Guided Tour Of Roman Architectural Art

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Guided Tour Of Roman Architectural Art in Nimes, France.

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Guided Tour Of Roman Architectural Art

  1. 1. ROMAN ARCHITECTURAL ART TOUR WITH STUDENT MARTIN CJ MONGIELLO
  2. 2. ROMAN ARCHITECTURAL ART TOUR WITH STUDENT MARTIN CJ MONGIELLO
  3. 3. ROMAN ARCHITECTURAL ART TOUR WITH STUDENT MARTIN CJ MONGIELLO
  4. 4. ROMAN ARCHITECTURAL ART TOUR WITH STUDENT MARTIN CJ MONGIELLO
  5. 5. ROMAN ARCHITECTURAL ART TOUR WITH STUDENT MARTIN CJ MONGIELLO
  6. 6. ROMAN ARCHITECTURAL ART TOUR WITH STUDENT MARTIN CJ MONGIELLO
  7. 7. ROMAN ARCHITECTURAL ART TOUR WITH STUDENT MARTIN CJ MONGIELLO “ The  Pont du Gard aqueduct  is one really amazing masterpiece of Roman Architecture and was built shortly before the Christian era to allow the aqueduct of Nimes (which is almost 50 km long) to cross the Gard river. The Roman architects and hydraulic engineers who designed this bridge, which stands almost 50 m high and is on three levels, the longest measuring 275 m, created a technical as well as an artistic masterpiece.” Title: Pont du Gard Artist: Augustus Date: 19 BC Location: Vers Pont du Gard, France Media: Stone http://www.wayfaring.info/category/topics/videos/page/7/
  8. 8. ROMAN ARCHITECTURAL ART TOUR WITH STUDENT MARTIN CJ MONGIELLO "This civic Roman temple was built by Agrippa, who died in 12 B.C. It was then dedicated to his two sons, Caius and Lucius, heirs of Augustus who both died very young. It shows the allegiance and loyalty of the Roman colony to the imperial dynasty. It stands on the short south side of the forum, which it dominates resting on a podium which is nearly 3 metres (10 feet) high. It was built of local limestone, but without a doubt the architect and workmen came from Rome. The source of the frieze with its acanthus scrolls is the Ara Pacis in Rome, which is the best preserved example of Augustan classicism. The ratio of short to long sides approaches 1:2 (6:11 columns), and the portico takes up almost a third of the total length." Title: Maison Carree Artist: Agrippa Date: 16 BC Location: Nimes, France Media: Cut Stone http:// www.greatbuildings.com/buildings/Maison_Carree.html
  9. 9. ROMAN ARCHITECTURAL ART TOUR WITH STUDENT MARTIN CJ MONGIELLO “ The Nîmes Arena dates back to the end of the 1st century AD and is a perfect illustration of  the degree of perfection  attained by Roman engineers in designing and constructing this type of extremely complex building.  It is oval in shape, and measures 133m long, 101m wide and 21m high .  Two quarries, Barutel and Roquemaillère (located near the town), were used to supply the stones for the construction.  The façade consists of  two levels of sixty superposed arches and an attic , separated by a cornice. At the top, pre-drilled stones were positioned to overhang so that long poles could be positioned over the arena. A huge canvas canopy was then attached to these poles, thereby providing protection for the spectators against the sun and bad weather.” Title: Nimes Arena Artist: Augustus Date: 70 AD Location: Nimes, France Media: Cut Stone http://www.arenes-nimes.com/en/nimes/41-an_exceptional_amphitheatre/
  10. 10. ROMAN ARCHITECTURAL ART TOUR WITH STUDENT MARTIN CJ MONGIELLO “ The “Tour Magne”, otherwise known as the “Grande Tour”, is  the only tower from the original town  built by Augustus to be still standing. It is located on the Mont Cavalier, the town’s highest point. It overlooks the whole plain and is a focal point for all means of communication.  The tower was originally a dry-stone oval tower similar to that of the neighbouring oppidum of Nages, with a maximum height of 18m  and already part of a rampart.  By doubling its height and incorporating it into the town walls, Augustus marked  the new power of the colony of Nîmes  over the “City” (in the territorial sense) of the Volques.” Nimes is high on anyones list to visit for architectural art! Title: Tour Magne Artist: Augustus Date: Unknown Location: Nimes, France Media: Stone http://www.arenes-nimes.com/en/nimes/69-the_magne_tower/
  11. 11. ROMAN ARCHITECTURAL ART TOUR WITH STUDENT MARTIN CJ MONGIELLO In Nîmes, on the western edge of the Jardins de la Fontaine under old trees stands the so-called temple of Diana (it was in fact not a temple), a partly ruined, but harmoniously proportioned square building, which presumably formed part of the Roman baths and has been dated to the first half of the second century on account of its decorations. The three aisles formerly had barrel-vaulting. As the building had been used as a church since the Middle Ages, it was severely damaged during the Wars of Religion and its ruins later used as building stone. Title: Temple of Diana Artist: Rome Date: Unknown Location: Nimes, France Media: Stone http://www.planetware.com/nimes/temple-de-diane-f-lr-tedi.htm
  12. 12. ROMAN ARCHITECTURAL ART TOUR WITH STUDENT MARTIN CJ MONGIELLO The Fountain Gardens were actually built up fancy in the 18 th century – and not by the Romans. However they look now, the Romans did develop and build them getting a start for their Thermae – or baths. Title: Fountain Gardens Artist: Romans Date: Unknown Location: Nimes, France Media: Stone http:// www.buffaloah.com/a/virtual/fr/nimes/index.html

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