6.5 rome and the roots of western civilization

509 views

Published on

Published in: Technology, Travel
0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total views
509
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
1
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
7
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

6.5 rome and the roots of western civilization

  1. 1. Rome and the Roots of Western Civilization<br />
  2. 2. Objectives<br /><ul><li>Know and understand the contributions Rome made to Western culture.
  3. 3. Artistic
  4. 4. Legal
  5. 5. Architectural
  6. 6. Language
  7. 7. Technology/engineering</li></li></ul><li>Classical civilization<br /><ul><li>Greco-Roman culture or the mix of Greek, Hellenistic, and Roman influences.
  8. 8. Bear in mind that the Roman Empire spanned a wide expanse of territory and incorporated a number of cultures. Just as Roman culture influences them, they influence Rome and a whole new mix comes out.</li></li></ul><li>Fine arts<br /><ul><li>Greek sculpture emphasized the ideal human form. Roman sculpture presented more realistic representations of people. The Romans were practically-minded, after all.</li></li></ul><li>From this…<br />to this.<br />
  9. 9. <ul><li>Bas-relief
  10. 10. Type of sculpture with figures that project from a flat background. Often used to tell stories.</li></ul>Bas-relief of a play<br />Trajan’s Column<br />
  11. 11. Notice how the bas-relief spirals around the column all the way to the top.<br /><ul><li>Can see close up pictures here, here, or here.</li></li></ul><li>
  12. 12. <ul><li>Mosaics
  13. 13. Very intricate and made by many small tiles.</li></li></ul><li>Close-up of a mosaic.<br />
  14. 14. <ul><li>Painting
  15. 15. Doesn’t survive as well, but we have many fine examples from Pompeii.</li></li></ul><li>Pompeii<br />August 24, AD 79<br />
  16. 16.
  17. 17. From a bar<br />
  18. 18. Graffiti<br />
  19. 19.
  20. 20.
  21. 21.
  22. 22.
  23. 23.
  24. 24.
  25. 25.
  26. 26. What Rome gave us<br /><ul><li>Language
  27. 27. Became the basis for the Spanish, Portuguese, Italian, Romanian, and French languages – the Romance languages.
  28. 28. Started off as just bad Latin, but then established themselves as separate languages.</li></li></ul><li>
  29. 29. <ul><li>Architecture
  30. 30. Many important buildings, like government buildings, use neo-Classical architecture. Like say, the U.S. Capitol Building.</li></ul>The columns, the dome, the arches.<br />
  31. 31. <ul><li>The Romans were also big on the arch.
  32. 32. It’s an extremely efficient weight-bearing structure.
  33. 33. You see them a lot in their aqueducts, for example.</li></li></ul><li><ul><li>The aqueducts were used to supply Rome with water and were engineering marvels.
  34. 34. They supplied Rome with nearly 300 million gallons of water a day. That’s for a population of just 1 million. That makes for about 300 gallons of water per day per person.</li></li></ul><li>Maps of aqueducts going into Rome.<br />
  35. 35.
  36. 36.
  37. 37.
  38. 38. <ul><li>Pantheon</li></ul>The Pantheon<br />
  39. 39.
  40. 40.
  41. 41.
  42. 42. <ul><li>The roads and road system were also engineering marvels, but we’ve already talked about them.</li></li></ul><li><ul><li>Law
  43. 43. Big contribution, mainly the rights of individuals.
  44. 44. Rights under the law.
  45. 45. Innocent until proven guilty.
  46. 46. Burden of proof on accuser.
  47. 47. Punishment for actions.
  48. 48. The legal system also became basis of most Western countries’ legal systems.</li>

×