Verb TensesHow to distinguish different verb     tenses when tutoring
WHY THE TOPIC?• During the tutoring session, I believe  that many tutees often write their  essays with wrong verb tenses....
IMPORTANCE FORCORRECT VERB TENSES• Clear and easy to understand• Consistency• To express the event with proper  verb tenses
HOW TO FIND THE VERB?• Underline the possible verbs that show or  imply some action.• Change the time of the sentence and ...
EDITING ADVICE• Do all the verbs belong to the time cluster  (present, past, or future) in one paragraph?• If yes, ask you...
OVERVIEW1. Present2. Past3. future
OVERVIEWA. Simple tensesB. Progressive tensesC. Perfect tensesD.*Perfect progressive tenses (decided not to cover here)
NOWPAST     FUTURE
1.ASSIGNMENTS THAT  MAY USE PRESENT TENSES• The assignment that talks about  “who I am.”• The assignment that compares the...
(1A)SIMPLE PRESENT       TENSE
MEANING• Activities or events that occurring  in the present.• Summarizing pieces of writing,  films, plays.• Stating ongo...
Verbs in the simple  present tense•   Singular:   •   Plural:•   Writes      •   Write•   Studies     •   Study•   walks  ...
(1B)PRESENTPROGRESSIVE TENSE
MEANING• One thing happened in the past,  and is in progress at the  present time, and probably will  continue.• Ex: I am ...
Examples for verbs in thepresent progressive sentences am          walking is    +     doing are         staying          ...
(1C)PRESENTPERFECT TENSE
MEANING• The action happened before  now.• The exact time is not  important.• Ex: She has already           dropped the cl...
PARTICIPLE•   wanted, turned, dropped•   hurt, come, build•   felt, gone, hidden•   blown, grown, known•   begun, rung, swum
(2)ASSIGNMENTS THAT   MAY USE PAST TENSES• The assignment that compares  the new grading system with  the old one (writing...
(2A)SIMPLE PAST TENSE
MEANING• At one particular time in  the past, it happened. It  began and ended in past.• Ex: I walked to school  this morn...
Verbs in the simple    past tense• Regular:          •   Irregular :  played, walked,   •   became, began  noticed        ...
(2B) PASTPROGRESSIVE TENSE
MEANING• One thing happened  before and was in process  at a particular time in the  past, and it continued.• Ex: I was do...
Examples for verbs in thepast progressive sentences• was            typing          +      leaving• were           working...
(2C) PAST PERFECT       TENSE
MEANING• The action was completely  done before another time  in the past.• Ex: He had already  finished his exam before I...
Verbs in the past perfect tensehad +      (participles)
PARTICIPLE•   wanted, turned, dropped•   hurt, come, build•   felt, gone, hidden•   blown, grown, known•   begun, rung, swum
(3)ASSIGNMENTS THAT MAY USE FUTURE TENESES• The assignment that talks about  what do we want to do in the  future.
(3A)SIMPLE FUTURE      TENSE
MEANING• At one particular time in  the future, it will  happen.• Ex: Jason will go to bed  at 12 o’clock.
Verbs in the simple   future tense        will     be going to
(3B)FUTUREPROGRESSIVE TENSE
MEANING• One thing will happen in the  future, and it will be in  process at a particular time  in the future, and it will...
Verbs in the futureprogressive sentences   will be +   (verb + ing)
(3B)FUTURE PERFECT       TENSE
MEANING• The action will be completely  done before another time in the  future.• Ex: Albert will already have  taken show...
Verbs in the future  perfect tensewill + have +                (participle)
PARTICIPLE•   wanted, turned, dropped•   hurt, come, build•   felt, gone, hidden•   blown, grown, known•   begun, rung, swum
MODALS
EXAMPLES FOR MODALS• to write about the wishes.• The assignment that talks  about one thing that  changes one person’s life.
What are they?•       should•        could•        would
SHOULD• Advisability• Ex: You should do your  homework instead of going to  the movies.
SHOULD• 90% certainty  (expectation)• Ex: He should attend the  meeting tomorrow.
COULD• past ability• Ex: I could get up early when   I was young.
COULD• polite request• Ex: Could you teach me with  this math problem?
COULD• suggestion (affirmative only)• Ex: You could do some  research about this topic to  see whether you have the  right...
COULD• less than 50% certainty• Ex: She could be in her  office.
COULD• impossibility (negative only)• Ex: That couldn’t be his dog  because his dog was dead  yesterday.
WOULD• polite request• Ex: Would you please pass me  the salt?
WOULD• preference• Ex: I would rather die than  get married with him.
WOULD• repeated action in the past• Ex: She would take a walk  every morning when she was  young.
WOULD• polite for “want” (with like)• Ex: I would like to have some  tea, please.
WOULD• unfulfilled wish• Ex: I would have learned more  about how to use proper verb  tenses before coming to the  U.S.
CITATION• The sources are from Betty  Schrampfer Azar’s  chartbook.
SPECIAL THANKS  EVERYONE!!
MADE BY-RISHABH          CLASS- VIII B
Rishabh 8
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Rishabh 8
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Rishabh 8

  1. 1. Verb TensesHow to distinguish different verb tenses when tutoring
  2. 2. WHY THE TOPIC?• During the tutoring session, I believe that many tutees often write their essays with wrong verb tenses.• I want to learn it myself.
  3. 3. IMPORTANCE FORCORRECT VERB TENSES• Clear and easy to understand• Consistency• To express the event with proper verb tenses
  4. 4. HOW TO FIND THE VERB?• Underline the possible verbs that show or imply some action.• Change the time of the sentence and find the word that changes.• *Some verbs may contain two words “ex: I am going to school.” (from Judy’s grammar package)
  5. 5. EDITING ADVICE• Do all the verbs belong to the time cluster (present, past, or future) in one paragraph?• If yes, ask yourself that does each verb convey precisely the time you had in mind, the relationship to other times or actions, and the idea of an action completed or in progress?• If no, look carefully at the verbs that do not fit. Is there a reason for the switch in time? Then, rewrite the verb that provides the appropriate indication of time. (from Ann Raime’s grammar toublespots)
  6. 6. OVERVIEW1. Present2. Past3. future
  7. 7. OVERVIEWA. Simple tensesB. Progressive tensesC. Perfect tensesD.*Perfect progressive tenses (decided not to cover here)
  8. 8. NOWPAST FUTURE
  9. 9. 1.ASSIGNMENTS THAT MAY USE PRESENT TENSES• The assignment that talks about “who I am.”• The assignment that compares the new grading system with the old one (writing about the new system).• The assignment that introduces ourselves.
  10. 10. (1A)SIMPLE PRESENT TENSE
  11. 11. MEANING• Activities or events that occurring in the present.• Summarizing pieces of writing, films, plays.• Stating ongoing opinions, beliefs, habits, and facts.• Ex: I ride a bike to school everyday.• (from Judy’s grammar package)
  12. 12. Verbs in the simple present tense• Singular: • Plural:• Writes • Write• Studies • Study• walks • Walk
  13. 13. (1B)PRESENTPROGRESSIVE TENSE
  14. 14. MEANING• One thing happened in the past, and is in progress at the present time, and probably will continue.• Ex: I am washing the dishes.
  15. 15. Examples for verbs in thepresent progressive sentences am walking is + doing are staying (verb + ing)
  16. 16. (1C)PRESENTPERFECT TENSE
  17. 17. MEANING• The action happened before now.• The exact time is not important.• Ex: She has already dropped the class.
  18. 18. PARTICIPLE• wanted, turned, dropped• hurt, come, build• felt, gone, hidden• blown, grown, known• begun, rung, swum
  19. 19. (2)ASSIGNMENTS THAT MAY USE PAST TENSES• The assignment that compares the new grading system with the old one (writing about the old system).• The assignment that talks about childhood.
  20. 20. (2A)SIMPLE PAST TENSE
  21. 21. MEANING• At one particular time in the past, it happened. It began and ended in past.• Ex: I walked to school this morning.
  22. 22. Verbs in the simple past tense• Regular: • Irregular : played, walked, • became, began noticed • blew, grew • thought, taught • cut, hurt, let
  23. 23. (2B) PASTPROGRESSIVE TENSE
  24. 24. MEANING• One thing happened before and was in process at a particular time in the past, and it continued.• Ex: I was doing my homework.
  25. 25. Examples for verbs in thepast progressive sentences• was typing + leaving• were working (verb + ing)
  26. 26. (2C) PAST PERFECT TENSE
  27. 27. MEANING• The action was completely done before another time in the past.• Ex: He had already finished his exam before I met him.
  28. 28. Verbs in the past perfect tensehad + (participles)
  29. 29. PARTICIPLE• wanted, turned, dropped• hurt, come, build• felt, gone, hidden• blown, grown, known• begun, rung, swum
  30. 30. (3)ASSIGNMENTS THAT MAY USE FUTURE TENESES• The assignment that talks about what do we want to do in the future.
  31. 31. (3A)SIMPLE FUTURE TENSE
  32. 32. MEANING• At one particular time in the future, it will happen.• Ex: Jason will go to bed at 12 o’clock.
  33. 33. Verbs in the simple future tense will be going to
  34. 34. (3B)FUTUREPROGRESSIVE TENSE
  35. 35. MEANING• One thing will happen in the future, and it will be in process at a particular time in the future, and it will probably continue.• Ex: Katie will be sleeping when her father comes home.
  36. 36. Verbs in the futureprogressive sentences will be + (verb + ing)
  37. 37. (3B)FUTURE PERFECT TENSE
  38. 38. MEANING• The action will be completely done before another time in the future.• Ex: Albert will already have taken shower before he goes to bed.
  39. 39. Verbs in the future perfect tensewill + have + (participle)
  40. 40. PARTICIPLE• wanted, turned, dropped• hurt, come, build• felt, gone, hidden• blown, grown, known• begun, rung, swum
  41. 41. MODALS
  42. 42. EXAMPLES FOR MODALS• to write about the wishes.• The assignment that talks about one thing that changes one person’s life.
  43. 43. What are they?• should• could• would
  44. 44. SHOULD• Advisability• Ex: You should do your homework instead of going to the movies.
  45. 45. SHOULD• 90% certainty (expectation)• Ex: He should attend the meeting tomorrow.
  46. 46. COULD• past ability• Ex: I could get up early when I was young.
  47. 47. COULD• polite request• Ex: Could you teach me with this math problem?
  48. 48. COULD• suggestion (affirmative only)• Ex: You could do some research about this topic to see whether you have the right answer.
  49. 49. COULD• less than 50% certainty• Ex: She could be in her office.
  50. 50. COULD• impossibility (negative only)• Ex: That couldn’t be his dog because his dog was dead yesterday.
  51. 51. WOULD• polite request• Ex: Would you please pass me the salt?
  52. 52. WOULD• preference• Ex: I would rather die than get married with him.
  53. 53. WOULD• repeated action in the past• Ex: She would take a walk every morning when she was young.
  54. 54. WOULD• polite for “want” (with like)• Ex: I would like to have some tea, please.
  55. 55. WOULD• unfulfilled wish• Ex: I would have learned more about how to use proper verb tenses before coming to the U.S.
  56. 56. CITATION• The sources are from Betty Schrampfer Azar’s chartbook.
  57. 57. SPECIAL THANKS EVERYONE!!
  58. 58. MADE BY-RISHABH CLASS- VIII B

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