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Taken from KMIS folrer

  1. 1. Photo by A. Arden<br />Sudan Ethiopia Uganda<br />(with ASARECA, CARE, Egypt, FAO, ILRI, and IWMI)<br />Nile Basin Water Productivity:Developing a shared vision for livestock productiona workshop of theCGIAR Challenge Program on Water & Food5-8 September, 2005 - Kampala, UgandaPresented by Don Peden<br />
  2. 2. Outline<br />Description of the CPWF water-livestock project in the Nile Basin<br />Workshop objectives<br />
  3. 3. PO Box 30709, Nairobi, Kenya<br />PO Box 5689, Addis Ababa. Ethiopia<br />PO Box 30709, Nairobi, Kenya<br />PO Box 5689, Addis Ababa. Ethiopia<br />PO Box 5689<br />Addis Ababa<br />Ethiopia<br />Improving Livestock Water Productivity in the Nile Basin(Project description)<br />An activity project of theCGIAR Challenge Program on Water and Food<br />Implemented byInternational Livestock Research Institute (ILRI)<br />With management support from<br />International Water Management Institute (IWMI)<br />See project brochure for details<br />
  4. 4. What is the Challenge Program on Water and Food (CPWF)?<br />Partnership:National and international research institutes, NGO and river basin communities.<br />Problem:<br />Human population and demand for food increasing<br />70% of managed fresh water already used in agriculture <br />Meeting demand for food will require more water unless water is used more efficiently or productively.<br />Global Challenge:to identify ways and means to produce more food without using more water.<br />River Basins:Yellow, Indo-Gangetic, São Francisco, Limpopo, Volta, Karkheh, Mekong, several in the Andes, and the Nile.<br />More information: www.waterforfood.org<br />
  5. 5. Why livestock & water in the Nile?<br />The Nile:<br />3.3 million km2 - 10 riparian countries.<br />180 million people. <br />200+ million cattle, sheep, goats, camels & equines.<br />Water for animal feed and human food about equal. <br />> 50 billion m3 of water each<br />Poorly managed animals contribute to degradation and contamination of water resources.<br />Livestock contribute 10 to 40% of agricultural GDP.<br />Livestock need and affect water resources but are mostly ignored in water resources development.<br />Integrated livestock & water management can enable equitable, productive and sustainable use of Nile water.<br />
  6. 6. EGYPT<br />SUDAN<br />ETHIOPIA<br />LAKE VICTORIA <br />Livestock in the Nile River Basin<br />High animal densities are found in diverse production systems Sudan, Ethiopia, Egypt and around Lake Victoria<br />
  7. 7. Livestock in the Nile River Basin<br />One TLU = 250 kg of live animal weight<br /> (equivalent to total weight of about 4 people)<br />
  8. 8. What is livestock-water productivity?<br />LWP = ratio of total value of livestock products and services to water depleted in in producing them.<br />Animal products and services include meat, milk, hides, eggs, manure, blood & farm power.<br />Water depletion is water that has been used and cannot be re-used again by the same or another user (evaporation, transpiration and discharge).<br />Based on water accounting principles.<br />
  9. 9. > Apply water accounting approach > Promote transpiration > Limit non-beneficial evaporation and discharge<br />Balanced application of three strategies needed<br /> Food<br /> crops<br /> Trees<br />Transpiration<br /> Pasture<br />In - flow<br />Drinking<br /> Run-off & <br /> Discharge<br /> Evaporation<br />LWP:<br />OUTUTS<br />Meat<br />Milk<br />Hides<br />Power<br />Manure<br />Wealth<br />Culture<br />Improved<br />feed sourcing<br />strategies<br />Animal<br />productivity<br />enhancing <br />strategies<br />Rain<br />Depletion<br />Improved<br />watering &<br />grazing<br />strategies<br />Non-<br />Beneficial<br />outputs<br />Surface <br />In-flow<br />Infiltration & <br />ground water recharge<br />
  10. 10. What management practices can improve livestock-water productivity?Examples of feed sourcing and marketing strategies<br />Make maximum sustainable use of rainfed crop residues.<br />Promote markets for crop residues and by products from irrigation systems<br />
  11. 11. What management practices can improve livestock-water productivity?Examples of improved watering<br />Separate animals from domestic water sources.<br />Improved animal watering practices with proper drinking troughs to protect wells.<br />
  12. 12. What management practices can improve livestock-water productivity?Example of improved grazing<br />Shift from un-controlled grazing to zero grazing.<br />
  13. 13. What management practices can improve livestock-water productivity?Examples of enhancing animal productivity<br />Provide veterinary care to control water-borne zoonotic diseases<br />Utilize indigenous breeds adapted to water stress<br />Uganda - Ankole<br />Sudan - Kenana<br />
  14. 14. What is the role of Uganda?<br />Makerere University and NARO<br />Enhance understanding of livestock needs for and impact on water in:<br />Uganda’s livestock corridor<br />Mixed crop-livestock systems near L. Victoria<br />Urban and peri-urban area.<br />Contribute to a synthesis designed to identify win-win options for Nile countries.<br />
  15. 15. CPWF goal: more food security & less poverty through improved <br />Project objectives:<br />Increase livestock water productivity through better policy, technology and NRM practices.<br />Household and community based innovations that improve farmers’ and herders’ livelihoods.<br />Capacity Build for integrated water & livestock development. <br />For the benefit of the peoples and countries <br />of the Nile Basin. <br />
  16. 16. How will managing livestock-water productivity help people and the environment?<br />Applying new knowledge about livestock water productivity through integrated livestock and water management will <br />help ensure more productive, effective, equitable, and sustainable use of water resources in the Nile River basin.<br />
  17. 17. Who are our partners?<br />ASARECA – Animal Agric. Research Network<br />CARE Ethiopia<br />Ethiopian Agricultural Research Organization<br />Ethiopian Rain Water Harvesting Association<br />International Livestock Research Institute<br />International Water Management Institute<br />Makerere University, Uganda<br />Ministry of Science and Technology, Sudan<br />National Agricultural Research Organization, Uganda<br />Nile Basin Society<br />UN Food and Agricultural Organization <br />
  18. 18. Who are the investors?<br />Denmark<br />European Union<br />France<br />Germany<br />IFAD<br />International Foundation for Science<br />Netherlands<br />Norway<br />Sweden<br />Switzerland<br />United Kingdom<br />USA<br />World Bank<br />
  19. 19. Workshop Objectives<br />To consolidate our multi-national research team<br />To achieve a common understanding of the project goals and what our roles will be<br />To confirm the most important research questions to be tackled<br />To enable the country and basin research teams to implement their respective project components to share data and results.<br />To start work with collaborators and stakeholders<br />
  20. 20. Thank you!<br />For more information, refer to the brochure included in your workshop folder.<br />