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Standards of Mine Closure Planning

Standards of Mine Closure Planning, Various rules, regulations related to MCP, brief overview of MCP in India

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Standards of Mine Closure Planning

  1. 1. Indian Institute of Technology Banaras Hindu University Varanasi Standards of Mine Closure in Indian Mines Term Paper Guide: Dr. Prof. S. Ratan Dept of Mining Engineering IIT(BHU), Varanasi Uttar Pradesh Submitted by: Abhiram K M.Tech Part I Dept of Mining Engineering IIT(BHU), Varanasi Uttar Pradesh
  2. 2. • MCDR 1988 Rule 3 says : “mine closure” means steps taken for reclamation, rehabilitation measures taken in respect of a mine or part thereof commencing from cessation(stopping) of mining or processing operations in a mine or part thereof
  3. 3. • The Mine Closure Plan will have two components viz. I ) Progressive or Concurrent Mine Closure Plan and II ) Final Mine Closure Plan. • Progressive Mine Closure Plan includes various land use activities to be done continuously and sequentially during the entire period of the mining operations, whereas Final Mine Closure activities would start towards the end of mine life, and may continue even after the reserves are exhausted and/or mining is discontinued till the mining area is restored to an acceptable level to create a self sustained ecosystem.
  4. 4. • MCDR 1988 Rule 3 says : “progressive mine closure” means a progressive plan, for the purpose of providing protective, reclamation and rehabilitation measures in a mine or part thereof that has been prepared in the manner specified in the standard format and guidelines issued by Indian Bureau of Mines
  5. 5. Mine closure process • Shut Down – production stoppage, early retirement to employees, min labor force is needed to shut down. • Decommissioning – equipment, buildings, disposing waste • Remediation/reclamation • Post closure – monitoring, long term care and maintenance
  6. 6. Reclamation • Return the land and watercourses to an acceptable standard of productive use • Ensuring that any landforms and structures are stable, and any watercourses are of acceptable water quality. • Reclamation typically involves a number of activities such as removing any hazardous materials, reshaping the land, restoring topsoil, and planting native grasses, trees, or ground cover.
  7. 7. Potential uses of mine sites following mine closure • Museums or education centres • Visitor attractions • Scientific centres • Recreational areas • Gardens or parks • Fish farms • Agriculture
  8. 8. Various governing bodies and rules to monitor Mine Closure Plans MAJOR MIENRAL CONCESSIONS • (I) Mines and Mineral (Development and Regulation) Act, 1957. (MMDR – Act 1957) • (II) Mineral Concession Rules 1960. (MCR – 1960) • (III) Mineral Conservation and Development Rules – 1988 (MCDR – 1988)
  9. 9. Standards according to MCDR 1988 • 23A : Every mine shall have Progressive MCP and Final MCP. • 23B :  Review the progressive mine closure plan every five years from the date of its approval  Approval or refusal of the progressive mine closure plan should be within ninety days of the date of its receipt. No response from the concerned official declares the approval of plan.
  10. 10. • 23C : submit a final mine closure plan for approval one year prior to the proposed closure of the mine. • 23D : The modification of mine closure plan • 23E : Responsibility of the holder of mining lease • 23F : Financial assurance Rs 25000/- per Ha for Category A Mines Rs 15000/- per Ha for Category B Mines in any case not < Rs 2 lakh for Cat A & Rs 1 lakh for Cat B Mines
  11. 11. Format of Progressive MCP of a Mine • 1.1 Introduction: the name of the lessee, the location and extent of lease area, the type of lease area (forest etc), the present land use pattern, the method of mining and mineral processing operations
  12. 12. 1.1: Reasons for closure • The reasons for closure of mining operations in relation to exhaustion of mineral, lack of demand, uneconomic operations, natural calamity, directives from statutory organization or court etc. should be specified
  13. 13. 1.2 : Statutory Obligations • The legal obligations, if any, which the mine owner is bound to comply with such as special conditions imposed while execution of lease deed, approval of mining plan 1.3 : Closure Plan Preparation
  14. 14. 2.0 Mine Description • 2.1 Geology: • 2.2 Reserves: • 2.3 Mining Method: • 2.4 Coal Beneficiation:
  15. 15. 3. Closure Plan • 3.1 Mined-Out Land • 3.2 Water Quality Management • 3.3 Air Quality Management • 3.4 Waste Management • 3.5 Top Soil Management • 3.6 Management of Coal Rejects from washery • 3.7 Infrastructure • 3.8 Disposal of Mining Machinery • 3.9 Safety and Security • 3.10 Economic Repercussions of closure of mine
  16. 16. 4. Time Scheduling for abandonment 5. Abandonment Cost 6. Financial Assurance 7.Responsibility of Mine Owners 8. Provision for Mine Closure
  17. 17. References • MCDR 1988, MCR 1960 • Ministry of Coal, Guidelines for preparation of MCP • http://www.miningfacts.org/environment/what- happens-to-mine-sites-after-a-mine-is-closed/ • Ramco Budawada Limestone Mine of M/s The Ramco Cements Limited 1st Scheme of Mining including Mine Closure Planning

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Standards of Mine Closure Planning, Various rules, regulations related to MCP, brief overview of MCP in India

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