Economy of malaysia_(1)

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Economy of malaysia_(1)

  1. 1. ECONOMY OF MALAYSIA <ul><li>By- </li></ul><ul><li>Ankita Verma </li></ul><ul><li>Neha Tyagi </li></ul><ul><li>Rohit Singh </li></ul><ul><li>Neha </li></ul><ul><li>Paras Arora </li></ul><ul><li>Aatif Khan </li></ul><ul><li>Ankita Mishra </li></ul>
  2. 2. ECONOMY OF MALAYSIA <ul><li>Capital: Kuala Lumpur </li></ul><ul><li>Population: 28.96 million </li></ul><ul><li>GDP: $14,800 </li></ul><ul><li>Main Industries: Rubber and Palm oil processing & manufacturing and mining industry. </li></ul><ul><li>5.8 million households </li></ul><ul><li>Malaysia has a deposit of natural resources in terms of agriculture, minerals and forestry. </li></ul><ul><li>Total export $156.4bn </li></ul><ul><li>Total imports $119.5bn </li></ul><ul><li>Inflation rate 0.4% </li></ul>
  3. 3. PRE CRISIS <ul><li>In 1957, Malaysia got independence. </li></ul><ul><li>Since, 1960s Malaysia has shown consistent growth average of 7% to 8%. </li></ul><ul><li>From 1965-84, a period of broad diversification and sustained rapid growth. </li></ul><ul><li>New foreign and domestic investment in manufacturing. </li></ul><ul><li>Manufacturing grew dramatically from 13.4% of GDP in 1970. </li></ul><ul><li>Petroleum sector expanded rapidly after 1980s. </li></ul>
  4. 4. DURING THE CRISIS <ul><li>1981-82, world recession – Depressed the prices of Malaysia’s traditional commodity export. </li></ul><ul><li>Malaysia’s foreign debt was $15 billion in 1984. </li></ul><ul><li>GNP fall by 11.5% in 1985. </li></ul><ul><li>Increased diversification and manufacturing sector helped in renewing growth. </li></ul>
  5. 5. POST CRISIS <ul><li>Increased diversified and high skilled manufacturing sectors led the country to growth in late 1980s and 1990s. </li></ul><ul><li>Government altered policies due to size of public sector deficit and growth of foreign debt. </li></ul><ul><li>Government placed greater emphasis on role of private sector. </li></ul><ul><li>Economy remains vulnerable to external shocks. </li></ul>
  6. 6. PESTLE Analysis <ul><li>Political </li></ul><ul><li>Political dominance by malays. </li></ul><ul><li>Stable political environment. </li></ul><ul><li>Economic </li></ul><ul><li>From 1965 to 1984 avg. growth : 7% to 8%. </li></ul><ul><li>Economy dominated by two commodities-rubber and tin. </li></ul><ul><li>Significant exporter of oil and liquefied natural gas. </li></ul><ul><li>Recession in 1981-1982. </li></ul>
  7. 7. <ul><li>Social factor </li></ul><ul><li>Less poverty rates <15% among all LDC’s </li></ul><ul><li>Majority are malays(49%) </li></ul><ul><li>Despite rapid urbanization, they remain largely rural and lag economically by Chinese which are 1/3 of population. </li></ul><ul><li>Population growing at a rate of 2.1% every year. </li></ul><ul><li>Technological factor </li></ul><ul><li>Highly skilled manufacturing sector </li></ul><ul><li>Renewed high growth in late 1990’s </li></ul>
  8. 8. <ul><li>Legal </li></ul><ul><li>After recession govt. invested to acquire foreign owned plants. </li></ul><ul><li>Govt. placed greater emphasis on the role of private sector </li></ul><ul><li>Environmental </li></ul><ul><li>Malaysia is the world’s leading producer of rubber,tin,palm oil,and tropical timber </li></ul>
  9. 9. RECOMMENDATIONS <ul><li>Encourage exports </li></ul><ul><li>Provide accessible credit for business </li></ul><ul><li>Emphasize on tourism </li></ul><ul><li>Encourage FDIs and FIIs </li></ul>
  10. 10. THANK YOU

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