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Good GovernanceGood Governance
& Anti-Corruption& Anti-Corruption
Good GovernanceGood Governance
GOOD GOVERNANCE
“A term often used international Literature to describe how
public institutions conduct public affairs and manage public
resources ”
GOVERNANCE
Governance is the process of decision making and process by which
decisions are implemented . The term governance can apply to corporates,
international, national, local governance and to the other interactions
between other sectors of society.
Good GovernanceGood Governance
Good GovernanceGood Governance
Pillars of Good
Governance
Transparency
Accountability
Participation
Good governance is integral to economic growth, the eradication of
poverty and hunger, and sustainable development. The views of all
oppressed groups, including women, youth and poor, must be heard &
considered by governing bodies because they will be most negatively
affected if good governance is not achieved
3
CorruptionCorruption
“When you go to a theatre to watch a movie, and find that
there are no tickets left, what do you do?”
4
5
CorruptionCorruption
Do you say, “It’s OK, we can come another time.”
Or do you buy a ticket in black,
paying Rs.200 for a ticket when it
actually costs Rs.100?
Or do you buy a ticket in black, paying Rs.200 for a
ticket when it actually costs Rs.100?
CorruptionCorruption
The answer to this question shows the level
of corruption in our SOCIETY.
CorruptionCorruption
It is an unethical method used by a person to
gain advantage over others.
Today, corruption is one of the greatest factors hindering
development and stifling the realisation of democracy. Corruption
affects the growth of a nation adversely. It reduces the
Government’s income, and creates inequalities in distribution of
income and wealth. Corruption affects a nation’s development,
economically, socially and politically.
WhatWhat is Corruption?is Corruption?
Types of CorruptionTypes of Corruption
Bribery
Bribery is arguably the most common form of corruption. It
entails beneficiaries using extra-legal means of payment to
acquire government favours and resource allocations. This
can involve contracts, tax exemptions, timeframes and
technical standards for complying with procurement rules and
licences, public information being monopolised, or getting the
government to turn a blind eye to illegal activities.
BriberyBribery
Some officials steal state assets under their jurisdiction or
made accessible to them as a function of their positions in
government. Acquiring publicly owned assets through illegal
transactions and fraud constitutes the most extensive form of
such corruption.
Theft and fraudTheft and fraud
Both the political and bureaucratic components of government could
become sources and targets of corruption. A common occurrence of
such political and bureaucratic corruption is where conflicts of interest
are not managed, so that potential beneficiaries of projects or
resource allocations are directly able to control or influence decisions
about those projects or allocations. Institutional corruption is often -
perhaps most commonly - associated with cases where processes of
decision-making are misused by those who have the power to waive
rules.
Institutional CorruptionInstitutional Corruption
Grand CorruptionGrand Corruption
This type of corruption is defined as corruption that involves
heads of state, ministers, or other senior government officials
and serves the interests of a narrow group of business people
and politicians as criminal elements.
Political corruption involves lawmakers, such as monarchs,
dictators, and legislators. Such officials engage in corruption
when they seek bribes or other rewards for their own political
or personal benefit in return for political favours to their
supporters at the expense of the public interest.
Political CorruptionPolitical Corruption
This occurs in relationships between private business
corporations and the suppliers or clients. It also occurs within
corporations, when corporate officials use the corporation
resources for private gain, at the expense of the
shareholders.
Corporate CorruptionCorporate Corruption
Administrative corruption includes the use of bribery and
favouritism to allow certain individual businesses to lower
their taxes, escape regulations, or win low-level procurement
contracts.
Administrative CorruptionAdministrative Corruption
This type of corruption is that type of corruption that is
prevalent throughout all levels of society.
Systemic CorruptionSystemic Corruption
Effect of Corruption
Effects of
CORRUPTION
1.1 Lack of quality in services
In a system with corruption there is no quality of service. To
demand quality one might need to pay for it. This is seen in
many areas like municipality, electricity, distribution of relief
funds etc.
1.2 Lack of proper justice
Corruption in judiciary system, leads to improper justice. And
the victims of offense might suffer. A crime may be proved as
benefit of doubt due to lack of evidence or even the evidence
erased. Due to corruption in the police system, the
investigation process goes on for decades. This lets the
culprits roam free and even perform more crimes. So it lead
to “Justice delayed is justice denied.”
Chances of Unemployment
This we can see with an example. The private education and
training institutes are given permits to start providing
education. This permit is given based on the infrastructure
and sufficient recruitment of eligible staff. Here there are
good chances of corruption. The institute or college
managements try to bribe the quality inspectors so as to get
permits. Though there are no sufficient eligible staff these
institutes get permission by the inspectors leading to
unemployment. Instead of 10 faculty a college is run by 5.
So, even if well qualified persons wish to get job there, they
will not be offered. If there was no corruption by inspectors,
then there would be chance for more employment.
Poor Health and hygiene
In countries with more corruption one can notice more health
problems among people. There will no fresh drinking water,
proper roads, and low quality food grains supply, milk
adulteration, etc. These are all done to save money by the
contractors and the officials who are involved in providing
them. Even the medicine provided in hospitals for the
hospitals are of sub-standard quality. So all these can
contribute to ill health of common man.
Society
Corruption
Disregard for
officials
Lack of faith
and trust on
the govt.
Eversion for
joining the post
linked to
corruption
Lack of
respect for
ruler
*People start disregarding the official involved in corruption by
talking negatively about him. But when they have work with
him or her, they again approach them by a thought that the
work is done if some monetary benefits are provided.
*Disregard towards officials will also build distrust.
*Even lower grade officer will be disrespectful to higher grade
officer. So even he may not obey his orders.
2.1 Disregard for
officials
2.2 Lack of respect for rulers
*Rulers of the nation like president or prime ministers lose
respect among the public.
*Respect is main criteria in social life. People go for voting
during election not only with the desire to improve their living
standards by the election winner but also with respect for the
leader.
*If the politicians involve in corruption, people knowing this
will lose respect for them and will not like to cast their vote for
such politicians.
People vote to a ruler based on their faith in him/ her. But if
found to be involved in corruption people lose faith in them
and may not vote next time.
2.3 Lack of faith and trust on the
governments
Sincere, honest and hard working people develop aversion to
apply for the post though they like to as they believe that they
also need to be involved in corruption if they get into post.
2.4Aversion for joining the posts linked to
corruption
Economy
Corruption
Delay in
growth
Lack of
Development
Difference in
trade ratio’s
Decreases in
foreign
investment
There are many incident where in foreign investments which
were willing to come to India have gone back owing to heavy
corruption in the government bodies.
3.1 Decrease in foreign investment
Due to desire to mint money and other unlawful benefits, the
official who need to pass the clearances for projects or
industries delay the process. A work which can be done in
few day may be done in months time. This leads to delay in
investments, starting of industries and also growth. Even if
started, company growth hinders as every work linked to
officials get delayed due to need to provide bribes or other
benefits
3.2 Delay in growth
Many new industries wiling to started in particular region
change their plans if the region is unsuitable. If there are no
proper roads, water and electricity, the companies do not wish
to start up there. This hinders the economic progress of that
region.
3.3 Lack of development
3.4 Differences in trade ratio’s
*Some countries have inefficient standard control institutes.
Or in other word these standard control institutes are corrupt that they
can approve low quality products for sale in their country.
*Hence you can see countries manufacturing cheap products dump them
in big markets. These countries can manufacture cheap quality products
but cannot dump in countries with strict standard control institutes.
*One best example is China products which can’t be just dumped into
Europe and US markets. But can be done in Indian and African markets.
*So there arises trade deficit that these countries cannot manufacture
their own products at cheaper price than those exported to them.
*So if corruption is minimised than these countries will have less trade
deficits in-terms of exports and imports with other countries and their
economies can prosper.
 
Ways of combating corruption
and improving governance
1. Give better salary in govt. jobs
2. Increase the number of workers
3. Law to dismiss from service if found to be
involved in corruption
4. Keep transactions online and provide bill for
every purchase
5. Camera in most govt. offices
6. Speed up the work process in govt. institutes
7. Make Media responsible and fix laws to be so
8. Verify the selection procedures
9. Keep inflation low
10. Speed up the judgment and increase the courts
Give better salary in govt. jobs
Many employees in government positions receive low salary
like clerks, office staff etc. Hence they expect to make money
by bribery. For this they try to delay the work for so long that
the client is fed up and opts for bribery for progress in the
work. So low salary is one of the reasons for corruption. To
curb this their salaries should be raised periodically.
In many offices of the government sector, the work load has
gone up drastically but the recruitment of vacancies has
declined. This gives an option for delaying the work by officials
and expect monetary or other benefits for faster completion.
Increase the number of workers
This seems a better option. For instance if you see  cases
where anti-corruption bureau rides an officers home and finds
disproportionate assets, the officer is suspended from
employment and taken for judicial trials. But after couple of
years you will find them in employment at same or even better
positions. So this creates no fear among the officials against
corruption.
Law to dismiss from service if found to be
involved in corruption
Many of them do not pay taxes and escape. This involves
corruption. Making payments online through bank accounts
and provision of bills for every transaction involving money.
This is a better corruption watch. In other words, public should
opt for cashless transactions where possible. This will limits
the corruption related to money .
Keep transactions online and provide bill
for every purchase
In every ATM there are camera to keep a watch on the public
taking their money.
Then why not government offices have cameras to have a
watch on the employ performance. Even there are
many employ’s who openly take bribe in presence of common
men.
This public bribery is due to confidence that public wants their
work more than the amount they are paying to them as
bribes.
Camera in most govt. offices
Most corporate offices are in full fledged running by 8-9 am.
But the government offices start by 10 to 11 am and wind up
by 3.30 to 4 pm with a lunch break of one & half hour in
between. This indicates how much of commitment lies in
the work and how fast the work goes on. If there are
mistakes in the work or delay in the work, civilians have to
run behind those workers to rectify or complete the work. In
doing so they pay bribes to get the work done. This makes
the chances of corruption more or else work is not done. So
there should be accountability of daily work done in
government works and targets to complete the work on time
basis. Or else instead of being public servants, they tend to
act as public bosses.
Speed up the work process in
govt. institutes
There are many major scams and corruption events
involving media. Though the media is well aware of
the corruption happening they stay silent due to their
support for some political parties or else their owners get
some monetary benefits from the rulers. Even there are
many reporters who though come across some scam or
corruption, they stay silent without revealing it for press for
having received monetary benefits to do so. If
media personnel are found to be guilty for not having
exposed the scam or corruption intentionally, they have to
be prosecuted and their license be withdrawn.
Make Media responsible
and fix laws to be so
Many people compete for government jobs and in the
process there are corruption happening in the selection of
candidates for the posts. So let the selection criteria and
procedure used be transparent and any misconduct from
this should be punishable.
Also while allotment of natural resources for business
companies, the selection of bids should be transparent.
There should be online details with regards to the benefit to
the government, the purchase price and even benefit to the
company out of the deals. This will limit the corruption
related to quid pro quo.
Verify the selection procedures
This is another factor for keeping corruption high and also
persistent. Due to rise in prices, any amount of income
seems to be insufficient.
This inflation is a corruption involving politicians and
businessmen. Businessmen try to rise the prices to sell their
inventory or stock of goods at higher price. For this
the politicians support them and are paid monetary or other
benefits. This is a cheap business tactic but even the so
called richest business magnets play this corruption game.
Keep inflation low
Many cases of corruption take years to be given verdict. This
delay in cases creates lack of fear for being corrupt and also
huge time span for court trials gives sufficient time to make
alterations in the witness. Establishing fast track courts and
giving severe punishment for corruption practice will keep a
control on corruption.
Speed up the judgment and
increase the courts
Governance & Corruption AssessmentsGovernance & Corruption Assessments
International Corruption Perception
Index
Financial Management & Good GovernanceFinancial Management & Good Governance
► solely for purpose intended & results-orientated
► in accordance with AWPB
► in conformity with administrative, technical, financial, environmental,
agricultural & rural development practices & good governance
► ensuring value for money
► following best practice
► with considerations of efficiency & effectiveness
Good financial management means that funds are
used:
What can you do?What can you do?
What can you do?What can you do?
► Prevent: Perform best practice FM practices regularly and consistently
(e.g. bank/ SA reconciliations, filing of documents/backups)
► Transparency: Ensure all FM procedures & processes are diligently & fully
followed
► Encourage & facilitate reports of concerns: Challenge suggestions/requests
to carry out tasks/practices which do not seem in line with (standard)
procedures
► Contact Authorities: If you feel that your superior(s) has not taken your
complaints seriously (need to present evidence) and/or need advice
What can you do?What can you do?
“Whenever you are in doubt…recall the face of
the poorest and weakest man who you have
seen and ask yourself, if the step you
contemplate is going to be of any use to him?
Will he gain anything by it? Will it restore him to
control over his own life and destiny?...Then
you will find your doubts and your self melting
away.”
Mahatma Gandhi
 Presentation By:
 Dr. Abhiram Kulshreshtha
 MA- Public Administration,
 Education,
 History.
 MSW
 LL. B
 MBA
 M.Phil- Management,
 Education,
 History.
 PhD – Management,
 Education
 D.Sc – Business Administration
 Mobile: 91-9910544008
 Email id: director@nierindia.info;
 nierindia@gmail.com
Thank YouThank You

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Corruption.docx

  • 1. Good GovernanceGood Governance & Anti-Corruption& Anti-Corruption
  • 2. Good GovernanceGood Governance GOOD GOVERNANCE “A term often used international Literature to describe how public institutions conduct public affairs and manage public resources ” GOVERNANCE Governance is the process of decision making and process by which decisions are implemented . The term governance can apply to corporates, international, national, local governance and to the other interactions between other sectors of society. Good GovernanceGood Governance
  • 3. Good GovernanceGood Governance Pillars of Good Governance Transparency Accountability Participation Good governance is integral to economic growth, the eradication of poverty and hunger, and sustainable development. The views of all oppressed groups, including women, youth and poor, must be heard & considered by governing bodies because they will be most negatively affected if good governance is not achieved 3
  • 4. CorruptionCorruption “When you go to a theatre to watch a movie, and find that there are no tickets left, what do you do?” 4
  • 5. 5 CorruptionCorruption Do you say, “It’s OK, we can come another time.”
  • 6. Or do you buy a ticket in black, paying Rs.200 for a ticket when it actually costs Rs.100? Or do you buy a ticket in black, paying Rs.200 for a ticket when it actually costs Rs.100? CorruptionCorruption
  • 7. The answer to this question shows the level of corruption in our SOCIETY. CorruptionCorruption
  • 8. It is an unethical method used by a person to gain advantage over others. Today, corruption is one of the greatest factors hindering development and stifling the realisation of democracy. Corruption affects the growth of a nation adversely. It reduces the Government’s income, and creates inequalities in distribution of income and wealth. Corruption affects a nation’s development, economically, socially and politically. WhatWhat is Corruption?is Corruption?
  • 9. Types of CorruptionTypes of Corruption
  • 10. Bribery Bribery is arguably the most common form of corruption. It entails beneficiaries using extra-legal means of payment to acquire government favours and resource allocations. This can involve contracts, tax exemptions, timeframes and technical standards for complying with procurement rules and licences, public information being monopolised, or getting the government to turn a blind eye to illegal activities. BriberyBribery
  • 11. Some officials steal state assets under their jurisdiction or made accessible to them as a function of their positions in government. Acquiring publicly owned assets through illegal transactions and fraud constitutes the most extensive form of such corruption. Theft and fraudTheft and fraud
  • 12. Both the political and bureaucratic components of government could become sources and targets of corruption. A common occurrence of such political and bureaucratic corruption is where conflicts of interest are not managed, so that potential beneficiaries of projects or resource allocations are directly able to control or influence decisions about those projects or allocations. Institutional corruption is often - perhaps most commonly - associated with cases where processes of decision-making are misused by those who have the power to waive rules. Institutional CorruptionInstitutional Corruption
  • 13. Grand CorruptionGrand Corruption This type of corruption is defined as corruption that involves heads of state, ministers, or other senior government officials and serves the interests of a narrow group of business people and politicians as criminal elements.
  • 14. Political corruption involves lawmakers, such as monarchs, dictators, and legislators. Such officials engage in corruption when they seek bribes or other rewards for their own political or personal benefit in return for political favours to their supporters at the expense of the public interest. Political CorruptionPolitical Corruption
  • 15. This occurs in relationships between private business corporations and the suppliers or clients. It also occurs within corporations, when corporate officials use the corporation resources for private gain, at the expense of the shareholders. Corporate CorruptionCorporate Corruption
  • 16. Administrative corruption includes the use of bribery and favouritism to allow certain individual businesses to lower their taxes, escape regulations, or win low-level procurement contracts. Administrative CorruptionAdministrative Corruption
  • 17. This type of corruption is that type of corruption that is prevalent throughout all levels of society. Systemic CorruptionSystemic Corruption
  • 19.
  • 20. 1.1 Lack of quality in services In a system with corruption there is no quality of service. To demand quality one might need to pay for it. This is seen in many areas like municipality, electricity, distribution of relief funds etc.
  • 21. 1.2 Lack of proper justice Corruption in judiciary system, leads to improper justice. And the victims of offense might suffer. A crime may be proved as benefit of doubt due to lack of evidence or even the evidence erased. Due to corruption in the police system, the investigation process goes on for decades. This lets the culprits roam free and even perform more crimes. So it lead to “Justice delayed is justice denied.”
  • 22. Chances of Unemployment This we can see with an example. The private education and training institutes are given permits to start providing education. This permit is given based on the infrastructure and sufficient recruitment of eligible staff. Here there are good chances of corruption. The institute or college managements try to bribe the quality inspectors so as to get permits. Though there are no sufficient eligible staff these institutes get permission by the inspectors leading to unemployment. Instead of 10 faculty a college is run by 5. So, even if well qualified persons wish to get job there, they will not be offered. If there was no corruption by inspectors, then there would be chance for more employment.
  • 23. Poor Health and hygiene In countries with more corruption one can notice more health problems among people. There will no fresh drinking water, proper roads, and low quality food grains supply, milk adulteration, etc. These are all done to save money by the contractors and the officials who are involved in providing them. Even the medicine provided in hospitals for the hospitals are of sub-standard quality. So all these can contribute to ill health of common man.
  • 24. Society Corruption Disregard for officials Lack of faith and trust on the govt. Eversion for joining the post linked to corruption Lack of respect for ruler
  • 25. *People start disregarding the official involved in corruption by talking negatively about him. But when they have work with him or her, they again approach them by a thought that the work is done if some monetary benefits are provided. *Disregard towards officials will also build distrust. *Even lower grade officer will be disrespectful to higher grade officer. So even he may not obey his orders. 2.1 Disregard for officials
  • 26. 2.2 Lack of respect for rulers *Rulers of the nation like president or prime ministers lose respect among the public. *Respect is main criteria in social life. People go for voting during election not only with the desire to improve their living standards by the election winner but also with respect for the leader. *If the politicians involve in corruption, people knowing this will lose respect for them and will not like to cast their vote for such politicians.
  • 27. People vote to a ruler based on their faith in him/ her. But if found to be involved in corruption people lose faith in them and may not vote next time. 2.3 Lack of faith and trust on the governments
  • 28. Sincere, honest and hard working people develop aversion to apply for the post though they like to as they believe that they also need to be involved in corruption if they get into post. 2.4Aversion for joining the posts linked to corruption
  • 29. Economy Corruption Delay in growth Lack of Development Difference in trade ratio’s Decreases in foreign investment
  • 30. There are many incident where in foreign investments which were willing to come to India have gone back owing to heavy corruption in the government bodies. 3.1 Decrease in foreign investment
  • 31. Due to desire to mint money and other unlawful benefits, the official who need to pass the clearances for projects or industries delay the process. A work which can be done in few day may be done in months time. This leads to delay in investments, starting of industries and also growth. Even if started, company growth hinders as every work linked to officials get delayed due to need to provide bribes or other benefits 3.2 Delay in growth
  • 32. Many new industries wiling to started in particular region change their plans if the region is unsuitable. If there are no proper roads, water and electricity, the companies do not wish to start up there. This hinders the economic progress of that region. 3.3 Lack of development
  • 33. 3.4 Differences in trade ratio’s *Some countries have inefficient standard control institutes. Or in other word these standard control institutes are corrupt that they can approve low quality products for sale in their country. *Hence you can see countries manufacturing cheap products dump them in big markets. These countries can manufacture cheap quality products but cannot dump in countries with strict standard control institutes. *One best example is China products which can’t be just dumped into Europe and US markets. But can be done in Indian and African markets. *So there arises trade deficit that these countries cannot manufacture their own products at cheaper price than those exported to them. *So if corruption is minimised than these countries will have less trade deficits in-terms of exports and imports with other countries and their economies can prosper.  
  • 34. Ways of combating corruption and improving governance 1. Give better salary in govt. jobs 2. Increase the number of workers 3. Law to dismiss from service if found to be involved in corruption 4. Keep transactions online and provide bill for every purchase 5. Camera in most govt. offices 6. Speed up the work process in govt. institutes 7. Make Media responsible and fix laws to be so 8. Verify the selection procedures 9. Keep inflation low 10. Speed up the judgment and increase the courts
  • 35. Give better salary in govt. jobs Many employees in government positions receive low salary like clerks, office staff etc. Hence they expect to make money by bribery. For this they try to delay the work for so long that the client is fed up and opts for bribery for progress in the work. So low salary is one of the reasons for corruption. To curb this their salaries should be raised periodically.
  • 36. In many offices of the government sector, the work load has gone up drastically but the recruitment of vacancies has declined. This gives an option for delaying the work by officials and expect monetary or other benefits for faster completion. Increase the number of workers
  • 37. This seems a better option. For instance if you see  cases where anti-corruption bureau rides an officers home and finds disproportionate assets, the officer is suspended from employment and taken for judicial trials. But after couple of years you will find them in employment at same or even better positions. So this creates no fear among the officials against corruption. Law to dismiss from service if found to be involved in corruption
  • 38. Many of them do not pay taxes and escape. This involves corruption. Making payments online through bank accounts and provision of bills for every transaction involving money. This is a better corruption watch. In other words, public should opt for cashless transactions where possible. This will limits the corruption related to money . Keep transactions online and provide bill for every purchase
  • 39. In every ATM there are camera to keep a watch on the public taking their money. Then why not government offices have cameras to have a watch on the employ performance. Even there are many employ’s who openly take bribe in presence of common men. This public bribery is due to confidence that public wants their work more than the amount they are paying to them as bribes. Camera in most govt. offices
  • 40. Most corporate offices are in full fledged running by 8-9 am. But the government offices start by 10 to 11 am and wind up by 3.30 to 4 pm with a lunch break of one & half hour in between. This indicates how much of commitment lies in the work and how fast the work goes on. If there are mistakes in the work or delay in the work, civilians have to run behind those workers to rectify or complete the work. In doing so they pay bribes to get the work done. This makes the chances of corruption more or else work is not done. So there should be accountability of daily work done in government works and targets to complete the work on time basis. Or else instead of being public servants, they tend to act as public bosses. Speed up the work process in govt. institutes
  • 41. There are many major scams and corruption events involving media. Though the media is well aware of the corruption happening they stay silent due to their support for some political parties or else their owners get some monetary benefits from the rulers. Even there are many reporters who though come across some scam or corruption, they stay silent without revealing it for press for having received monetary benefits to do so. If media personnel are found to be guilty for not having exposed the scam or corruption intentionally, they have to be prosecuted and their license be withdrawn. Make Media responsible and fix laws to be so
  • 42. Many people compete for government jobs and in the process there are corruption happening in the selection of candidates for the posts. So let the selection criteria and procedure used be transparent and any misconduct from this should be punishable. Also while allotment of natural resources for business companies, the selection of bids should be transparent. There should be online details with regards to the benefit to the government, the purchase price and even benefit to the company out of the deals. This will limit the corruption related to quid pro quo. Verify the selection procedures
  • 43. This is another factor for keeping corruption high and also persistent. Due to rise in prices, any amount of income seems to be insufficient. This inflation is a corruption involving politicians and businessmen. Businessmen try to rise the prices to sell their inventory or stock of goods at higher price. For this the politicians support them and are paid monetary or other benefits. This is a cheap business tactic but even the so called richest business magnets play this corruption game. Keep inflation low
  • 44. Many cases of corruption take years to be given verdict. This delay in cases creates lack of fear for being corrupt and also huge time span for court trials gives sufficient time to make alterations in the witness. Establishing fast track courts and giving severe punishment for corruption practice will keep a control on corruption. Speed up the judgment and increase the courts
  • 45. Governance & Corruption AssessmentsGovernance & Corruption Assessments International Corruption Perception Index
  • 46. Financial Management & Good GovernanceFinancial Management & Good Governance ► solely for purpose intended & results-orientated ► in accordance with AWPB ► in conformity with administrative, technical, financial, environmental, agricultural & rural development practices & good governance ► ensuring value for money ► following best practice ► with considerations of efficiency & effectiveness Good financial management means that funds are used:
  • 47. What can you do?What can you do?
  • 48. What can you do?What can you do? ► Prevent: Perform best practice FM practices regularly and consistently (e.g. bank/ SA reconciliations, filing of documents/backups) ► Transparency: Ensure all FM procedures & processes are diligently & fully followed ► Encourage & facilitate reports of concerns: Challenge suggestions/requests to carry out tasks/practices which do not seem in line with (standard) procedures ► Contact Authorities: If you feel that your superior(s) has not taken your complaints seriously (need to present evidence) and/or need advice
  • 49. What can you do?What can you do? “Whenever you are in doubt…recall the face of the poorest and weakest man who you have seen and ask yourself, if the step you contemplate is going to be of any use to him? Will he gain anything by it? Will it restore him to control over his own life and destiny?...Then you will find your doubts and your self melting away.” Mahatma Gandhi
  • 50.  Presentation By:  Dr. Abhiram Kulshreshtha  MA- Public Administration,  Education,  History.  MSW  LL. B  MBA  M.Phil- Management,  Education,  History.  PhD – Management,  Education  D.Sc – Business Administration  Mobile: 91-9910544008  Email id: director@nierindia.info;  nierindia@gmail.com