COFFEE    By    Kamal Kumar       By       Kamal kumar                     1
AGENDA Introduction Production Process Coffee Growing regions Specialty Coffee Facts & Figures Problems Recommendat...
INTRODUCTION•Origin: Ethiopia around 800 A.D•Two species: Robusta and Arabica•Robusta more bitter, less flavor, more Caffe...
PRODUCTION PROCESS-Bean Production•Cultivation of Coffee Beans on Coffee plants•Picking of Beans from plants–Bean Post-Pro...
COFFEE GROWING REGIONS   Traditional areas representing the southern    states of Karnataka, Kerala and Tamil Nadu.   No...
6
STATE WISE PRODUCTION                        7
Planted area of Coffee in Major States/  District                                          8
   Good weather and bush condition and continued stable    prices encouraged better husbandry practices have helped    to...
   Kerala coffee zones also have received adequate and    timely blossom and backing showers. There was no adverse    eff...
SPECIALTY COFFEES     Specialty coffees are high quality coffees that differ from     normal coffee with relevance to visu...
TYPES OF SPECIALTY COFFEE   1. Decaffeinated Coffee    Coffees with caffeine removed artificially are known as decaffeina...
CONT… 4. Estate Coffee (Single Origin Coffees) Production of good quality coffee by highlighting the special features of t...
PROCESSING OF SPECIALTY COFFEES   Utmost attention is paid while preparing majority of    the specialty coffees both at p...
CONT…   Secondary processing:    Grading of coffee beans at curing level involving    separation of beans according to si...
COFFEE BOARD OF INDIA The Coffee Board of India is an autonomous  body, functioning under the Ministry of  Commerce and I...
DOMESTIC CONSUMPTION                       17
Source: International Coffee Organization, Annual Report 2007-08                                                          ...
Source: www.wikipedia.com/ CMIE/ Indiastat.com                                                 19
CLEARANCES REQUIRED•EXPORT REGISTRATION & ISSUE OF REGISTRATION -CUM -  MEMBERSHIP CERTIFICATE (RCMC)– An exporter may, on...
• FURNISHING POST-SHIPMENT DOCUMENTS– The registered exporter shall submit the post-shipment   documents on export of coff...
EXPORTING DESTINATIONS - INDIA India exports to more than 50 destinations EU - 65-70% Major importer for Indian Coffee–...
Exports of Coffee from India by Countries FY 2008/2009                            Quantity (In                     Unit Va...
18   HUNGARY        2774   1.41   11805419   ISRAEL         2745   1.40   10258320   SINGAPORE      2566   1.31   11792921...
CHINA,PEOPLE38                    821      0.42   107190     S R/O39   NORWAY           794      0.40   11409740   TUNISIA...
VOLUME BASIS               26
India                               ISSUES 1. There is a need to promote the   consumption of coffee in producing   count...
   4. There is a need for technical assistance    aimed at sustainable coffee production in    India.   5. India needs t...
BAGS STACKED IN CONTAINERS                             29
SPOILAGE DUE TO BAD STORAGE                              30
RECOMMENDATIONS Establishment of Export Promotion Council for  Coffee Government Regulation in Quality Testing and  Proc...
REFERENCES www.ico.org www.indiacoffee.org www.commerce.gov.in                        32
A lot can happen over a coffeeNw go nd hav ur coffee   THANK YOU…                    33
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Coffee

  1. 1. COFFEE By Kamal Kumar By Kamal kumar 1
  2. 2. AGENDA Introduction Production Process Coffee Growing regions Specialty Coffee Facts & Figures Problems Recommendations 2
  3. 3. INTRODUCTION•Origin: Ethiopia around 800 A.D•Two species: Robusta and Arabica•Robusta more bitter, less flavor, more Caffeine (40-50%) than Arabica•Introduced in India: 400 yrs ago (around 1500 A.D) at Chadragiri Hills (Karnataka)•Brazil is the largest coffee producer•India accounts for 4.5% of global coffee produce•70% of Indian Coffee exported to Europe (Italy, Germany) 3
  4. 4. PRODUCTION PROCESS-Bean Production•Cultivation of Coffee Beans on Coffee plants•Picking of Beans from plants–Bean Post-Production Process•Processing•Milling•Aging•Storage•Roasting•Crushing•Packaging 4
  5. 5. COFFEE GROWING REGIONS Traditional areas representing the southern states of Karnataka, Kerala and Tamil Nadu. Non-traditional areas comprising Andhra Pradesh and Orissa in the Eastern Ghats of the country. The North Eastern region comprising the ’Seven Sister’ states of Assam, Manipur, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Tripura, Nagaland and Arunachal Pradesh. 5
  6. 6. 6
  7. 7. STATE WISE PRODUCTION 7
  8. 8. Planted area of Coffee in Major States/ District 8
  9. 9.  Good weather and bush condition and continued stable prices encouraged better husbandry practices have helped to regain production in Karnataka Zones. Accounting this, the crop forecast for Karnataka is placed at 79,925 MT of arabica and 139,700 MT of robusta totaling 219,625 MT. Overall, there is 6.77% increase over the previous season’s production in Karnataka with a break up of 8.89% in arabica and 5.59% in robusta. 9
  10. 10.  Kerala coffee zones also have received adequate and timely blossom and backing showers. There was no adverse effect on crop was reported in coffee growing districts of Kerala. Accounting this the post blossom estimates for the 2010-11 is placed at 65,775 MT, which is an increase of 11% (6,525 MT) over the previous 2009-10 post monsoon forecast. 10
  11. 11. SPECIALTY COFFEES Specialty coffees are high quality coffees that differ from normal coffee with relevance to visual quality or cup or both. Specialty Coffees are getting increasingly popular in the world coffee market Specialty coffees are broadly classified into five categories based on their unique features1. Decaffeinated Coffee2. Organic Coffees3. High Grown coffees4. Estate Coffee (Single Origin Coffees)5. Variety Coffee 11
  12. 12. TYPES OF SPECIALTY COFFEE 1. Decaffeinated Coffee Coffees with caffeine removed artificially are known as decaffeinated coffees. There is a prominent segment of consumers preferring decaf coffees owing to health consciousness. 2. Organic Coffees The coffee grown with out using chemicals and pesticides are in great demand in the developed countries because of increasing awareness on health of consumers and protection of environment. 3. High Grown coffees The coffees grown at higher elevations i.e. 4000 ft and above are known to possess a distinct flavor and acidity in cup due to slower development of beans. The coffees are of high quality with dense beans. 12
  13. 13. CONT… 4. Estate Coffee (Single Origin Coffees) Production of good quality coffee by highlighting the special features of the estate can be classified as estate branded coffees. This may be elevation, variety, cultural practices, and special processing techniques. Estate coffees are those that originate on single form with common soils and with the distinct identity in terms of flavour and aroma characteristics. Estate coffees are generally more expensive and actually define the specialty coffee market. 5. Variety Coffee Some of the varieties are known to possess good inherent quality due to the genetic make up of the plant. Separate processing of these varieties help in processing their intrinsic quality. 13
  14. 14. PROCESSING OF SPECIALTY COFFEES Utmost attention is paid while preparing majority of the specialty coffees both at primary and secondary processing level. Primary processing: Selective harvesting is done with special attention to careful hand picking of just ripened berries. Natural fermentation is a must for flavor development and a high standard of quality. Soaking the washed beans under fresh water over night is essential for the development of color and flavor in the bean. Slow drying is absolutely necessary under natural lights 14
  15. 15. CONT… Secondary processing: Grading of coffee beans at curing level involving separation of beans according to size, shape and density followed by meticulous garbling improves the quality 15
  16. 16. COFFEE BOARD OF INDIA The Coffee Board of India is an autonomous body, functioning under the Ministry of Commerce and Industry, Government of India. The Board focuses on research, development, extension, quality up gradation, market information, and the domestic and external promotion of Coffees of India. Till 1995, the Coffee Board had a monopolistic control over the marketing of coffee in India. Since 1995, marketing of coffee is strictly a private sector activity. 16
  17. 17. DOMESTIC CONSUMPTION 17
  18. 18. Source: International Coffee Organization, Annual Report 2007-08 18
  19. 19. Source: www.wikipedia.com/ CMIE/ Indiastat.com 19
  20. 20. CLEARANCES REQUIRED•EXPORT REGISTRATION & ISSUE OF REGISTRATION -CUM - MEMBERSHIP CERTIFICATE (RCMC)– An exporter may, on application, register with Coffee Board as one of the members of Registered exporter of Coffee. On being registered, the applicant shall be granted a certificate of Registration & on request RCMC shall be issued which will be valid for 5 years ending 31st March of the licensing year, unless otherwise specified.•ISSUE OF EXPORT PERMITS & CERTIFICATE OF ORIGIN- Coffee Board issues Export permits under Rule 44(2) Coffee Act 1942 amended from time to time along with Certificate of Origins to the registered exporter of coffee against application, for coffee export 20
  21. 21. • FURNISHING POST-SHIPMENT DOCUMENTS– The registered exporter shall submit the post-shipment documents on export of coffee against each export permits obtained by them. The post-shipment documents viz., copies of export permits, bill of lading with on Board Date Seal and certificate of origin duly endorsed by the concerned Customs Authorities, along with other details viz FOB value etc, shall be submitted to the Coffee Board within 45 days from the date of issue of export permits.•INTIMATION REGARDING CHANGE IN CONSTITUTION– In case of change in ownership, constitution, name or address of an exporter shall be intimated voluntarily within one month from the date of such change.(Source: Coffee Board of India) 21
  22. 22. EXPORTING DESTINATIONS - INDIA India exports to more than 50 destinations EU - 65-70% Major importer for Indian Coffee– Italy USA - 1.7% African nations - 7-10% 22
  23. 23. Exports of Coffee from India by Countries FY 2008/2009 Quantity (In Unit ValueSl No Destination % to Total MT) Rs/Tonne1 ITALY 50802 25.85 108431 RUSSIAN2 16123 8.20 122337 FEDERATION3 GERMANY 14649 7.45 1232904 BELGIUM 9673 4.92 1058325 SPAIN 8556 4.35 972316 UKRAINE 5445 2.77 1399367 FINLAND 5292 2.69 1307528 JORDAN 5187 2.64 1123519 CROATIA 4819 2.45 9686910 SLOVANIA 4715 2.40 9545511 GREECE 4614 2.35 9751412 SWITZERLAND 3813 1.94 13065413 FRANCE 3784 1.93 11194114 MALAYSIA 3730 1.90 10340215 KUWAIT 3536 1.80 12825716 AUSTRALIA 3140 1.60 11791317 PORTUGAL 2898 1.47 23
  24. 24. 18 HUNGARY 2774 1.41 11805419 ISRAEL 2745 1.40 10258320 SINGAPORE 2566 1.31 11792921 EGYPT 2566 1.31 9397522 ALGERIA 2448 1.25 94367 NETHERLAND23 2106 1.07 115885 S24 U.S.A. 1948 0.99 13498525 LIBYA 1913 0.97 9202926 SAUDI ARABIA 1738 0.88 138437 UNITED ARAB27 1716 0.87 139997 EMIRATES28 JAPAN 1679 0.85 13806229 TAIWAN 1361 0.69 10986330 POLAND 1336 0.68 110802 UNITED31 1285 0.65 131621 KINGDOM32 LATVIA 1241 0.63 13768633 TURKEY 1206 0.61 12582934 CANADA 1158 0.59 10759935 SYRIA 1150 0.59 10971836 ROMANIA 972 0.49 97644 2437 AUSTRIA 870 0.44 93726
  25. 25. CHINA,PEOPLE38 821 0.42 107190 S R/O39 NORWAY 794 0.40 11409740 TUNISIA 721 0.37 10417741 VIETNAM 628 0.32 107241 SULTANATE OF42 598 0.30 108954 OMAN43 INDONESIA 572 0.29 13518844 MYANMAR 548 0.28 11062845 Â OTHERS 6297 3.20 138695 TOTAL 196531 100.00 114594 25
  26. 26. VOLUME BASIS 26
  27. 27. India ISSUES 1. There is a need to promote the consumption of coffee in producing countries of the region including China and India in particular, which are potentially large markets. Also, countries such as Russia are large potential markets for coffee. 2. It is suggested that a consortium of Asian/Pacific countries be developed to share knowledge, technologies and coffee planting materials. 3. India supports the idea to reduce costs of Organic coffee certification via a regional mechanism for supporting in-country certification. A set of international standards need to be developed specifically for Organic coffee. 27
  28. 28.  4. There is a need for technical assistance aimed at sustainable coffee production in India. 5. India needs to address the issues of environmental controls of coffee wastes arising from processing and develop practical measure to address the problem. 6. There is a need to evaluate the semi- washed Robustas and Arabicas with a view to improving quality and reducing environmental problems associated with wastes and water. 7. There is a need for more cupping laboratories to help focus research and production on cup quality in coffee varieties and processing and handling methods 28
  29. 29. BAGS STACKED IN CONTAINERS 29
  30. 30. SPOILAGE DUE TO BAD STORAGE 30
  31. 31. RECOMMENDATIONS Establishment of Export Promotion Council for Coffee Government Regulation in Quality Testing and Processing Duty Free Import for Processing Equipments Extensive Marketing and Promotional Activities Sponsoring Trade Fairs and Global Coffee Summits Attractive and Durable packaging Regular Market Survey for Customer Satisfaction and Preferences 31
  32. 32. REFERENCES www.ico.org www.indiacoffee.org www.commerce.gov.in 32
  33. 33. A lot can happen over a coffeeNw go nd hav ur coffee THANK YOU… 33

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