Sindhi LiteratureSindhi literature is not only very old but is also very rich in literature. It is a living and thrivinglanguage. The earliest reference to Sindhi literature is contained in the writings of Arab historian.It is established that Sindhi was the first and the earliest language of the East in which the HolyQuran was translated in the eighth or ninth century A.D. There is an evidence of Sindhi poetsreciting their verses before the Arab caliphs at Baghdad. It is also recorded that treatises werewritten in Sindhi on astronomy, medicine, and history during the eighth and ninth century.BhaguBhan, sumang Charan, Shah Abdul Karim and Shah Inayat and many other poets of this periodhave enriched the language with mystic, romantic and epic poetry. Many centers of learningflourished during tenth to fifteenth centuries where celebrated scholars of Sindh used to teachreligion, philosophy, and rhetoric. Modern Sindhi literature began with the conquest of Sindh bythe British in 1843. The printing press was introduced. Magazines and news papers broughtabout a revolution in Sindhi literature. Books were translated from various European languages,especially from En No doubt that every language has literature and all languages are known bytheir literary people as English, French and nations of world those have literary pillars of theirlanguages. Poets, dramatists, novelists, fiction writers and linguists are main pillars of everylanguage and make language as language of their identity. Sindhi language is one of the worldlyknown language and language of love, peace and Sufism. It is a language of those who havescarified their whole life to build this language as language of ancient civilization a civilizationthat is attacked and invaded many times by many invaders but they never move back anddefeated them through their love and culture. It is language of saints and those saints they camefrom Afghanistan and made their last place where they spent whole life and buried here. MoenJo Daro is a clearest representation of Sindhi language, culture and literature because their wholefigure witnessing their way of living and living is a raw material of literature. Sindhi languagehas vast literature and literary genres. Shah Abdul Kareem Bulri Waro is Chaucer of thislanguage and it depicts the whole scenario of that time in his poetry. Later on a great chain ofpoets born and they made this language as pure language of literature. Shah Abdul Latif Bhitae,Sachsl Sar Mast, Samei, Mirza Qaleech Baig, Makhdum Talib Ul Maula, Shaikh Ayaz and so on,who have embellished this language in its all genres. There are classical and romantic periodswith great poets as we have read in English literature and in other languages same as here inSindhi literature we have classicism and romanticism periods. In Shah Abdul Latif Bhitae‟spoetry we have history of those people who scarified their lives on love naming those stories as„Sassi & Punho‟, Umar & Marvi. Bhitae‟s “SHAH JO RISALO” is a collection of his poems andit is somehow known by religious scholars as it is a translation of Holy Quran because it coverssome aspects of religion praising God and His prophets. Poets like Bhitae, Shaikh Ayaz andSachal Sarmast have spreaded the message of Sufism and by their poetry people came to know inreal sense about actual meaning and definition of Sufism. Sindhi poetry has genres that are morethan other languages as Bait, Wae, Chao sitto, Doar, Marsyo, Qaqseeda, and so on. Classicalpoets have described all these types of poetry. In romanticism era there are poets and their work
is remarkable. Ustad Bukhari is a great name who has not used a single word from any otherlanguage and his poetry is simple based on love and every word is so simple that a child canunderstand and interprete his lines taking from any ghazal. Continuing this way of writing poetrywe have other poets as Hassan Daras, Zaib Sindhi, Zakhmi Chandio, and Zama khaskheli,Ahmed khan Mad Hosh, Zahid Shaikh, Adal Soomro, Ayaz Gul, Abdul Ghaffar Tabsum andDr.Mushtaq Phull. Ibrahim Munshi, Shaikh Ayaz and Zahid Shaikh are known as revolutionarypoets of Sindhi language. These poets have depicted real picture and social problems of societyexpressing their feelings and emotions. Poems taghut at primary stage are written in childrenliterature that is also a type literature in Sindhi language. Imdad Hussein is a man who has donethis work in this genre as writing poems on children life. His poems are read from 1ststage to 5thlevel in government schools. This language has “Sindh Text Book Board Jamshoro” by whichsyllabus are designed under going through some process. Another non government organizationthat is “sindhi Adabi Board” its main role is to promote to Sindhi language and culture. Foundersof this organization are Shaikh Ayaz, Abdul Ghaffar Tabsum, Abdul Jabbar Junejo, ImdadHussein and current president Dr.Mushtaq Phull. History of Sindhi language is basically writtenby Saen GM Sayd and it is authentic. Developing and building sindhi language and making agrand edifice of sindhi literature is done by Bhero Mal Advani, Ghulam Ali Allana, Prof,Dr.Shamasdin, Memon Abdul Majeed sindhi, Hidayat Pretum, M.h Panwhar, Qasim Bughio,Mazahar ul Haq Siddiqui and Dr.Nabi Bux Khan Balouch. This is a brief history of Sindhilanguage and its literary figures that are done by literary people with different periods.