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Crime,media & criminology


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Relationship between Crime,Media & Criminology

Published in: Law

Crime,media & criminology

  1. 1. A Presentation on Crime, Media & Criminology PRESENTED BY AV I J I T S A R K E R S U B R ATA L L B ( H O N S . ) ; 2 N D Y E A R R O L L N O : 2 2 2 D E P T. O F L AW, U N I V E R S I T Y O F D H A K A .
  2. 2. An example what can Media do?  Agartala Conspiracy Case
  3. 3. How public concept of Crime grown up?  Most people's ideas about crime and criminals were NOT formed through personal experience instead we form much of our ideas based on media depictions and illustrations of crime and criminals
  4. 4.  There is neither enough space in newspapers nor enough air time on television to cover all, or even most for that matter, criminal activities.  Research has shown that Violent crimes are more likely to gain the attention of the media  However, does the media cover violent crimes because of their interest or ours???
  5. 5. What does the Media depict?  Bob Roshier has shown that there are three factors influencing the selection of media crime stories 1. Unusual Circumstances 2. Dramatic elements 3. Involvement of famous people -- e.g., Rubel Hossain(A Bangladeshi cricketer)
  6. 6. Crime and Media  Crime is used to sell  Television portrays crime and criminals in a stereotypical manner  Most crime is violent, interpersonal, pathological  Glassner – “The Construction of Fear”
  7. 7. Criminological research on media images A number of analyses on the influence of media depictions of crime, criminals, criminality, and victims exist. According to Surette (1992)  The media has a profound influence on the general public understanding of crime.
  8. 8. Media Images Various sources of information, commentary, and debate on crime exist in print, video and electronic media outlets that establish the parameters of perceived wisdom on crime. Marsh (1991) demonstrates that most media illustrate crime in a mainstream and sensational fashion. One facet of this overly dramatic style has been the manner in which victims are presented. The media, however, is not alone in dramatizing certain kinds of victims.
  9. 9. Even the officials…  Eitzen and Timmer 1989:39   Official crime statistics themselves fare no better because they pay far more attention to violent and property crime than to corporate and white-collar crime
  10. 10. Street vs. White Collar crime  Most research on media portrayals are based on street crime rather than white-collar or corporate crime. “The most common image of a crime victim is surely the victim of murder, rape, robbery, burglary or some other conventional crime.”  There can be little question that most people are likely to fear being victimized by such crime” (Friedrichs 1996: 58).
  11. 11. Who to fear?  Rather than fearing white-collar or corporate crime, most Bangladeshi citizens are unaware of corporate misconduct because they are focused on conventional crime.