Ethics and Privacy in Learning Analytics

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Slides of the presentation given at the University Analytics Forum about how to approach privacy when deploying learning analytic systems with emphasis on what is perceived by the student.

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Ethics and Privacy in Learning Analytics

  1. 1. ChadCooperPhotosFlickr Ethics and Privacy in Learning Analytics University Analytics Forum Melbourne, 27 September 2013 Dr Abelardo Pardo (@abelardopardo) slideshare.net/abelardo_pardo
  2. 2. Dr Abelardo Pardo Ethics and Privacy in Learning Analytics 2 EleafFlickr.com If you could ask a privacy expert only one question... Which one would you ask?
  3. 3. Dr Abelardo Pardo Ethics and Privacy in Learning Analytics 3 MarkCogginsflickr.com Delicate issue!
  4. 4. Dr Abelardo Pardo Ethics and Privacy in Learning Analytics 4 Wootpeanutsflickr.com Prevents reaching a practical solution
  5. 5. Dr Abelardo Pardo Ethics and Privacy in Learning Analytics 5 Gee311flickr.com Environment Context integrity Scenarios
  6. 6. Dr Abelardo Pardo Ethics and Privacy in Learning Analytics 6 Gee311flickr.com Environment
  7. 7. Dr Abelardo Pardo Ethics and Privacy in Learning Analytics 7 dougbelshawflickr.com Ethics: set of rules that define the correctness of a specified behavior Privacy: how personal digital information is being observed by the self or distributed to other observers
  8. 8. They are using your device Dr Abelardo Pardo Ethics and Privacy in Learning Analytics 8 www.forbes.com/sites/kashmirhill/2013/09/12/e-zpasses-get-read-all-over-new-york-not-just-at-toll-booths(lastaccessedSeptember2013)
  9. 9. Dr Abelardo Pardo Ethics and Privacy in Learning Analytics 9 www.nytimes.com/interactive/2013/09/05/us/documents-reveal-nsa-campaign-against-encryption.html(lastaccessedSep.2013)
  10. 10. Dr Abelardo Pardo Ethics and Privacy in Learning Analytics 10 money.cnn.com/2013/09/05/technology/social/facebook-privacy/index.html(lastaccessedSep.2013)
  11. 11. Database with K-12 student data Dr Abelardo Pardo Ethics and Privacy in Learning Analytics 11 http://www.reuters.com/article/2013/03/03/us-education-database-idUSBRE92204W20130303(lastaccessedSep.2013)
  12. 12. Dr Abelardo Pardo Ethics and Privacy in Learning Analytics 12 deepwarrenFlickr Observe in and out of the classroom
  13. 13. Dr Abelardo Pardo Ethics and Privacy in Learning Analytics 13 www.smh.com.au/technology/technology-news/universities-monitor-online-activity-20130413-2hsj2.html(lastaccessedSep.2013)
  14. 14. Dr Abelardo Pardo Ethics and Privacy in Learning Analytics 14 Gee311flickr.com Environment Context integrity
  15. 15. Dr Abelardo Pardo Ethics and Privacy in Learning Analytics 15 anthonylibrarianFlickr Internet requires a new approach to privacy Before: Limiting surveillance, restricting access to information, curtailing intrusions into private space Additionally: How is data captured, who owns it, how is it shared?
  16. 16. Dr Abelardo Pardo Ethics and Privacy in Learning Analytics 16 Small_RealmFlickr People act in different roles and contexts Applications should respect these contexts
  17. 17. Context integrity: framework to provide guidance to solve privacy related conflicts Dr Abelardo Pardo Ethics and Privacy in Learning Analytics 17 ContextTravelflickr.com Appropriateness and distribution (Nissenbaum, H., 2004, Privacy as Contextual Integrity, Washington Law Review, 79(1))
  18. 18. Dr Abelardo Pardo Ethics and Privacy in Learning Analytics 18 Cotton|JoeFlickr Appropriateness What is collected? What is revealed? Valid in one context, invalid in another
  19. 19. Dr Abelardo Pardo Ethics and Privacy in Learning Analytics 19 johnthrmFlickr Distribution Who sees the data? When? For what purpose?
  20. 20. Dr Abelardo Pardo Ethics and Privacy in Learning Analytics 20 KarenRoeflickr.com Privacy as a currency
  21. 21. Dr Abelardo Pardo Ethics and Privacy in Learning Analytics 21 Gee311flickr.com Environment Context integrity Scenarios
  22. 22. Case 1: University Blended Course 1 Data collected in LMS and mobile app 2 Available to instructors for personalization 3 Some data considered for assessment 4 Available to other university units: counseling, recruiting, marketing 5 Analyzed retention vs demographic 6 eTextbook data available to publishers 7 Kept for ever Dr Abelardo Pardo Ethics and Privacy in Learning Analytics 22
  23. 23. Case 2: Online Course 1 Data collected in LMS 2 Available to instructors for personalization purposes 3 Analyzed performance vs demographic 4 Some data considered for assessment 5 Data used in scientific publication 6 Data made available to funding institutions 7 Students have the right to request data removal Dr Abelardo Pardo Ethics and Privacy in Learning Analytics 23
  24. 24. Ethical Principles • LA as a moral practice • Students as agents at the center • Data is temporal and dynamic • Student success is complex and multidimensional • Transparency • Institutions obliged to use data Dr Abelardo Pardo Ethics and Privacy in Learning Analytics 24 (Slade, S., Prinsloo, P. 2013, Learning Analytics: Ethical Issues and Dilemmas, American Behavioral Scientist)
  25. 25. Practical Principles 1 Transparency 2 Students as data owners 3 Data access policies 4 Accountability and assessment Dr Abelardo Pardo Ethics and Privacy in Learning Analytics 25
  26. 26. Transparency • Means to achieve legitimacy • Applied across the board • Accessible and clearly explained policies • How is data collected? • Who has access to the data? • Which processes are in place? • How long is the data valid and available? Dr Abelardo Pardo Ethics and Privacy in Learning Analytics 26 chilangocoFlickr
  27. 27. Students as Data Owners • Right to access, amend, delete data • Institutions are borrowing the data • In conflict with derived data • Affects systems design • Fixed life span of collected data Dr Abelardo Pardo Ethics and Privacy in Learning Analytics 27 ImagesofMoneyFlickr
  28. 28. • Clarify the roles when accessing data • Extend to derived data • Consider connection with research • Beware of anonymization or deidentification Dr Abelardo Pardo Ethics and Privacy in Learning Analytics 28 AaronEscobarFlickr Data Access Policies
  29. 29. Accountability and Assessment Dr Abelardo Pardo Ethics and Privacy in Learning Analytics 29 ColemanaFlickr • Each aspect has a responsible person, body, department • Process continuously under improvement • Consider all stakeholders
  30. 30. Dr Abelardo Pardo Ethics and Privacy in Learning Analytics 30 mangtronixFlickr Privacy changed in Internet era Integrity of the learning context Appropriateness and distribution, perceived value Implementation principles: Transparency Students own data Data access policies Accountability and assessment
  31. 31. ChadCooperPhotosFlickr Ethics and Privacy in Learning Analytics University Analytics Forum Melbourne, 27 September 2013 Dr Abelardo Pardo (@abelardopardo) slideshare.net/abelardo_pardo

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