Synthesis & transformation ak package

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  • Swimming pool vs Park. (Picnic) (Swim) different types of pools.
  • Synthesis & transformation ak package

    1. 1. Synthesis & Transformation HWS
    2. 2. These are just some examples… <ul><li>And… </li></ul><ul><li>If… </li></ul><ul><li>When… </li></ul><ul><li>Before… </li></ul><ul><li>After… </li></ul><ul><li>Both… </li></ul><ul><li>… because… </li></ul><ul><li>Direct to indirect speech </li></ul><ul><li>Active to passive </li></ul>
    3. 3. Let’s start with the simpler ones Peter likes to jog. Susan likes to jog too. Both _____________________ Peter and Susan like to jog. Learning point: Subject verb agreement.
    4. 4. Let’s start with the simpler ones It was about to rain. I took an umbrella with me. _____________ because _________ I took an umbrella with me Learning point: Logical order it was about to rain.
    5. 5. Let’s start with the simpler ones I better leave now. I want to be on time. If ______________ , ___________ I want to be on time Learning point: Logical order I better leave now
    6. 6. Let’s start with the simpler ones Nick is hungry. Nick will go to the hawker centre. When ________ , ______________ Nick is hungry Learning point: Logical order and the correct use of pronouns he will go to the hawker centre.
    7. 7. These are just some examples… <ul><li>And… </li></ul><ul><li>If… </li></ul><ul><li>When… </li></ul><ul><li>Before… </li></ul><ul><li>After… </li></ul><ul><li>Both… </li></ul><ul><li>… because… </li></ul><ul><li>Direct to indirect speech </li></ul><ul><li>Active to passive </li></ul>
    8. 8. Direct to indirect speech The teacher said, “The sun rises from the East.” The teacher said that _________________ the sun rises from the East. Learning point: For scientific facts, do not change the tenses.
    9. 9. Direct to indirect speech The teacher explained, “Light travels in a straight line.” The teacher explained that _______________ light travels in a straight line. Learning point: For scientific facts, do not change the tenses.
    10. 10. Direct to indirect speech Mr Tan tells his pupils, “I’m going to teach you how to add.” Mr Tan tells his pupils that ________________ he is going to teach them how to add. Learning point: When the reported speech is done almost immediately, tenses do not change. Correct use of pronouns
    11. 11. Direct to indirect speech Mrs Lim says, “I’m so excited.” Mrs Lim says that ________________ she is so excited. Learning point: When the reported speech is done almost immediately, tenses do not change. Correct use of pronouns
    12. 12. Direct to indirect speech Mrs Lim says, “I’m so excited.” Mrs Lim says that ________________ Mrs Lim said that ________________ she is so excited. Learning point: When reported speech is made much later, the tenses have to be changed. she was so excited.
    13. 13. Direct to indirect speech Mr Lee told his pupils, “We are having a test now.” Mr Lee told his pupils that _______________________ Learning point: When reported speech is made much later, the tenses have to be changed. Other changes include pronouns, time and modals. they were having a test then.
    14. 14. Direct to indirect speech • now ----- then • here ----- there • ago ----- before • thus ----- so • today ----- that day • tomorrow ----- the next day, the day after • yesterday ----- the day before • last night ----- the night before • this ----- that • these ----- those Time tags have to be changed!!
    15. 15. Direct to indirect speech • will ----- would • must ----- ought to / had to • shall ----- should • can ----- could • may ----- might Modals have to be changed!!
    16. 16. Synthesis & Transformation <ul><li>And… </li></ul><ul><li>If… </li></ul><ul><li>When… </li></ul><ul><li>Before… </li></ul><ul><li>After… </li></ul><ul><li>Both… </li></ul><ul><li>… because… </li></ul><ul><li>Direct to indirect speech * </li></ul><ul><li>Active to passive </li></ul>* Note: Special cases- Factual statements & reported speech made immediately.
    17. 17. Active voice to passive voice <ul><li>The burger was eaten by Puii. (Passive voice) </li></ul><ul><li>Puii ate the burger. (Active voice) </li></ul>Note : We the participle form and not past tense.
    18. 18. Do you know your participles? Present Past Participle <ul><li>write </li></ul><ul><li>wrote </li></ul><ul><li>written </li></ul><ul><li>drink </li></ul><ul><li>drank </li></ul><ul><li>drunk </li></ul><ul><li>speak </li></ul><ul><li>spoke </li></ul><ul><li>spoken </li></ul><ul><li>take </li></ul><ul><li>took </li></ul><ul><li>taken </li></ul><ul><li>run </li></ul><ul><li>ran </li></ul><ul><li>run </li></ul><ul><li>come </li></ul><ul><li>came </li></ul><ul><li>come </li></ul><ul><li>cut </li></ul><ul><li>cut </li></ul><ul><li>cut </li></ul><ul><li>put </li></ul><ul><li>put </li></ul><ul><li>put </li></ul><ul><li>mark </li></ul><ul><li>marked </li></ul><ul><li>marked </li></ul><ul><li>walk </li></ul><ul><li>walked </li></ul><ul><li>walked </li></ul>
    19. 19. Active voice to passive voice <ul><li>The test papers were marked by Mr Tan. (Passive voice) </li></ul><ul><li>Mr Tan marked the test papers yesterday. (Active voice) </li></ul>
    20. 20. Active voice to passive voice <ul><li>The test papers were marked. (Passive voice) </li></ul><ul><li>Someone marked the test papers yesterday. (Active voice) </li></ul>We use passive voice when the subject (doer) is unknown.
    21. 21. Active voice to passive voice <ul><li>The test papers were marked yesterday. (Passive voice) </li></ul><ul><li>Someone marked the test papers yesterday. (Active voice) </li></ul>We use passive voice when the subject (doer) is unknown. <ul><li>A complaint letter was written to the government. (Passive voice) </li></ul><ul><li>The people wrote a complaint letter to the government. (Active voice) </li></ul>
    22. 22. Active voice to passive voice <ul><li>The cat was eaten by (Passive voice) </li></ul><ul><li>The rat ate the cat! (Active voice) </li></ul>We use passive voice when we want to express something with a dramatic effect! the rat !
    23. 23. More examples of the effective use of passive voice <ul><li>The teacher was scolded by </li></ul>Dramatic effect! the pupil ! <ul><li>The lion was chased by </li></ul>a pussy cat ! <ul><li>The money was stolen by </li></ul>a police officer !

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