Designing Library Spaces
Setting the mood… Find one image that symbolizes the physical environment or mood you want to present in your school libra...
You know your  library needs a makeover  when…
Number 5 The poster next to your circulation desk used to be orange, but has faded to an unappealing shade of pink
Number 4 Things have been stored in “temporary” places for so long that your students and staff think that’s where they be...
Number 3 The celebrities in your posters are so uncool that the teachers are the only ones who recognize them.
Number 2 The duct tape holding your posters up disintegrates and showers down on you as you pull them off the walls
And the number 1 clue your library needs a makeover…. The art teacher who painted the pictures in your library is not just...
Who cares? <ul><li>Students will think that because a library looks dated, it IS dated.  It won’t matter how new your coll...
 
When planning a renovation or revitalization….
Take the time to study how your current space is used
Weed your collection before a rearrangement, renovation or rebuild
Survey your faculty & student about what’s missing from your current library
Visit other libraries for ideas
Project & Predict: how might your user’s needs and your needs change in 5 years?  10?  20?
Find a library building consultant Fred Schlipf,  Building Consultant Web Site: http://www.librarybuildingconsultants.com/...
Take 2 X 2 Consider the library spaces you know for children & teens. List 2 things that work List 2 things that need work
Sharing Spaces A Library Tour
There are several types of library space: <ul><li>Entrance space </li></ul><ul><li>Study area & relaxed reading space </li...
First Impressions: The Entrance
 
What to keep in  mind <ul><li>The entrance to the library should reflect its important role in the school.  Make sure the ...
What to do <ul><li>GET RID OF THE CLUTTER! </li></ul><ul><li>Get rid of out of date pictures, mirrors, and equipment </li>...
 
Cost $2.50 for binder clips
 
 
Cost:  paint for murals
Study Area Relaxed Reading Area
 
What to keep in mind <ul><li>Students don’t study in a library atmosphere at home </li></ul><ul><li>It’s easier to concent...
Occupancy Have a good idea of the number of students who will using your library at a time; plan for occupancy
What to do <ul><li>Put something interesting on the walls </li></ul><ul><li>Arrange a distinct study area where students c...
 
 
Cost: Appx $25 for posters, $70 for rocking chair, $5.99 for plant
Cost: $35 for Elvis, appx $20 for tree decorations
Cost: appx $300 for heavy-duty bean bag chairs; $70 for display cube
Cost: Floor Rockers $100 each; display cube $70
Cost: Café tables/chairs $300; circle chairs $50 each; rug $25; Teen favorites/graphic novel signs $25 ea.; posters $12 each
 
Class Work Area
 
What to Keep in Mind <ul><li>Students need to interact with each other to learn </li></ul><ul><li>Students are lazy.  Make...
What To Do <ul><li>Add new wall decorations </li></ul><ul><li>Get rid of clutter </li></ul><ul><li>Get rid of huge study t...
 
Cost: $10 ea. for posters
 
 
Computer Areas
 
Integrated Technology Have a thorough understanding of the technological requirements of the space, including anticipated ...
What to keep in  mind <ul><li>Technology spaces need to be flexible – we don’t know what our tech needs will be in the fut...
What to do <ul><li>Keep the computers clean </li></ul><ul><li>Try different (unconventional?) arrangements for technology ...
 
 
 
While you’re away… What do you think is the #1 thing you could do to improve a library space?
Staff Work Space
 
 
What to keep in  mind <ul><li>Don’t build a fortress – make the circulation desk approachable </li></ul><ul><li>Don’t hide...
What to do <ul><li>Decorate the circ desk </li></ul><ul><li>Put displays near the circ station & library sign-in sheet so ...
 
 
 
 
 
Collection Areas
 
Shelving systems Depending on the particular needs of a library space, shelving systems can be integrated into the design ...
What to keep in  mind <ul><li>Collection space is for research and for browsing </li></ul><ul><li>Things need to be easy t...
What to do <ul><li>Shelf read – keep the books in order </li></ul><ul><li>Create appealing signs to help students find mat...
 
 
 
Meeting Space &  Special Use Space
 
 
What to keep in  mind <ul><li>Your library will need to serve a variety of different needs & patrons, sometimes at the sam...
Acoustic and Visual Privacy Library space types will typically include reading and private work/study areas that require a...
What to do <ul><li>Don’t be afraid to make changes when needs change. </li></ul><ul><li>Make all spaces appealing – don’t ...
 
 
With your group…. <ul><li>Consider the library area and tips we just discussed </li></ul><ul><li>Pick one area that you ca...
Getting Ideas
Getting Ideas <ul><li>Use your students as resources – ask for their suggestions, use their artwork and other class work f...
Getting Stuff
Getting Stuff <ul><li>Pick up furniture secondhand  </li></ul><ul><li>Ask for furniture donations from the public (be spec...
Cost: $2 for fabric; letters found
Cost: free
Getting Stuff Done
Getting Stuff Done <ul><li>Take all posters and decorations down at the end of each year.  This forces you to change thing...
Cost: $35 Elvis; $20 tree decorations, $25 poster at Kinko’s
Finding Space
Finding Space <ul><li>Move things around – experiment </li></ul><ul><li>Use tops of shelves, sides of bookcases – any blan...
Displays
Displays <ul><li>A display can brighten an area as well as entice students to use library resources </li></ul><ul><li>Thin...
Cost: Free
 
Starting from Scratch What are some of the things you’ll need to think about when designing a library from scratch?
Heavy floor loads Library stacks and records storage are typically designed for a 150 lbs per square foot load.
Special Lighting Establishing lighting zones at the beginning of the design process. Differentiate between the lighting ne...
 
Coming Up… <ul><li>On-campus Day </li></ul><ul><li>Scenario 4 & Portfolio due July 21st </li></ul>
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CI 440: Library Facilities

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  • http://www.flickr.com/photos/64888422@N03/sets/ Take about 10 minutes to browse the sets. Discussion?!?
  • http://www.flickr.com/photos/64888422@N03/sets/
  • CI 440: Library Facilities

    1. 1. Designing Library Spaces
    2. 2. Setting the mood… Find one image that symbolizes the physical environment or mood you want to present in your school library. Paste it onto the whiteboard.
    3. 3. You know your library needs a makeover when…
    4. 4. Number 5 The poster next to your circulation desk used to be orange, but has faded to an unappealing shade of pink
    5. 5. Number 4 Things have been stored in “temporary” places for so long that your students and staff think that’s where they belong.
    6. 6. Number 3 The celebrities in your posters are so uncool that the teachers are the only ones who recognize them.
    7. 7. Number 2 The duct tape holding your posters up disintegrates and showers down on you as you pull them off the walls
    8. 8. And the number 1 clue your library needs a makeover…. The art teacher who painted the pictures in your library is not just retired, but deceased.
    9. 9. Who cares? <ul><li>Students will think that because a library looks dated, it IS dated. It won’t matter how new your collection is. </li></ul><ul><li>Making the place visually appealing to students will make them want to be there </li></ul><ul><li>Neglect of your library’s appearance is interpreted as neglect of the library program </li></ul>
    10. 11. When planning a renovation or revitalization….
    11. 12. Take the time to study how your current space is used
    12. 13. Weed your collection before a rearrangement, renovation or rebuild
    13. 14. Survey your faculty & student about what’s missing from your current library
    14. 15. Visit other libraries for ideas
    15. 16. Project & Predict: how might your user’s needs and your needs change in 5 years? 10? 20?
    16. 17. Find a library building consultant Fred Schlipf, Building Consultant Web Site: http://www.librarybuildingconsultants.com/ Contact distributors; many have consultants on staff with training in interior design & decorating (Brodart, Ingram, Demco) – often they will consult with you for free in hopes you’ll buy from them
    17. 18. Take 2 X 2 Consider the library spaces you know for children & teens. List 2 things that work List 2 things that need work
    18. 19. Sharing Spaces A Library Tour
    19. 20. There are several types of library space: <ul><li>Entrance space </li></ul><ul><li>Study area & relaxed reading space </li></ul><ul><li>Class work area </li></ul><ul><li>Computer areas </li></ul><ul><li>Staff work space </li></ul><ul><li>Collection space </li></ul><ul><li>Meeting space & special use space </li></ul>
    20. 21. First Impressions: The Entrance
    21. 23. What to keep in mind <ul><li>The entrance to the library should reflect its important role in the school. Make sure the kids know they are entering an important place </li></ul><ul><li>Use the entry to re-enforce the library’s message: students are welcome here </li></ul>
    22. 24. What to do <ul><li>GET RID OF THE CLUTTER! </li></ul><ul><li>Get rid of out of date pictures, mirrors, and equipment </li></ul><ul><li>Add color </li></ul><ul><li>Make the entrance student friendly – artwork, displays, posters, bulletin boards, etc. </li></ul>
    23. 26. Cost $2.50 for binder clips
    24. 29. Cost: paint for murals
    25. 30. Study Area Relaxed Reading Area
    26. 32. What to keep in mind <ul><li>Students don’t study in a library atmosphere at home </li></ul><ul><li>It’s easier to concentrate when you’re comfortable </li></ul><ul><li>Silence bothers kids more than noise </li></ul>
    27. 33. Occupancy Have a good idea of the number of students who will using your library at a time; plan for occupancy
    28. 34. What to do <ul><li>Put something interesting on the walls </li></ul><ul><li>Arrange a distinct study area where students can be away from classes who are doing research </li></ul><ul><li>Add some comfortable furniture </li></ul><ul><li>Play music </li></ul><ul><li>Put fun reading materials in this area </li></ul><ul><li>Do not create too many rules for the area. Let students relax; try telling them what they CAN do here instead of what they can’t </li></ul>
    29. 37. Cost: Appx $25 for posters, $70 for rocking chair, $5.99 for plant
    30. 38. Cost: $35 for Elvis, appx $20 for tree decorations
    31. 39. Cost: appx $300 for heavy-duty bean bag chairs; $70 for display cube
    32. 40. Cost: Floor Rockers $100 each; display cube $70
    33. 41. Cost: Café tables/chairs $300; circle chairs $50 each; rug $25; Teen favorites/graphic novel signs $25 ea.; posters $12 each
    34. 43. Class Work Area
    35. 45. What to Keep in Mind <ul><li>Students need to interact with each other to learn </li></ul><ul><li>Students are lazy. Make sure all research materials (reference collection, computers, etc.) are close at hand. </li></ul>
    36. 46. What To Do <ul><li>Add new wall decorations </li></ul><ul><li>Get rid of clutter </li></ul><ul><li>Get rid of huge study tables, allowing for more small group activity (6-8 students at a table is too many!) and more classes </li></ul><ul><li>Move reference area and computers closer to class study area – make area convenient for students to use </li></ul>
    37. 48. Cost: $10 ea. for posters
    38. 51. Computer Areas
    39. 53. Integrated Technology Have a thorough understanding of the technological requirements of the space, including anticipated future needs.
    40. 54. What to keep in mind <ul><li>Technology spaces need to be flexible – we don’t know what our tech needs will be in the future </li></ul><ul><li>Students need access to computers, but access needs to be supervised </li></ul>
    41. 55. What to do <ul><li>Keep the computers clean </li></ul><ul><li>Try different (unconventional?) arrangements for technology </li></ul><ul><li>Keep cord clutter out of sight </li></ul><ul><li>Get rid of equipment that doesn’t work </li></ul>
    42. 59. While you’re away… What do you think is the #1 thing you could do to improve a library space?
    43. 60. Staff Work Space
    44. 63. What to keep in mind <ul><li>Don’t build a fortress – make the circulation desk approachable </li></ul><ul><li>Don’t hide out in your office – students won’t come find you there. </li></ul><ul><li>Encourage “impulse buys” at the check out counter </li></ul><ul><li>Clutter isn’t appealing </li></ul>
    45. 64. What to do <ul><li>Decorate the circ desk </li></ul><ul><li>Put displays near the circ station & library sign-in sheet so kids will check them out </li></ul><ul><li>Make sure you can see the whole library from the circ desk </li></ul><ul><li>Get rid of the clutter – create a space to store your work </li></ul><ul><li>Create a space for yourself at the desk so you can work comfortable there. </li></ul><ul><li>Clean out your storage room & keep it clean! </li></ul>
    46. 70. Collection Areas
    47. 72. Shelving systems Depending on the particular needs of a library space, shelving systems can be integrated into the design of the room or installed as modular and adaptable units.
    48. 73. What to keep in mind <ul><li>Collection space is for research and for browsing </li></ul><ul><li>Things need to be easy to find </li></ul><ul><li>The collection needs to be visually appealing </li></ul><ul><li>Shelf space should be adequate </li></ul>
    49. 74. What to do <ul><li>Shelf read – keep the books in order </li></ul><ul><li>Create appealing signs to help students find materials </li></ul><ul><li>Weed - shelves should only be about 2/3 full </li></ul><ul><li>Use empty shelf space & shelf tops to display books, plants & student art </li></ul><ul><li>Make sure collection area is well lit </li></ul>
    50. 78. Meeting Space & Special Use Space
    51. 81. What to keep in mind <ul><li>Your library will need to serve a variety of different needs & patrons, sometimes at the same time </li></ul><ul><li>Space needs to be flexible – create zones </li></ul><ul><li>Students, teachers, administrators & visitors will use your space. </li></ul><ul><li>Watch how the space is used to anticipate needs </li></ul>
    52. 82. Acoustic and Visual Privacy Library space types will typically include reading and private work/study areas that require acoustic and visual separation from general circulation and work areas.
    53. 83. What to do <ul><li>Don’t be afraid to make changes when needs change. </li></ul><ul><li>Make all spaces appealing – don’t turn areas designated for other things into overflow storage </li></ul><ul><li>Provide for the needs of the people using the space – whiteboards, markers, TV/DVD player </li></ul>
    54. 86. With your group…. <ul><li>Consider the library area and tips we just discussed </li></ul><ul><li>Pick one area that you can see well in your photos </li></ul><ul><li>(entrance, relaxed reading area, class workspace, computer area, staff workspace, collection area, meeting/special use space) </li></ul><ul><li>What’s working in this area? </li></ul><ul><li>What’s not? </li></ul><ul><li>What could be done for cheap/free to improve this space? </li></ul><ul><li>What could be done if you had some money </li></ul><ul><li>(say a couple of thousand $$?) </li></ul>
    55. 87. Getting Ideas
    56. 88. Getting Ideas <ul><li>Use your students as resources – ask for their suggestions, use their artwork and other class work for free decorations </li></ul><ul><li>Consider surveying your students to see what they want, or form a Student Advisory Board and ask them for suggestions – and not just about decorating! </li></ul><ul><li>Give students digital cameras and ask them to take pictures of their favorite spaces – then use the photos for inspiration </li></ul><ul><li>Consider using a theme to pull together your decorating: sports, the 1960s, the jungle, etc. </li></ul><ul><li>Use magazines, student lockers, fashion and fads for inspiration </li></ul><ul><li>Have fun – think like a student </li></ul>
    57. 89. Getting Stuff
    58. 90. Getting Stuff <ul><li>Pick up furniture secondhand </li></ul><ul><li>Ask for furniture donations from the public (be specific about needs, requirements, etc.) </li></ul><ul><li>Get on corporate donation lists </li></ul><ul><li>Use common items in creative ways </li></ul><ul><li>Use fine $ and/or $ from fundraisers to buy new stuff you can’t get free or secondhand </li></ul><ul><li>Repurpose what you have </li></ul>
    59. 91. Cost: $2 for fabric; letters found
    60. 92. Cost: free
    61. 93. Getting Stuff Done
    62. 94. Getting Stuff Done <ul><li>Take all posters and decorations down at the end of each year. This forces you to change things at least once a year </li></ul><ul><li>Try to accomplish one “decorating” task per week – you’ll be amazed at how much you get done by the end of the year </li></ul><ul><li>Save big tasks for early dismissal days, institute days or P/T conferences </li></ul>
    63. 95. Cost: $35 Elvis; $20 tree decorations, $25 poster at Kinko’s
    64. 96. Finding Space
    65. 97. Finding Space <ul><li>Move things around – experiment </li></ul><ul><li>Use tops of shelves, sides of bookcases – any blank or empty space is fair game for decorating </li></ul><ul><li>Think vertical – stack things (milk crates, bins, pedestals, etc) </li></ul><ul><li>Use portable displays, furniture, etc. so you can move things around to accommodate new situations </li></ul><ul><li>Use the ceiling – be 3-D </li></ul><ul><li>A separate recreational reading area doesn’t have to be large, but it’ll make a huge impact and say a lot about students being welcome in the library </li></ul>
    66. 98. Displays
    67. 99. Displays <ul><li>A display can brighten an area as well as entice students to use library resources </li></ul><ul><li>Think impulse buy – put new book or themed book displays near the circ desk, sign in sheet, computers – anywhere that is a high traffic area </li></ul><ul><li>Incorporate other objects into book displays to add visual appeal </li></ul><ul><li>Make sure themed book displays are of themes that are interesting to students – figure out what’s hot now, or ask a student to do the display </li></ul><ul><li>Change and replenish displays frequently – keep your students looking </li></ul><ul><li>Use the ends of bookshelves to display books – make your entire fiction section a book display </li></ul>
    68. 100. Cost: Free
    69. 102. Starting from Scratch What are some of the things you’ll need to think about when designing a library from scratch?
    70. 103. Heavy floor loads Library stacks and records storage are typically designed for a 150 lbs per square foot load.
    71. 104. Special Lighting Establishing lighting zones at the beginning of the design process. Differentiate between the lighting needs for shelving, circulation, reading and workrooms. Consider energy efficient lighting.
    72. 106. Coming Up… <ul><li>On-campus Day </li></ul><ul><li>Scenario 4 & Portfolio due July 21st </li></ul>

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