Geschichte des Oktoberfestes• The Oktoberfest tradition started in 1810 to celebrate the October 12th marriage of Bavarian Crown Prince Ludwig to the Saxon- Hildburghausen Princess Therese.• The citizens of Munich were invited to join in the festivities which were held over five days on the fields in front of the city gates.• The main event of the original Oktoberfest was a horse race.
• Anniversary celebrations were held annually thereafter that eventually became larger and more elaborate.• An agricultural show was added during the second year. In 1818 tree climbing competitions, wheel barrow and sack races, mush eating contests, barrel rolling races, and goose chases were included.• By 1870s, mechanical rides were an expanding feature of the festival• In1908, the festival boasted Germanys first roller coaster. When the city began allowing beer on the fairgrounds, makeshift beer stands began cropping up, and their number increased steadily until they were eventually replaced by beer halls in 1896.• The beer halls, like the beer tents of today, were sponsored by the local breweries.
Oktoberfest Events -Theresas• The event takes place on the Theresienwiese meadow, which was named after the new bride; to the locals, its simply known as ‘Wiesn’.• The mayor of Munich opens the festivities at noon on the first day of the fair when he drives the wooden tap into a barrel of beer and proclaims Ozapft is! ("Its tapped!").• The Costume and Riflemens Procession takes place on the first Sunday of the festival, in which some 7000 performers - groups in traditional costumes and historical uniforms, marching bands, old-fashioned carriages, parade through the streets of Munichs city center showcasing the diversity of local, regional, and national customs.
The Mayor of Munich tapping the Beer drum…beginning of the oktoberfest.
• The second Sunday of the Oktoberfest features an open-air big band concert involving the 400 musicians who comprise all of the Oktoberfest bands.• Between events and beer tents, guests can traverse the 103 acre Oktoberfest grounds to ride a Ferris wheel, roller coaster, or water slide, navigate their way through a labyrinth, visit a haunted house, be entertained by numerous types of performers, stop off at one of dozens of game booths, take a festival tour.
Oktoberfest Bier• Oktoberfest beer is of a variety called Märzen. Darker and stronger than traditional beer, Märzen contains up to 6% alcohol• Just six Munich breweries - Augustiner, Hacker- Pschorr, Hofbräu, Löwenbräu, Paulaner, and Spaten - are permitted to serve beer at the festival.• 14 larger and several smaller beer tents and beer gardens provide enough seating for 98,000 visitors at a time.• Beer is served by the Maß- a one-liter mug, and costs about 8 euros.• Beer maids and waiters must be able to carry 10 of these beer-filled mugs at a time.
Oktoberfest Essen• Readily available are Hendl- whole chickens grilled on a spit and typically sold in halves.• Varitions are the spit-roasted duck or goose. Roasted meats, especially pork, and potato dumplings are served up with the traditional red cabbage and apple dish (Blaukohl).• Local specialties such as roasted ox tails, grilled pork knuckles, or Bavarian Weißwürste- steamed white veal sausages served with sweet mustard, sauerkraut, and a pretzel or bread roll, the charcoal- fired fish-on-a-stick (Steckerlfisch).
The veggie stuff:• Potato salad or potato soup, feasting on massive warm, soft pretzels, cheese plates with bread.• Typical dessert dishes include Dampfnudel, a steamed honey-dumpling served with vanilla sauce, apple strudel, and Kaiserschmarrn, a sugared pancake with raisins.• Pan-roasted, sugar-glazed almonds (gebrannte Mandeln) to cotton candy (Zuckerwatte), from glazed fruits to ice cream.• The decorated gingerbread hearts with slogans and phrases iced onto them might be more of a feast for the eyes than the stomach.
Oktoberfest Musik• Oktoberfest is known as much for its traditional folk music as it is for its beer drinking.• Popular and folk music, marches, and polkas make up the music Germany is stereotypically famous for around the world.• As the evening wears on, the music becomes louder and more and more people begin to sing, linking arms and swinging beer mugs from side to side, some standing and swaying and dancing on benches or tables.• Before each break, the band will offer up "ein Prosit der Gemütlichkeit“- a toast to contentment, congeniality, and relaxation.
Oktoberfest Zelte (14 Tents)• Hippodrom — One of the smaller tents, its the first tent that many visitors see at the fest. As well as serving normal Wiesn beer, it has a Sekt (sparkling wine) bar and Maß of Weißbier. Considered one of the trendiest tents, and attracts the occasional celebrity. Traditionally in the evening the Oktoberfest band the Münchner Zwietracht plays all the Oktoberfest classics.• Armbrustschützenzelt — Translates as the "Crossbow Shooters Tent", a competition that has been a part of the Oktoberfest since 1895.• Hofbräu-Festzelt — The counterpart to the famous Hofbräuhaus, this tent is especially popular with Americans, Australians and New Zealanders.• Hacker- Festzelt — One of the largest tents on the Wiesn, they have a rock band that plays from 5:30 each evening (as opposed to the traditional brass band). This tent is also known as "Himmel der Bayern" (Heaven of the Bavarians)• Schottenhamel — Reckoned to be the most important tent at the Oktoberfest, mainly because it is where it starts. On the first Saturday of the event, no beer is allowed to be served until the mayor of Munich (currently Christian Ude) taps the first keg, at 12pm. Only then can the other tents begin to serve beer. Very popular amongst younger people.• Winzerer Fähndl — This tent is noted for its huge tower, with a Maß of Paulaner beer sitting atop it.• Schützen- Festhalle — This is a mid-sized tent. Situated under the Bavaria statue, the current tent was newly built in 2004.
• Käfers Wiesen Schänke — The smallest tent at the Oktoberfest, it is frequented by celebrities, and is known for its especially good food. In contrast to the other tents (which must close by 11pm), it is open until 0:30am, but it can be very difficult to get in.• Weinzelt — This tent offers a selection of more than 15 wines, as well as Weißbier.• Löwenbräu- Festhalle — Above the entrance is a 4.50 meter (15 foot) lion who occasionally drinks from his beer. This is overshadowed by another tower where another drinking lion sits.• Bräurosl (Hacker- Pschorr) — Named after the daughter of the original brewery owner (Pschorr), this tent has the usual brass band and a yodeler.• Augustiner- Festhalle — Considered by many locals to be the best tent, due to the fact it sells the favourite local brew, Augustiner, from individually tapped wooden kegs rather than stainless steel vats used by the other tents.• Ochsenbraterei — True to its name, this tent offers a great variety of ox dishes.• Fischer Vroni — Another of the smaller tents. Fisch is the German word for fish and this tent carries a huge selection in its menu.