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Concept of Attitude.

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  1. 1. Concept of Attitude Presented by:Abhishek Agrawal Darshan Chandak
  2. 2. Definition of Attitude Originally meant as indicating physical properties such as a position of the body, figure, or statue. Later, in aeronautics, it refers to orientation of an aircraft relative to the horizon. • Leaning • Stance • Position • Direction
  3. 3. A more current definition of attitude --A psychological tendency that is expressed by evaluating a particular entity with some degree of favor or disfavor * * From: Eagley and Chaiken (1993). The Psychology of Attitudes.
  4. 4. Components of Attitudes A) Affective (Emotional) B) Behavioral C) Cognitive (Thinking)
  5. 5. Process Observable Inferred Observable Cognition Stimuli Attitude Affect Behavior Evaluation
  6. 6. Do Changing Attitudes Lead to Changes in Behavior? • Norms regarding proper behavior in a given situation (& consequences) • Availability or absence of alternatives • Extraneous events
  7. 7. Factors Affecting The Consistency of Attitudes and Behaviors ATTITUDES • Specific • Strength • Accessibility Role of personal experience BEVAVIOR Range of behaviors assessed
  8. 8. HOW TO CHANGE YOUR ATTITUDE: • Are you a pessimistic person? Do you have a tendency to point out the negatives in a situation without seeing the good? Do people reject or regret being in your company because of your attitude? Successfully changing your attitude is dependent on a change in mindset, and successfully changing your mindset is dependent on whether or not you really want to change. Going from pessimistic to optimistic can be difficult, but it will result in a brighter and more enjoyable life. If you really want to know how to change your attitude, here are some simple but effective pointers.
  9. 9. •Stop focusing on yourself. A lot of pessimism arises from false or unreasonable expectations, especially when those expectations involve yourself.  Make an effort to reach out and help at least 1 person every day without expecting anything in return. Over time, you may find more joy in giving rather than receiving.
  10. 10. •Face your flaws. We all have something upon which we can improve, so whether you're at work, at home, or anywhere else, be open to learning more.  Make a list of all your weaknesses and flaws. At the beginning of every week, take one of those listed flaws and think about what you could learn concerning that weakness. Use the remainder of the week to learn even more.
  11. 11. •Look on the bright side. In every undesirable circumstance, there is always a way to look on the brighter side. This isn't to say that you should live your life dishonestly, always ignoring the bad in favor of a fake smile. Instead, accept the bad things but also think about how much worse it could have been.  For example, maybe you just got into a car accident and need to pay a lot of money for reparations and medical bills. One way to look on the bright side is to be grateful that you are still alive without permanent damage to your body or your brain.
  12. 12. •Count your blessings: Post up a blank sheet of paper on your wall, or use a journal. Every morning, as soon as you've woken up, think of one blessing in your life that hasn't already been written on the paper and write it down. Counting your blessings will help you see that your life isn't all doom and gloom, that you have reasons to be happy and joyful.
  13. 13. Find a life coach. These professionals make a living helping people find success in many forms, including successful attitude adjustments. They have the experience of knowing what methods work best for the majority of people  You can contact a life coach in person, attend workshops and seminars, or study their methods online.
  14. 14. Befriend optimistic people. Sometimes a poor attitude is a result of being surrounded by others with poor attitudes. As it has been said, "Bad company corrupts good character." Consider befriending new people, especially people who are optimistic and have a healthy attitude towards life.
  15. 15. •Ask your friends to point out when you are negative or pessimistic in the future: This will help you to see how often your pessimism arises and in what situations it tends to arise.
  16. 16. Ask the right questions: When you're in a situation where you feel your unwanted attitude forcing its way through, take the time to ask a few questions of yourself to help you change your outlook. Some examples of questions that may help change your attitude include:
  17. 17. – What can I do to change the way I feel? – Is there another meaning I can discover from this situation? – What could I do to make this situation more interesting or appealing? What could I do to benefit from this? – What is that person's story? How did they come to behave like this? Could that be me, or someone I love?
  18. 18. Seek help from others: Try asking your friends what they hate or dislike about you and try asking them if they could help you change this things.
  19. 19. HOW TO IMPROVE YOUR ATTITUDE: • To improve your attitude means to improve your mind. There are many aspects in life that can create a negative impact on the our thought process. Think about it, the change from a positive attitude to a negative attitude can happen within a moment, and bad news or being around negative people also can make this change of mind.
  20. 20.  Learn how to train your mind at times when you're feeling down and negative. This will help with the depth of the feeling, telling yourself that it's not as bad as its seems will ease the impact on your daily life.
  21. 21. • Don't compare yourself to others. In human nature we naturally compare ourselves to others in looks, life style and general attitude. The key is not to compare and accept who you are accept your personality and accept your looks this will give you the power to control your own thoughts and life.
  22. 22. • Do your best not to 'be like others'. If we try to be like  others and want what they have you will never be happy  thus having a bad attitude towards life, believe in what you  have and make the best of your situation by staying  positive and remembering that there is always one person  out there that has got it a little worse then You.
  23. 23. • Remember times in your life where you were most happy and what it was that made you happy and try to relate that to your current situation and make the most of the here and now. Looking at the past remembering  you were happy once means that it can happen.
  24. 24. • Focus on one thing rather than many, if we try to complete two goals the chances are one goal will never be achieved and will become a chore rather than a life goal, by excepting your limit and how much you can juggle but still be excited about doing, the more likely you will achieve the goal.
  25. 25. • Don't be so hard on yourself, your only human! Remember, life is for living not worrying, think  yourself positive tell the truth its easier to prove.
  26. 26. • Be truthful. Lying can make a very negative impact on  our lives. With it can come great regret and self loathing.  Try telling the truth and you will see the weight lifted off  your shoulders. You might need to deal with the  consequences (which will not last forever), so why live  with a burden? Just clear your mind and move forward to  enjoy the rest of your life.