Hepatitis B Vaccination: First Dose Uptake for Neonates in Al-Jahra

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Study done by Dr.Abdulrahman Lotfy Hepatitis B Vaccination:
First Dose Uptake for Neonates in Al-Jahra Hospital
State of Kuwait
1999-2001

Published in: Health & Medicine
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Hepatitis B Vaccination: First Dose Uptake for Neonates in Al-Jahra

  1. 1. Abdulrahman, A.L., and Rakhawy, Y.M. Public Health Services, Jahra Health Area, Ministry of Health. OCTOBER 2002. . Hepatitis B Vaccination: First Dose Uptake for Neonates in Al-Jahra Hospital State of Kuwait 1999-2001
  2. 2. Hepatitis B vaccine <ul><li>Safe, effective and well tolerated. </li></ul><ul><li>Effectiveness ( 97%-99%) </li></ul><ul><li>Recommended by WHO in 1992 . </li></ul><ul><li>First recommended in USA in November 1991 . </li></ul><ul><li>Introduced in Kuwait in January 1990. </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>Yeast derived recombinant DNA. </li></ul><ul><li>Heat stable, stored at 37 degree C. </li></ul><ul><li>Dose 10 IU given on 0,2,6 months. </li></ul><ul><li>Sero-conversion 95-99%. </li></ul>Vaccine … the action
  4. 4. .
  5. 5. Hepatitis B cases in Kuwait
  6. 6. Objectives <ul><li>Document newborn vaccination coverage of first dose. </li></ul><ul><li>Increase likelihood of hepatitis B vaccine series completion. </li></ul><ul><li>Evaluate policy of immunization program at hospital. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Material and Methods <ul><li>1. Vaccination of newborns. </li></ul><ul><li>2. Recording. </li></ul><ul><li>3. Data collection. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Immunization records. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Statistical data, </li></ul></ul><ul><li>4. Data analysis and calculation of coverage rate. </li></ul>
  8. 8. NUMBER OF BABIES BORNE AT HOSPITAL (1999-2001)
  9. 10. .
  10. 11. HIGH COVERAGE…WHY? <ul><li>. </li></ul>PREVENTIVE MEDICINE NURSING STAFF 1 . WRITTEN POLICY. 2. AVAILABLE FREE VACCINE. 3. CONTINUOUS EDUCATION. 4. FOLLOW UP. 1. EDUCATIONAL PROGRAMMES. 2. RAISING UNDERSTANDING LEVEL. 3. GOOD DUTY COVER.
  11. 12. WHY … FIRST DOSE? <ul><li>EARLY INITIATION OF 3-DOSE VACCINE. </li></ul><ul><li>TO ENSURE IMMEDIATE PROPHYLAXIS. </li></ul><ul><li>HIGHER PROBABILITY OF COMPLETING HBV SERIES AND OTHER VACCINES. </li></ul><ul><li>( Yusuf et al.,USA, 2000, JAMA) </li></ul>
  12. 13. COVERAGE IN OTHER COUNTRIES
  13. 14. CAUSES OF LOW COVERAGE RATE 1 2 3 HIGH COST INSUFFICIENT SUPPLY FACULTATIVE SYSTEM .
  14. 15. RECOMMENDATIONS <ul><li>FURTHUR STUDIES TO EVALUATE FACTORS AFFECTING COVERAGE. </li></ul><ul><li>STUDY ASSOCIATION BETWEEN FIRST DOSE INTAKE AND COMPLETION OF VACCINE SERIES. </li></ul>
  15. 16. CONCLUSION <ul><li>A REMARKABLE ACHIEVEMENT HAS BEEN MADE IN THE FIELD OF HBV COVERAGE OF THE NEWBORN AT HOSPITAL ACCORDING TO THE POLICY OF </li></ul><ul><li>KUWAIT MINISTRY OF HEALTH. </li></ul>
  16. 17. THANK YOU

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