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Brief intro to classical civs


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Brief intro to classical civs

  1. 1. Similarities in the 4 Early Civs <ul><li>Tigris-Euphrates = Sumerian, Mesopotamian </li></ul><ul><li>Egyptian </li></ul><ul><li>Indus Valley </li></ul><ul><li>China = Shang dynasty </li></ul>
  2. 2. Similarities in the 4 Early Civs <ul><li>Government – </li></ul><ul><li>government and religions were connected </li></ul><ul><li>Empire – central government controlled, often through force, several groups or societies and their territories </li></ul><ul><li>Dynastic cycle in Egypt and China </li></ul>
  3. 3. Similarities in the 4 Early Civs <ul><li>Economics </li></ul><ul><li>Agricultural goods were the basis of the economy. </li></ul><ul><li>Government regulation of trade. </li></ul><ul><li>People paid taxes in labor or products. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Similarities in the 4 Early Civs <ul><li>Religion – </li></ul><ul><li>Polytheism </li></ul><ul><li>Based on forms of sacrifice and rituals </li></ul><ul><li>Social classes – </li></ul><ul><li>Small group of people in upper class, large numbers in lower classes. </li></ul><ul><li>Warriors and priests were the top class – government workers and merchants sometimes formed a small “middle class” </li></ul>
  5. 5. Similarities in the 4 Early Civs <ul><li>By 1000 bce, the four civilizations were in decline. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Classical Civilizations of China, India, & the Mediterranean About 1000 BCE to about 500 CE
  7. 7. Classical India
  8. 8. China under the Han Dynasty
  9. 9. Greek City-States
  10. 10. Roman Empire
  11. 12. Remember that the classical civilizations . . . <ul><li>built on achievements of earlier societies and civs. </li></ul><ul><li>China – many of the characteristics and institutions of the Shang period continued into the classical period. (Chinese culture continued!) </li></ul>
  12. 13. <ul><li>Mesopotamia, Egypt, and Indus Valley had some influence on elements of later civilizations. </li></ul><ul><li>However, there was much less of a direct influence on the later civilizations of Eurasia. </li></ul><ul><li>So, classical civs were not simple continuations of earlier civilizations. </li></ul>
  13. 14. Classical Civilizations <ul><li>Were characterized by expansion and integration </li></ul>
  14. 15. EXPANSION (how they spread) <ul><li>Military Conquest </li></ul><ul><li>Population growth </li></ul><ul><li>Migration and cultural diffusion </li></ul>
  15. 16. INTEGRATION (how they brought people “together”) <ul><li>The governments and their bureaucracies reached out to rule and administer territories. </li></ul><ul><li>Internal trade systems. </li></ul><ul><li>Culture (beliefs, religions, ethics) drew people together. </li></ul>
  16. 17. INTERACTION between the Classical Civilizations? <ul><li>There were connections by long-distance trade. </li></ul><ul><li>There was some cultural interaction between the Mediterranean and India. </li></ul><ul><li>But developments within each civilization, more than contacts between, marked this period of history. </li></ul>
  17. 18. Focus for AP WORLD History <ul><li>Major political developments </li></ul><ul><li>Social and gender structures </li></ul><ul><li>Major trading patterns within the civilizations and between the civilizations </li></ul><ul><li>Arts, sciences, and technology </li></ul><ul><li>Development of traditions and institutions </li></ul>