I. BACKGROUNDVISION 2020: The right to sight -is a global initiative to eliminateavoidable blindness by the year 2020.AIM: to develop sustainablecomprehensive health care system toensure the best possible vision for allpeople and thereby improve quality oflife.
PRIORITY: 5 preventable/treatable conditions (cataract, refractive errors and low vision, trachoma, onchocerciasis, and childhood blindness)-by improving the eye care services and targeting the 5 diseases globally instead of 75M blind people by year 2020. the number is calculated to be less than 25M.
75% of blindness and visual impairment in the philippines is a result of 3 preventable or treatable conditions:-CATARACT-REFRACTIVE ERRORS and LOW VISION-CAUSES OF CHILDHOOD BLINDNESSIf priorityis given to these 3 diseases, then in 2020, instead of morethan 790,000 blind people, it is calculated that there will be less than 300,000.
A successful VISION2020 will prevent 400,000 filipinos becoming blind. VISUAL IMPAIRMENT: 4.62% BILATERAL BLINDNESS: 0.58% MONOCULAR BLINDNESS:1.07% BLIATERAL LOW VISION: .64% MONOCULAR LOW VISION: 1.33% Highest prevalence of visual impairment is found in region 2.
The lowest is found in CARAGA. There are almost half a million blind filipinos today. (as of 2000) There is a decrease blindness prevalence over the past 7 years. Errors of refraction is the leading cause of visual impairment and of bilateral ormonocular low vision.
prevalence of blindness among age group of 0-19 is 0.06%. The causes are cataract, error of refraction, phthisis bulbi, amblyopia and optic artrophy.
II. VISION, MISSION, GOAL ANDOBJECTIVES VISION: All filipinos enjoy the right to sight by year 2020. MISSION:1. Strengthen partnership among and with stakeholders to eliminate avoidable blindness in the philippines2. Empower communities to take proactive roles in the promotion of eye health and prevention of blindness3. provide access to quality eye care services for all
4. Work towards poverty alleviation through preservation and restoration of sight to indigent Filipinos.GOAL: Reduce the prevalence of avoidable blindness in the Philippines through the provision of quality eye careOBJECTIVES:No. 1: Increase cataract surgical rate from 730 to 2,500 by the year 2010.
No.2: Reduce visual impairment due to refractive errors by 10% by the year 2010.No.3: Reduce the prevalence of visual disability in children from 0.43% to 0.20% by the year 2010.
III. INTERVENTIONS BY EYEDISORDER1. CATARACT- Opacification of the normally clear lens of the eye, is the most common cause of blindness worlwide.- -cause in 62% of blindness in the Philippines- CURE: Surgery- INTERVENTIONS: a. Increasing awareness about cataract and cataract surgeryb. Improving the delivery of cataract services
2. Errors of refraction- Is the most common cause of visual impairment in the country.- CURE: are corrected either with spectacle glasses, contact lenses or surgery- Optometrists
3. Childhood blindness- The prevalence of blindness among children up to age 19 is 0.06% while the prevalence of visual impairment in the same group is 0.43%- the problem of childhood blindness is the highly specialized services that are needed to diagnose and treat it- screening of children for any sign of visual ipmairment my be done by pediatricians, school clinics, and health workers.
VISION 2020 Philippines envisions toeliminate avoidable blindnessthrough 3 strategies:a. Ensuring that cataract surgery is available, acessible, and affordable to everyone. b. reduction of the prevalence of cataract, blinding error of refraction and vitamin A deficiency thru enhanced servicesc. Pooling of resources of government and non-government agencies to address the problem of cataract, blinding error or refraction, and vitamin A deficiency.