Objective of this chapter
• This chapter gives you a basic understanding of how home
loan is calculated, what is EMI and how is it determined.
1. Basics of Home Loan
– Types of Home Loan
– Some salient features of home loans are
2. Interest Rate
What is EMI?
• Usually we take loans when we are running short of money
and the need is very important. The need may be for
purchasing a vehicle – bike or car, own home, an education
loan for children so on & so forth.
• Whenever you take loan, you need to pay a fixed amount
every month to the bank in form of repayment of the loan.
This is called Equated Monthly Installment or EMI.
Defination of EMI
• A fixed payment amount made by a borrower to a lender at a
specified date each calendar month is called EMI. Equated
monthly installments are used to pay off both interest and
principal each month, so that over a specified number of
years, the loan is paid off in full.
The Components of Equated Monthly
What is a Home Loan?
• A home loan is a loan taken for buying or constructing a home
or to make improvements to a residential property. You can
get a loan from banks and registered housing finance
• Your home loan is secured against the property that you buy.
This means that in case you are unable to repay the loan, the
lending bank will have the right to take possession of your
Home Loan Types
• Basic home loan
1. For new properties
3. Resale- Re-finance
4. Balance Transfer (BT)
5. Loan against property (LAP)
6. Commercial loan
Some Salient Features Of Home Loans
• Loans are available for salaried, self employed and Non
Resident Indians (NRIs)
• Loans are available for builder flats, under construction
properties, and residential plot with construction due to start
• Flexible repayment options, ranging from 12 months – 300
months (1 year – 25 years)
• Repayment with easy Equated Monthly Installments (EMI)
• Loan transfer facility in case you want to change your lender
• Pre-payment facility in case you want to pay back more of
Home Loan Process
1. Collection of documents
2. File checking and Inward
3. Loan A/C No generation
4. Verification (Office and
5. Sanction: System
generated SMS & e-mail
6. Sanction Letter
Original Property docs
1. Technical site visit
2. Disbursement Date Fix
1. Principal amount:
This is the total loan amount that the lender gives you
2. Interest rate:
This is the cost of the loan that you pay to the lender
The amount of the loan, i.e. the principal, that you can avail of
is decided by the lender based on:
– Your income
– Your loan repayment capacity
– The house (property) you wish to purchase
As a borrower, you can choose the type of interest rate that
you will pay. You can either pay:
– Fixed rate: Where the interest rate remains fixed during
the life of the loan
– Floating rate: Where the interest rate floats or changes
depending upon market interest rates
Rate of Interest Factors
• Fixed rate: A loan in which the interest rate does not change
during the entire term of the loan. opposite of adjustable rate
• Floating rate: Any interest rate that changes on periodic basis.
The change is usually tied to movement of an outside
indicator, such as the prime interest rate
Rate of Interest Factors
Prime Lending Rate (PLR) or Retail Prime Lending Rate (RPLR)
Both, PLR and RPLR, are the same. PLR is a bank's benchmark interest rate.
Based on this rate, banks fix rates on various loan products. For
instance, let's assume a bank fixes its home loan floating rate at 0.5 per
cent above its PLR. So, if the PLR of the bank is, say, 10 per cent, then the
floating rate on its home loan will be 10.5 per cent.
Rate is depend on
RPLR - (spread) = rate`
16.50% - 6.00% = 10.50% (Floating)
NOTE : Spread is applicable @ the time of disb & it is fix for entire tenure.
• In future if RPLR goes up or down u will get effect on rate of interest
• For example RPLR - 15.50% -6.00% =9.50%
• For example RPLR - 13.00% -6.00% = 7.00%
• Basics of Home Loans
• Interest Rates
• Process of Home Loans
1. Home Loan Transaction Cycle
Home Loan Requirement
2. Sanction Eligibility
It depends on monthly income.
Loan Amount =Monthly Fixed Income*50% / Per Lac EMI
Ratio divided into 2 Parts
What is Installment to Income Ratio (IIR)?
Installment to Income Ratio is also used by the lender. It is used
to generally used by the banks or the lender companies to
evaluate the eligibility of the borrower. It is very similar to FOIR.
But it is presented in the form of percentage. Under IIR, there is
a percentage of installments of home loan paid each month. This
is normally near about 50%.
IIR Formula = Monthly EMI / Gross Salary
What is Fixed Obligation to Income Ratio
• It is type of ratio which is done through bank or company
providing loans. Through FOIR, they lender tries to evaluate
the eligibility of the borrower. This ratio refers the EMI to be
paid by every month by the borrower. PF, profession tax, LIC
premium, Recurring Deposit scheme, charity to a trust etc. are
not included in it in the form of default EMI (Fixed Obligation).
FOIR Formula= Present EMI + All EMI /Gross Salary
3. Disbursement Eligibility
• Financial Institute disburse the amount against 80% of Cost of
Cost of Property =
Agreement Cost (Area x Rate) + SD + REG + MSEB +
PARKING + STAX + VAT
Aasif takes a five year loan for buying a sports bike which will cost Rs.
1,00,000 where he has to pay annual payments at a rate of 10%. Calculate his
annual payments and prepare the amortization schedule for loan repayment.
You are planning to buy a 200 square meters of land for Rs. 40,000. You will
be required to pay twenty equal annual installments of Rs. 8,213. What
compound rate of interest you would be paying?
A finance company advertises that it will pay a lump sum of Rs. 8,115 at the
end of 6 years to the investors who deposits annually Rs. 1,000 for 6 years.
What interest rate is implicit in this offer?
Babita is planning to buy a house that will cost her Rs. 90, 00,000. The bank
has agreed to give loan at 12% p.a. but bank would finance only 85% of the
cost and rest Babita is able to arrange rest through her past savings. If Babita
chooses a term of 15 years, what would be her annual instalment of loan
You are going to take a loan of Rs. 65,750 which is repayable in 5 years. If the
rate of interest charged, is 10% p.a. What would be your instalment, prepare
the amortization schedule.