Shyam Benegal is a prolific Indian director and screenwriter. With his first four feature films: Ankur (1973),Nishant (1975), Manthan (1976) and Bhumika (1977) he created a new genre called alternative cinema He was awarded the Padma Shri in 1976 and the Padma Bhushan in 1991 He was also awarded the Dadasaheb Phalke award for lifetime achievement in cinema, the highest award in the field of cinema He has authored three books---The Churning, Satyajit Ray, & The Marketplace He’s the President of the Federation of film societies of India and owns the Company Sahayadri Films.
The film traces the origins of the movement through its fictionalized narrative, based around rural empowerment A young veterinary surgeon, played by Girish Karnad ( a character based on then, National Dairy Development Board (NDDB) chief, the 33 year old Dr. Varghese Kurien ) who joined hands with local social worker, Tribhovandas Patel, which led to the setting up a local milk cooperative, in Anand, Gujarat. In the film, Dr. Rao, comes to a village, to set up a dairy cooperative, which upsets middlemen, who were hitherto exploiting the villagers This also challenges also the age-old feudal structure of the village Soon an uprising is sparked among the local untouchables, which leads to an economic revolution as well.
Girish Karnad - Dr. Rao Kulbhushan Kharbanda - Sarpanch Smita Patil - Bindu Yashpal - Bindus Husband Naseeruddin Shah - Bhola Mohan Agashe – Deshmukh Anant Nag - Chandavarkar Amrish Puri – Mishra ji
Wedge that exists between people on the basis of castes Differentiation between people on basis of wealth, and influence Prejudice that rural people tend to have towards urban people (and vice-versa) A segregated but not a united society . Exploitation of uneducated and lower caste women Exploitation of poor by the affluent---In this case exploitation of lone cattle owners by large and singular dairy farm owners.
It’s all about WE not ME (Dr. Karunakar) The mantra of success (Commander Venkateshwara) It works (Mr. Sudarshan) Need of all times for success (Dr. Swamy) Where V comes before I (Prof. Kavita) Outstanding results (Prof. Vittal) Together we achieve more (Prof. Sasmita) Cooperation (Mr. Raghava)
Delegating tasks--- Through Bhola, and others Leading by being between people and being a part of them Patience and ability to take losses in the short run may influence the outcome differently Team building, and development Emphasis on self and interdependence leading to better outcome. Staying calm in times of adversity
Not letting go of your values Courage Co-operation and unity Self-Reliance
This is the first time a film has been funded by farmers. It was funded by 500,000 farmers Manthan while it refers to the process of churning it also alludes to the social restructuring of society Projects the ability of farmers to overcome adversity and stay close in hard times thus putting across a strong social message Highlights in a precise and highly observant way the idiosyncrasy and attitudes of the then society at large, effectively.
Operation Flood was a rural development programme started by Indias National Dairy Development Board (NDDB) in 1970. One of the largest of its kind, the programme objective was to create a nationwide milk grid. It resulted in making India the largest producer of milk and milk products, and hence is also called the White Revolution of India. It also helped reduce malpractices by milk traders and merchants. This revolution followed the Indian Green Revolution and supposedly helped in alleviating poverty and famine levels from their dangerous proportions in India during the era.
1976: Indian submission for the Academy Award for Best Foreign Language Film 1977 National Film Award for Best Feature Film in Hindi 1977 National Film Award for Best Screenplay: Vijay Tendulkar 1977: Filmfare Award for Best Female Playback Singer: Preeti Sagar