World History Unit 4A, Lesson 1                The Byzantine Empire                  340 – 1453 C.E.©2012, TESCCC
Byzantine                                        Empire under                                        Justinian (at        ...
Guiding Questions -                 Write these down• How did the development of Christianity  act as a unifying social an...
The Byzantine Empire• The Basics: The Byzantine Empire (340-  1453)     – The eastern half of the Roman Empire          • ...
The Byzantine Empire• A little recap….• Central Authority collapsed in Western  Roman Empire in 476 CE        • RECALL: Do...
Justinian, 518-565 C.E.                    Important Byzantine Emperor©2012, TESCCC
•   Where is the                                                     Byzantine                                            ...
Byzantine Empire at Time of      Justinian’s Death, 565 C.E.©2012, TESCCC
The Byzantine Empire, 668 C.E.   Why did the Empire shrink?©2012, TESCCC
Another Hint: Hagia Sophia             Justinian built this as a church.What does it look like now? What could have happen...
The Byzantine Empire• Political structure   – Centered around the Emperor   – Capital: Constantinople   – Empire organized...
The Byzantine Empire• Social and Cultural Differences with West          • Different languages                – Western Ro...
The Byzantine Empire•     The Eastern Orthodox Christian Church       – Closely tied to the imperial government           ...
The Byzantine Empire     – East v. West          • Who has religious Authority?                – WEST: The Pope in Rome cl...
The Byzantine Empire• Disagreements continue for over 200 years   – Both churches divided over icon use   – Disagreements ...
The Byzantine Empire   – THE GREAT SCHISM        • Pope and the Patriarch of Constantinople          excommunicated each o...
Impact of Islam  on Europe©2012, TESCCC
The Crusades                       (1096 – 1272)          •     A series of Holy Wars          •     Primarily between Chr...
What is happening to the Byzantine            Empire ?                        Muslim                       Conquests      ...
Questions to Consider:Q1. How did Muslim, Christian, and Jewish societies inEurope interact?Q2. How did the Crusades contr...
Use the following information and categorize it according tothe guiding questions: Moors (Muslims)         Moors (Muslims)...
Use the following information and categorize it according tothe guiding questions: Teacher KeyMoors (Muslims)         Moor...
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  • This map depicts the Empire at the death of Justinian I, who had reigned from 527 to 565.
  • Revisit the graphic organizer and review the major components of this Unit (4A)
  • Note that Islamic Civilizations took portions of Byzantine Empire
  • 13 sswh04 a01o_the byzantine empire

    1. 1. World History Unit 4A, Lesson 1 The Byzantine Empire 340 – 1453 C.E.©2012, TESCCC
    2. 2. Byzantine Empire under Justinian (at its peak) Constantinople Black Sea Asia Minor/Anatolia Mediterranean Sea©2012, TESCCC
    3. 3. Guiding Questions - Write these down• How did the development of Christianity act as a unifying social and political factor in the Byzantine Empire?• What are the characteristics of Eastern Orthodoxy?• In what ways has Justinian’s Code of Laws made an impact?©2012, TESCCC
    4. 4. The Byzantine Empire• The Basics: The Byzantine Empire (340- 1453) – The eastern half of the Roman Empire • Consisted of southern Europe, Anatolia, Palestine, and Egypt • Capital at Constantinople since 340 CE • Emperor that divided the Roman Empire into two: – Constantine©2012, TESCCC
    5. 5. The Byzantine Empire• A little recap….• Central Authority collapsed in Western Roman Empire in 476 CE • RECALL: Do you remember why? • Invasions, Weakened Government and Economy, Plagues• But the Eastern Roman Empire (Byzantine Empire) survived • Lasted for another thousand years – Infrastructure and central authority remained strong – Legacy of the Roman Empire continued©2012, TESCCC
    6. 6. Justinian, 518-565 C.E. Important Byzantine Emperor©2012, TESCCC
    7. 7. • Where is the Byzantine Empire? • Black Sea? • Constantinople? • Asia Minor? • Mediterranean Sea? • Iberian Peninsula? Justinian’s Code of Laws • The emperor simplified the complexity of Roman laws. • Employed a committee to study and decipher complex Roman laws and use them as a foundation for Justinian’s Code. • The code consists of twelve books with over four thousand laws. • Political impact: influenced European laws • Legal impact: the code differentiates between civil and criminal law©2012, TESCCC
    8. 8. Byzantine Empire at Time of Justinian’s Death, 565 C.E.©2012, TESCCC
    9. 9. The Byzantine Empire, 668 C.E. Why did the Empire shrink?©2012, TESCCC
    10. 10. Another Hint: Hagia Sophia Justinian built this as a church.What does it look like now? What could have happened?©2012, TESCCC
    11. 11. The Byzantine Empire• Political structure – Centered around the Emperor – Capital: Constantinople – Empire organized through a bureaucracy • Officials trained in Hellenistic classics, philosophy & science – Greek (Hellenistic is a term describing Greek Culture and Language is an element of culture) • Regulated trade, taxes, and prices©2012, TESCCC
    12. 12. The Byzantine Empire• Social and Cultural Differences with West • Different languages – Western Roman Empire (WRE) = Latin – Byzantine (EWR) = Greek – Cultural Perceptions • Byzantines thought: Western Europeans = “barbarians” • Westerners thought Byzantines = “sneaky” and “liars” – Different approaches to and forms of Christianity emerged©2012, TESCCC
    13. 13. The Byzantine Empire• The Eastern Orthodox Christian Church – Closely tied to the imperial government • Patriarch of Constantinople – Appointed by Byzantine Emperor – The highest church official – Like Pope in Rome – Does not recognize the Pope’s authority • Controversy over icons – Are religious icons considered sinful? Brief problem in the 8th century but icon use was restored. • Monasteries emerged providing religious community life ©2012, TESCCC
    14. 14. The Byzantine Empire – East v. West • Who has religious Authority? – WEST: The Pope in Rome claimed supremacy over all Christian churches » Eastern/Byzantine bishops resented this – EAST: The Byzantine Emperor claimed supremacy over the West » Not recognized by Germanic rulers » Contested by Charlemagne who was crowned Emperor by the Pope©2012, TESCCC
    15. 15. The Byzantine Empire• Disagreements continue for over 200 years – Both churches divided over icon use – Disagreements over ritual practices • Whether to use local languages at church services – East: wanted to – West: didn’t – Disagreements over celibacy of priests • Should priests marry? – East: wanted to – West: didn’t©2012, TESCCC
    16. 16. The Byzantine Empire – THE GREAT SCHISM • Pope and the Patriarch of Constantinople excommunicated each other in 1054 • First split in Christianity©2012, TESCCC
    17. 17. Impact of Islam on Europe©2012, TESCCC
    18. 18. The Crusades (1096 – 1272) • A series of Holy Wars • Primarily between Christians and Muslims • Purpose: Christians wanted to reclaim the holy land (Palestine/Jerusalem)©2012, TESCCC
    19. 19. What is happening to the Byzantine Empire ? Muslim Conquests (622-750)©2012, TESCCC
    20. 20. Questions to Consider:Q1. How did Muslim, Christian, and Jewish societies inEurope interact?Q2. How did the Crusades contribute to the end ofmedieval Europe?Q3. How did Islam impact Europe politically, economically,and socially?Q4. How did the Great Schism contribute to the end ofmedieval Europe?©2012, TESCCC
    21. 21. Use the following information and categorize it according tothe guiding questions: Moors (Muslims) Moors (Muslims) Moors Moors Crusaders learned invade and occupy promote art, literature, (Muslims) attempt to (Muslims) from Muslims and Spain for over 700 science and take over France but Created the Muslim European technology years mathematics were defeated in 732 at state of improved. the Battle of Tours al-Andalus in what is today modern Spain The crusades were a End of Crusades led to The many casualties Trade between The Byzantine Empire failure for the a decline in papal associated with the Southwest Asia (Middle gradually collapsed Christians (Pope) prestige crusades weakened East) and Europe help and was never able to the feudal society to spread culture and regain the power it explore new trade once had. routes The end of the The end of the Cordova (city in Spain) Ancient Greek and Crusades signaled the Crusades helped developed into an Roman works, end of the Middle create a middle class eclectic mix of Muslim, translated from Arabic, Ages; loyalties to of merchants and Jewish and Christian helped to shape nations began to form traders and bankers in population European thought. and the power and the new, emerging need for a stronger Europe. centralized, monarchy emerged.©2012, TESCCC
    22. 22. Use the following information and categorize it according tothe guiding questions: Teacher KeyMoors (Muslims) Moors (Muslims) Moors Moors Crusaders learnedinvade and occupy promote art, literature, (Muslims) attempt to (Muslims) from Muslims andSpain for over 700 science and take over France but Created the Muslim European technologyyears (Q 1, Q 3) mathematics were defeated in 732 at state of improved. (Q 3) the Battle of Tours al-Andalus in what is (Q 3) (Q 3) today modern Spain (Q 3)The crusades were a End of Crusades led to The many casualties Trade between The Byzantine Empirefailure for the a decline in papal associated with the Southwest Asia (Middle gradually collapsedChristians (Pope) prestige crusades weakened East) and Europe help and was never able to(Q 2) (Q 2) the feudal society to spread culture and regain the power it (Q 2) explore new trade once had. routes (Q 4) (Q 2)The end of the The end of the Cordova (city in Spain) Ancient Greek andCrusades signaled the Crusades helped developed into an Roman works,end of the Middle create a middle class eclectic mix of Muslim, translated from Arabic,Ages; loyalties to of merchants and Jewish and Christian helped to shapenations began to form traders and bankers in population (Q 1) European thought.and the power and the new, emerging (Q 3)need for a stronger Europe. (Q 2)centralized, monarchyemerged. (Q 2)©2012, TESCCC

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