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Cartagena protocol and update imperatives for biodiversity conservation


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Cartegena Protocol and Biodiversity Conservation.

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Cartagena protocol and update imperatives for biodiversity conservation

  1. 1. Cartagena PPrroottooccooll:: BBiioossaaffeettyy IImmppeerraattiivveess ffoorr BBiiooddiivveerrssiittyy CCoonnsseerrvvaattiioonn wwiitthh ppaarrttiiccuullaarr RReeffeerreennccee ttoo GGMMOOss Abiodun A. Denloye, PhD Department of Zoology and Environmental Biology Lagos State University Ojo, Lagos. Staff Seminar, 21st August 2014 www. F O R T R U T H A N D S E R V IC E
  2. 2. PPllaann ooff PPrreesseennttaattiioonn Introduction of Cartagena protocol Global biodiversity The need to conserve biodiversity Biodiversity of Africa and Nigeria GMOS and alteration of biodiversity Biosafety Imperatives for conservation of biodiversity Implications and Challenges Conclusion and Recommendation
  3. 3. IInnttrroodduuccttiioonn ttoo CCaarrttaaggeennaa PPrroottooccooll It is a product of the 1992 Convention on Biological Diversity One of the issues addressed by the CBD is biosafety. Biosafety is a concept that refers to the need to protect human health and the environment from the possible adverse effects of the products of modern biotechnology.
  4. 4. CCAARRTTAAGGEENNAA PPRROOTTOOCCOOLL Focuses on trans-boundary movement of living modified organisms arising from modern biotechnology processes Came into force on Montreal Canada on 29th January 2000 It provides a regulatory framework for trade and environmental protection. It creates an enabling environment for environmentally sound application of modern biotechnology
  5. 5. Conventional Technique Recombinant DNA Technique Grafting Hybridization Budding Gene Transfer Gene splicing
  6. 6. Nigeria - Distinct vegetation zones endowed with vast biodiversity
  7. 7. What is biodiversity? TThhee ttoottaalliittyy ooff aallll lliiffee ffoorrmmss wwiitthhiinn aa ggeeooggrraapphhiiccaall ssppaaccee
  8. 8. Nigeria is rich in animal and plant biodiversity
  9. 9. Many species are already threatened , endangered or extinct.
  10. 10. Nigeria has unique species that need to be protected
  11. 11. EExxaammpplleess ooff GGMMOOss Crops – GM Cassava, BT cotton, drought resistant sorghum, biofortified corn, etc Animals – Insects – eg mosquitoes Pharmaceuticals -
  12. 12. EExxaammpplleess ooff GGMM CCrrooppss
  13. 13. EExxaammpplleess ooff GGMM AAnniimmaallss EnviroPig. A construct containing phytase gene from Escherichia coli under the control a promoter of the mouse secretory parotid was added to the geneome. EnviroPig gives less environmental polution. GM Mosquitoes. Engineered to produce more males which are sterile.
  14. 14. TTrraaddee iinn GGMM pprroodduuccttss 32 Seed companies already registered in Nigeria It is anticipated that there will be a flurry of GM products in Nigeria within a short time. This sets the tone for regulation within our national boundry.
  15. 15. BBiioossaaffeettyy IImmppeerraattiivveess -- CCoommmmeenncceemmeenntt Regulations must fit into Cartagena Protocol. Nigeria is a signatory to the protocol. The National Competent Authority is the Federal Ministry of Environment There is national Biosafety Office in Department of Forestry There is no enabling law in the country, but there is a draft bill.
  16. 16. BBiioossaaffeettyy IImmppeerraattiivveess National Biosafety Regulations Biodiversity Database Monitoring for GMOs Institutional Biosafety Committees Environmental Risk Assessment
  17. 17. BBiioossaaffeettyy iimmppeerraattiivveess Institutional Biosafety Committee (IBC) Institutional Biosafety Officer (IBO) Principal Investigator (PI) All stakeholders including representatives of the community.
  18. 18. Main iissssuueess iinn bbiioossaaffeettyy mmoonniittoorriinngg  .. a, Environmental safety  . gene flow (of GMOs will contaminate our indigenious crops)  . invasiveness (of GMOs might become predominant)  . non-target organisms  . other effects on ecology and dynamics  b.Food/feed safety/Human health  . Nutrition  . Allergy  . Toxicity  . Substantial equivalence  c. Agricultural sustainability  . Weediness  . pest resistance development  . chemical imputs  . Higher Costs  . Others ( Socio-Cultural , acceptability etc)
  19. 19. BBiioossaaffeettyy IImmppeerraattiivveess –– AAccttiioonnss RReeqquuiirreedd 1. Collation of biodiversity resources at the local government, state and national levels. Coordinated cooperative multidisciplinary and multiloci research into GMO production, safety and evaluation. Documentation and awareness of products and effects.
  20. 20. AAcckknnoowwlleeddggeemmeennttss  1. African Biological Safety Association (AfBSA)  2. Sandia Laboratories, United States of America.  3. Government of Italy  4. Office of the President of the United States of America.  5. International Centre for Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology (ICGEB), Trieste, Italy.  6. African Centre for Integrated Laboratory Training (ACILT), South Africa.  7. Federal Ministry of Environment  8. Federal Ministry of Health  9. Nigerian Biosafety Association (NiBSA)