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Ethics and values 1


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Ethics and values 1

  1. 1. ETHICS AND VALUES - An Introduction Dr.S.Sujatha
  2. 2. Topics to be covered <ul><li>What is Ethics? </li></ul><ul><li>Senses or Meaning of Ethics </li></ul><ul><li>Ethical consideration </li></ul><ul><li>What are Morals? </li></ul><ul><li>What are Values? </li></ul><ul><li>Ethics as an act of inquiry. </li></ul><ul><li>Why to study ethics? </li></ul>
  3. 3. What is Ethics? <ul><li>Ethics - what is right and wrong </li></ul><ul><li>Activity </li></ul><ul><li>Taking decisions based on the situation </li></ul>
  4. 4. Senses or Meaning of Ethics <ul><li>Ethics is an activity </li></ul><ul><li>Relates to ethical problems </li></ul><ul><li>Refers to particular set of beliefs, attitudes and habits. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Ethical consideration <ul><li>Personal </li></ul><ul><li>Professional </li></ul><ul><li>Society </li></ul>
  6. 6. Five Ethical Principles <ul><li>Respect for others </li></ul><ul><li>Do No Harm </li></ul><ul><li>Benefit Others </li></ul><ul><li>Be Just </li></ul><ul><li>Be Faithful </li></ul>
  7. 7. What are Moral? <ul><li>Human action </li></ul><ul><li>Conduct that differentiates intentions, decisions, and actions between those that are good (or right) and bad (or wrong). </li></ul>
  8. 8. Difference between Ethics and Morals <ul><li>Morals define personal character, while ethics stress a social system in which those morals are applied. </li></ul><ul><li>Ethics point to standards or codes of behavior expected by the group to which the individual belongs. </li></ul>
  9. 9. What are Values? <ul><li>Principles </li></ul><ul><li>Guidelines </li></ul><ul><li>Character </li></ul>
  10. 10. Ethics as an act of inquiry <ul><li>Inquiry </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Investigation </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Values, meanings and facts </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Types of inquiry </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Normative inquiry </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Identifying and justifying </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Conceptual inquiry </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Describing the meaning </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Factual or descriptive inquiry </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Provide facts for understanding and finding solution. </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  11. 11. Why to study ethics? <ul><li>Moral Dilemmas </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Vagueness </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Conflicting </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Disagreement </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Moral Autonomy </li></ul>