 4 Early Civs<br />Religion – <br />Polytheism<br />Based on forms of sacrifice and rituals<br />Social classes – <br />Small group of people in upper class, large numbers in lower classes.<br />Warriors and priests were the top class – government workers and merchants sometimes formed a small “middle class”<br />
  5. 5. Similarities in the 4 Early Civs<br />By 1000 bce, the four civilizations were in decline.<br />
  6. 6. What Changed and What Didn’t?<br />After the First Civilizations…<br />
  7. 7. Classical India<br />
  8. 8. China under the Han Dynasty<br />
  9. 9. Greek City-States<br />
  10. 10. Roman Empire<br />
  11. 11.
  12. 12. Monarchs continued to rule most of the new civilizations<br />Men continued to dominate women<br />A sharp divide between the elite and everyone else persisted almost everywhere<br />The practice of slavery<br />No fundamental or revolutionary transformation of social or economic life took place (until the Industrial Revolution)<br />What Stayed the Same?<br />
  13. 13. Population grew more rapidly<br />The growing size of the states or empires that structured civilizations (much larger than the city-states of Mesopotamia or Egypt under the pharaohs)<br />New philosophical/religious traditions (Confucianism, Daoism, Hinduism, Buddhism, Judaism, Zoroastrianism, and Christianity)<br />What Changed?<br />
  14. 14. Technological innovations to help humans manipulate the environment (China-bellows, loom, silk making, wheelbarrow, harness, crossbow, iron casting; India-sugar, cotton; Rome-aqueducts, roads)<br />Emergence of more elaborate, widespread, and dense networks of exchange and communication (Indian Ocean, Silk Road)<br />Long-distance trade<br />What Changed?<br />
  15. 15. Many countries, regions, and civilizations still link their identities to the achievements of the Classical Era!<br />Persia, Greece, Rome, Qin/Han China, Mauryan/Gupta India<br />The Classical Civilizations (600 B.C.E to 600 C.E.)<br />
  16. 16. Focus for AP WORLD History<br />Major political developments<br />Social and gender structures<br />Major trading patterns within the civilizations and between the civilizations<br />Arts, sciences, and technology<br />Development of traditions and institutions<br />

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