Earthquake Awareness


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  • working for making vulnerable groups esp school children to know wat to do in case disaster like EQ happen...a government employee and a disaster worker
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Earthquake Awareness

  2. 2. Earthquakes are one of the most frightening and destructive phenomena of nature, strike suddenly, violently, and without warning . If an earthquake occurs in a populated area, it may cause many deaths and injuries and extensive property damage
  3. 3. Earthquake is a sudden slipping or movement of a portion of the earth’s crust accompanied and followed by a series of vibrations. What is an Earthquake?
  4. 4. Tectonic Plates and Faults
  5. 5. Before After 1935 – Earthquake struck Quetta (Pakistan) 40,000 - 60,000 killed & thousands injured 30 seconds
  6. 6. Bhuj was the worst affected, 90% of the buildings had been damaged, and power supplies and the telephone system were down. Gujarat (India) Earthquake 2001 Over 20,000 persons reported dead and about 1.7 Lakhs injured 3,39,000 buildings/houses collapsed and partially damaged
  7. 7. <ul><li>Millions of people have been affected. </li></ul><ul><li>Communities of 12 Countries have been effected. </li></ul>TSUNAMI HIT COASTAL BELT OF SOUTH-EAST ASIA SUNDAY 26 TH DEC. 2004 <ul><li>Thousands of people have been dead. </li></ul><ul><li>Thousands of survivors have been left homeless. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Area Affected: 30000 sq km Population Affected: 3.5 million Human Loss: 87000 plus Injured: 77000 plus Houses: 70% destroyed 30% damaged Families affected: 500,000 STRONG EARTHQUAKE STRUCK KASHMIR & NORTHERN PAKISTAN
  9. 9. CHINA EARTHQUAKE May 12, 2008 More than 60,000 killed and thousands injured
  10. 10. “ Earthquakes don’t kill people” “ Un-safe buildings do”
  11. 11. Before the Tremor Secure heavy furnishings and keep heavy objects on lower shelves
  12. 12. Before the Tremor Secure your water heater with wall and floor
  13. 13. Do not hang heavy items such as decorative items, fancy lights, pictures and mirrors above beds or seating areas. Before the Tremor
  14. 14. Store weed killers, pesticides, and flammable products securely in closed cabinets with latches and on bottom shelves. Before the Tremor
  15. 15. Check roofs and wall foundation for stability Before the Tremor
  16. 16. Repair defective electrical wiring and leaky gas connections Before the Tremor
  17. 17. Develop an emergency survival Kit Food items (rice, noodles, canned food, milk power, beverages, water) Solid fuel and matches – A First Aid Kit – A portable battery-operated transistor radio. Before the Tremor
  18. 18. Keep list of Emergency phone numbers, Police Help, Fire Service, Ambulance Service , Rescue , Electric Dept. & Gas Dept. Before the Tremor
  19. 19. Decide where family members will reunite if separated Before the Tremor
  20. 20. Ground shaking in earthquake is lasting for not more than 15-30 seconds During these few seconds, stay calm, do not run or panic. When a Tremor Occurs
  21. 21. If indoor, stay indoor, where you are. Most injuries occur as people are entering or leaving buildings. Minimize your movements to a few steps to reach a nearby safe place Know the danger & safe spot in home When a Tremor Occurs
  22. 22. Take shelter under a sturdy table, desk or bed and protect your head and face as that will provide you with provide you with air space and protection against falling objects. When a Tremor Occurs
  23. 23. Stay away from windows, doors, walls, display shelves and anything that could fall and hurt you, like lightings, furniture or fixtures. When a Tremor Occurs
  24. 24. Do not use elevators, use stairways in multi-story buildings When a Tremor Occurs
  25. 25. <ul><li>If you are outdoors, stay away from buildings, trees and overhead electrical cables. </li></ul><ul><li>Remain in the open until the tremor stops. </li></ul> When a Tremor Occurs
  26. 26. If you are driving, stop as quickly as safety permits. Stay in your vehicle. Avoid stopping near or under trees, buildings, bridges, over passes or overhead electrical cables. Proceed cautiously after the event – watching for road and bridge damage When a Tremor Occurs
  27. 27. Check yourself and others for injuries… administer first aid quickly and carefully When a Tremor Occurs
  28. 28. After the Tremor Stops Do not use candles, matches or other naked flames during and after the tremor, as there might be a gas leak.
  29. 29. Do not touch any damaged electrical wiring. Also, report to concerned authorities. Learn how to cut off utilities After the Tremor Stops
  30. 30. Check your home for any structural defects. Repair any deep cracks in ceilings or foundations. Get expert advice if there are signs of structural defects. After the Tremor Stops
  31. 31. Use the telephone to report life-threatening emergencies only After the Tremor Stops
  32. 32. <ul><li>Be prepared for aftershocks which may cause additional damage and may bring weakened structures down. </li></ul><ul><li>Aftershocks may occur hours, days, weeks, or even months after the quake. </li></ul>After the Tremor Stops
  33. 33. Enhancing Your Survivability If Trapped Under Rubble/Debris
  34. 34. <ul><li>Avoid unnecessary movement so that you don’t kick up dust. </li></ul><ul><li>Maintain moral and fighting sprits high. </li></ul><ul><li>Periodically move your fingers and toes to ensure blood circulation. </li></ul>Trapped under debris
  35. 35. Cover your Mouth and Nose with anything you have on hand. Try to breath through the available Cotton material. Trapped under debris
  36. 36. Do not shout; shout only as a last resort. Shout can cause a person to inhale dangerous amounts of dust. Trapped under debris
  37. 37. <ul><li>Tap on a pipe or wall so that rescuers can hear where you are. </li></ul><ul><li>If available use a flashlight to signal your location. </li></ul> Trapped under debris
  38. 38. Classes of Earthquake <ul><li>There are three classes of earthquake that are known & recognized as, tectonic, volcanic and artificially produced </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Tectonic: Tectonic quake are by far the most common, devastating and most difficult to predict. They are caused by stresses set up by movements of a dozen or so huge plates that form the earth’s crusts. Most earthquakes occur at the boundaries of these plates. Where two plates slides over and collides against each other; some earthquakes do occur in the middle of plates. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Volcanic: Volcanic quakes are seldom very large or destructive; they often precede or accompany volcanic eruption. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Artificial: Artificially produced earthquake are EQ induced by activities such as the filling of new reservoir or the pumping of fluid deep into the earth through wells. This type of EQ can be noticeable but are hardly destructive. </li></ul></ul>
  39. 39. <ul><li>Earthquakes are one of the most destructive of natural hazards. They may occur at any time of year, day or night, with sudden impact and little warning. Destroy buildings and or damage structure of the building, bridges, communications </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Loss of human lives </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Dense casualties/injuries </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Extensive property damages </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Disruption/Disturbance to normal human life activities </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Destabilize the government, economy and social structure of a country </li></ul></ul>Affects of Earthquake
  40. 40. <ul><li>Surface rupture-Fault movements can break the ground surface, damaging buildings and other structures. </li></ul>Destruction of Earthquake
  41. 41. <ul><li>Damaged bridges, pipelines, power lines, and roads. </li></ul><ul><li>Earthquakes often damage roads, hindering rescue and recovery efforts and causing accidents. </li></ul><ul><li>Water and sewer pipeline breaks result in water loss and can cause “sinkholes” that undermine roads and buildings. </li></ul><ul><li>Damage to natural gas and electrical distribution systems can cause fires, as well as major service outages. </li></ul>EARTHQUAKE IMPACT
  42. 42. <ul><li>Earthquakes can trigger landslides that damage roads, buildings, pipelines, and other infrastructure. </li></ul>Earthquake Impact: Landslides
  43. 43. Earthquake Impact: Hazardous material releases <ul><li>Earthquake damage can cause releases of hazardous materials from refineries and other chemical storage and distribution systems, research and industrial laboratories, manufacturing plants, and railroad tank cars. </li></ul>
  44. 44. Earthquake Impact: Dam failures <ul><li>Earthquake shaking can cause dams to fail causing flooding and reduced water supplies. </li></ul><ul><li>In addition, many dams provide hydroelectric power, which could be critically needed following a quake. </li></ul>
  45. 45. Earthquake Effects: Ground Shaking
  46. 46. <ul><li>Tsunamis </li></ul><ul><li>Land faulting </li></ul><ul><li>Fire </li></ul><ul><li>Liquefaction </li></ul><ul><li>Epidemic </li></ul>Secondary Affects of Earthquake
  47. 47. <ul><li>Great earthquakes occurring anywhere in the Pacific Ocean </li></ul><ul><li>may displace the ocean floor, generating tsunamis </li></ul><ul><li>that could affect the coastal areas. </li></ul>Earthquake Secondary Effects: Tsunamis
  48. 48. Earthquake Secondary Effects: Land Faulting
  49. 49. <ul><li>Gas lines break, </li></ul><ul><li>Electrical shorts ignite fires, </li></ul><ul><li>Damaged water tanks and broken pipes limit water for firefighting, and </li></ul><ul><li>Clogged roads and collapsed bridges prevent firefighter access. </li></ul><ul><li>These factors can lead to fires spreading, causing extensive additional damage and burning entire neighborhoods. </li></ul>Earthquakes in urban areas are often followed by destructive fires because - Earthquake Secondary Effects: FIRES
  50. 50. <ul><li>Earthquake shaking can cause soils to behave like a liquid and lose their ability to support structures. Liquefaction often causes buried gas and water lines to break. The highest hazard is in low-lying areas where there are loose, sandy soils or poorly compacted artificial fill. </li></ul>Earthquake Secondary Effects: Liquefaction
  51. 51. Earthquake Secondary Effects: Epidemic
  52. 52. Thank you for your time <ul><li>Bandaging </li></ul><ul><li>Basic Rescue Knots </li></ul><ul><li>Earthquake Awareness </li></ul><ul><li>Fire Safety </li></ul><ul><li>First Aid </li></ul><ul><li>First Aider </li></ul><ul><li>Hazards & Types of Disasters </li></ul><ul><li>Kids & Emergency </li></ul><ul><li>Kitchen Fire </li></ul><ul><li>Light Search & Rescue </li></ul><ul><li>Tips for Home Fire Safety </li></ul><ul><li>Water Rescue Techniques </li></ul><ul><li>Wounds & Bleeding </li></ul>More Presentations: For More Topics: