Mahatma Gandhi: The Father of
the Nation Mahatma Gandhi led the national freedom struggle against the British rule. The most unique thing about this struggle was that it was completely non-violent.
Subhash Chandra Bose "The Indian
National Army" The fire within him to see India independent got a vent through the creation of "Azad Hind Sena". His memory shall always keep reminding us of a true patriot who laid down his life for the motherland.
Lal Bahadur Shastri A Man
Of Strong Values. He was the chief organizer of the Green Revolution and he coined the slogan of 'Jai Jawan Jai Kisan' for it. Lal Bahadur never praised himself. On the contrary he used to say: "I am an ordinary man and not a very bright man." He never aspired to power. He never worked for it.
Shaheed Bhagat Singh Shaheed e
Azam Bhagat Singh was an outstanding revolutionary and martyr of the Indian anti-colonial movement. Bhagat Singh, a great reader and thinker was able to break the jail conditions, even when officially not allowed he was reading and writing but finally after long hunger strike got the right of reading & writing included in Jail Manuals Thus he maintained a note book of 404 pages and kept notes & quotes from the books he read. Here are few of these
Chandrashekhar Azad, often called, Pandit
ji was the founder of Garam Dal. He was the first to start the revolutionary struggle with arms against the oppressive Britishers. Chandershekhar a devout brahmin believed that his dharma was to fight for others. Chandrashekhar Azad was deeply troubled by the Jallianwala Bagh massacre in Amritsar in 1919. He received his first punishment at the age of fifteen.
Rajguru The Young Compatriot Of
Bhagat Singh Rajguru was a young lad who sacrificed his life for the nation at the young age of 23. 23rd March 1931 was the last day of his life, when he was hanged in the evening alongwith the other two revolutionaries.
Rabindranath Tagore A Great Poet
and Philosopher. Tagore gave the country "Shantiniketan" which is a unique learning institution. His literary works enjoy unparalleled popularity even today . The British Government honoured him with the title of 'Sir'. But the returned this title in 1919, in protest against the Jallianwala Bagh tragedy.
Bal Gangadhar Tilak A fearless
crusader of India's Independence. The words, "Swaraj is my birthright and I shall have it", are strongly etched in our minds even today. Tilak believed that the nation's fortunes could be turned around if they would follow simple rules like boycott of foreign goods, spread of education throughout the country, practice of self-reliance and self governance.
Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel Another Great
Proponent of Non-Violence. A successful barrister under western influence was greatly impressed by gandhian philosophy, which led him to join the freedom struggle. When India became free and Pakistan attacked Kashmir, it was Patel who asked to withhold the cash balances left by the British for Pakistan. Gandhiji felt this was immoral and went on a fast until death. Sardar withdrew his argument because he could not bear to see his teacher's suffering.
Vasudev Balwant Phadke The leader
of "Ramoshis" A middle-class Maharashtrian Brahmin was irked by the apathy of his community towards the atrocities carried out by the British. The complacent attitude of the middle class led him to form his own group of people who would fight against this grave injustice done to the farmers. He called this group the "Ramoshis".
Lakshmi Bai, the Rani of
a principality called Jhansi in northern India, led an uprising against a takeover of her homeland by the British. She became a heroine and a symbol of resistance to the British rule. The great heroine of the First war of India Freedom. She lived for only twenty-two years. She became a widow in her eighteenth year .