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A plain adjacent to a coast is Coastal Plains.
Coastal Plains are characterized by an area of flat low
lying land that is situated adjacent to a water body
often a sea or ocean.
The Coastal Plains are separated from the interior of
the larger land mass by unique features.
Coastal Plains have limited vegetation, however
grasses and trees are not uncommon.
Coastal plains are a geologic feature found around the
world and on both the eastern and western coasts of
India. Coastal plains are characterized by an area of
flat low lying land that is situated adjacent to a water
body often a sea or ocean. It is also of note that coastal
plains are separated from the interior of the larger land
mass by other unique features. Coastal plains have
limited vegetation; however grasses and trees are not
uncommon. The coastal plains of India are relatively
expansive regions which contribute significantly to the
geography of the region.
The eastern coastal plains are located on a wide stretch
of land between the Eastern Ghats of India and the
Bay of Bengal. This stretch of land stretches to 120 km
in width at parts. The eastern coastal plains extend
from Tamil Nadu in the south to West Bengal in the
north. The eastern coastal plains have rivers draining
into them and river deltas also occupy the valleys. The
region of the eastern coastal plains is an expansive area
and is divided into six regions.
The six regions of the eastern coastal plains of India are the
Mahanadi Delta, the Southern Andhra Pradesh Plain, the
Krishna Godavari deltas, the Kanyakumari Coast, the
Coromandel and the Sandy Coastal regions.
The eastern coastal plains are characterized by a
temperature that exceeds 30 degrees Celsius and also
experiences high levels of humidity. The rainfall of the
region is also abundant in the region with rainfall amounts
in excess of 1000mm annually with the amount usually
approaching 3000mm. It is also of note that this region of
the eastern coastal plains is subject to both northeast and
southwest monsoon rains when these storms are in season.
The western coastal plains are located in the west of
India between the Western Ghats and the Arabian Sea.
They extend from Gujarat in the north down 50 km to
the south in Kerala and are characterized by numerous
backwaters and rivers that flow into the region. These
rivers that flow into the region lead to the forming of
estuaries that are found in the western coastal plains
of India. The storm activity here is considerably less
than on the eastern coastal plains. The maximum
storm activity on the western coastal plains occurs in
the month of March.
The western coastal plains are smaller than their
eastern counterpart and the region is divided into
three parts. The western coastal plains are divided into
the regions of Konkan, Kanara, and the Malabar Coast.
The maximum storm activity on the western coastal
plains occurs in the month of March.
Gujarat is a state located in North-west India.
It has an area of 196,204 km2 (75,755 sq mi) with a
coastline of 1,600 km (990 mi), most of which lies on
the Kathiawar peninsula, and a population in excess of
Sabarmati is the biggest river of Gujarat followed
Narmada is one of the major rivers of peninsular
India with a length of around 1312 km.
Daman and Diu
Maharashtra has the 840km spread across.
The coastal zone of Maharashtra extends from 15 43’N
and 20 10’N and longitude between 72 39E and 73
Coastal districts is 30645.5 Km2 comprising built up
land (1.58%), agricultural (44.14%), forests (19.48%),
wastelands (28.72%)and water bodies (4.13%).
The Northern part of the coast is called the Konkan
Dahanu 12.9-36.0 771.7 68-89 14.3
Mumbai (N) 12.2-37.9 868.3 48-87 10.5
Mumbai (S) 15.8-35.6 750.4 61.87 9.5
Alibag 14.2-35.1 741.8 64-90 13.6
Ratnagiri 15.9-35.4 937.6 58-90 9.8
Devgad 16.2-34.5 839.4 60-90 6.8
Karnala Bird Sanctuary
The coastal zone of Goa has been exclusively used for
agriculture, farming shell fishing, traditional fishing and
low-key recreation. Goa is very rich in Mangroves diversity.
Goa has a coastline of 101 km (63 mi).
Goa's main rivers are Mandovi, Zuari, Terekhol,
Chaporakushavati river and the Sal.
The month of May is the hottest, seeing day temperatures
of over 35 °C.
Goa has a short winter season between mid-December and
February. These months are marked by nights of around
21 °C (68 °F) and days of around 28 °C.
Abyss Marine Aquarium
British Cemetery in Goa
Madei Wildlife Sanctuary
Vintage Car Museum
Wax World Museum
The Kanara or Canara region which is also known
as Coastal Karnataka.
The length of this region from north to south is
around 300 km and width varies from 30 km to 110 km.
Kanara is also known as the Karavali coast.
Rice, fish and coconut oil are commonly used
ingredients in the food of the people of Karavali
The people of this region have always been known for
farming and fishing.
Kerala (38,863 km²; 1.18% of India’s landmass) is
situated between the Arabian Sea.
Kerala’s coast runs some 580 km in length, while the
state itself varies between 35–120 km in width.
Kerala lies between north latitudes 8°.17'.30" N and 12°.
47'.40" N and east longitudes 74°.27'47" E and
Kerala’s climate is mainly wet and maritime tropical.
Kerala’s average maximum daily temperature is around
36.7 °C; the minimum is 19.8 °C.
Eravikulam National Park
Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve
Tamil Nadu lies in the southernmost part of the Indian
It is bound by the Eastern Ghats in the north,
the Nilgiri, the Anamalai Hills, and Kerala on the west,
by the Bay of Bengal in the east, the Gulf of Mannar,
the Palk Strait in the south east, and by the Indian
Ocean in the south.
Tamil Nadu covers an area of 130,058
km2 (50,216 sq mi), and is the eleventh largest state in
Tamil Nadu has a coastline of about 910 km (570 mi)
which is the country’s third longest coastline.
According to the 2011 census, it has an area of 92,906
square kilometres (35,871 sq mi) and a population of
Andhra Pradesh contains 259 coastal wetlands,
covering an area of 18,552 km2, out of which 88 are
The coastal line of this region is the second largest in
India, extending 960KM.
Sri Kalahasti Temple
Osman Sagar Dam
Odisha has a relatively unindented coastline about 480
According to 2011 census population of Orissa is
The highest mountain peak in the state is Deomali
which is 1672 m. It is also the tallest peak of
the Eastern Ghats.
The population density is 269 per km².
West Bengal is a state located in the eastern region
of India and is the nation's fourth-most populous.
The state capital is Kolkata.
The state has a total area of 88,752 square kilometres
(34,267 sq mi).
This region contains Sandakfu (3,636 m or 11,929 ft)—
the highest peak of the state.
The highest day temperature ranging from 38
°C (100 °F) to 45 °C (113 °F).