5.1 ancient greece

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5.1 ancient greece

  1. 1. Ancient Greeks
  2. 2. Greece: the basis of the West Some important places - Athens Sparta Corinth Thebes Olympia Troy Ephesus
  3. 3. The Greeks didn’t stay put in Greece or the Aegean, though. They colonized all over the Mediterranean
  4. 4. <ul><li>As your book notes, geography helped shaped Greek civilization </li></ul><ul><li>Rugged rocky terrain meant that the interaction, communication, and ability to travel that’s necessary for empire was difficult </li></ul><ul><li>The cities developed as city-states and were fiercely independent. They each also developed their own government and sub-culture while remaining Greek. </li></ul><ul><li>The Greeks were pretty proud of themselves. The ability to speak Greek marked one as civilized. Those who couldn’t (or whose first language wasn’t Greek) were barbarians. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>In fact, ‘barbarian’ comes from the Greek word barbaros. That’s because it sounded to the Greeks like non-Greeks were just going “Bar bar bar bar.” </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><li>Mycenaeans </li></ul><ul><li>Early Greek civilization lasting from about 1600-1100 BC </li></ul><ul><li>They extended through southern Greece and even onto Crete </li></ul><ul><li>On Crete, they defeated the Minoans and adopted their system of writing </li></ul>
  6. 6. <ul><li>The Mycenaean civilization suddenly collapsed around 1100 BC. It entered a dark age from which we have no written records </li></ul><ul><li>One theory is that the Dorians invaded and conquered the Mycenaeans, but this is disputed. We do know Mycenae and the other cities suffered damage. </li></ul><ul><li>The Dark Ages </li></ul><ul><li>Greece had its own. No written records from the time exist. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Lion’s Gate Entrance to citadel at Mycenae
  8. 8. Entrance to the tholos tomb in Mycenae. That doorway is 18 feet high. Note the relieving arch. The inner lentil weighs 100 tons. How’d they do that?!
  9. 9. <ul><li>Homer </li></ul><ul><li>THE Greek poet-originally an oral tale </li></ul><ul><li>In writings, the Greeks would often refer to him simply as ‘the poet.’ Everybody knew Homer. </li></ul><ul><li>Wrote the Iliad about the Trojan war and the Odyssey about Odysseus's journey home </li></ul><ul><li>Good stuff and it informs about Greek character </li></ul><ul><li>Arête -means virtue and excellence and it was the Greek heroic ideal. It could be displayed on the battlefield in combat or in sporting events </li></ul><ul><ul><li>And the Odyssey has Cyclops, sirens, monsters, witches, revenge. How can you go wrong with that? </li></ul></ul>

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