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Healthcare considerations in Ramadan

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Discover Islam presentation about Ramadan and fasting delivered to NHS Healthcare professionals. Clear contextual and cultural understanding of Ramadan and fasting. Health advice and guidance about common medical matters including diabetes, migraines, and dehydration.

Published in: Health & Medicine
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Healthcare considerations in Ramadan

  1. 1. RAMADAN C o m p i l e d b y m e d i c a l e x p e r t s , I s l a m i c s c h o l a r s & r e s e a r c h e r s HEALTHCARE CONSIDERATIONS IN www.discover-islam.org.uk
  2. 2. WHAT’S THE PLAN? 1  What is Ramadan Meaning, purpose & importance 2  Rules of fasting Who can fast, Do’s and don’ts 3  Health issues in Ramadan Medical conditions
  3. 3. THOUGHTS your
  4. 4. { } ‫رﻣﻀﺎن‬
  5. 5. { } ‫رﻣﻀﺎن‬ =scorching heat
  6. 6. How does this meaning make sense?
  7. 7. The best things are heated products Purification
  8. 8. MOON MONTHS12   1.  Muharram   2.  Safar   3.  Rabi’     al-­‐awwal   4.  Rabi’   al-­‐thani     5.  Jumada   al-­‐awwal     6.  Jumada   al-­‐thani   7.  Rajab   8.  Sha'ban   9.  Ramadan   10.   Shawwal     11.  Dhu  al-­‐ Qi'dah     12.  Dhu   al-­‐Hijjah  
  9. 9. “ “ 1.5 BILLION MUSLIMS IN THE
 WORLD FASTING IN RAMADAN ="
  10. 10. But why?"
  11. 11. { } Who keeps this globe spinning?
  12. 12. { } Who gives us a night to rest every day?
  13. 13. So whats" our guide" in life?"
  14. 14. Night of Power
 Lailatul Qadr" Taurah" Muhammad"David" Jesus"Moses" Zaboor" Injeel" Qur’an" Messengers of God
 Received guidance"
  15. 15. We will be judged"
  16. 16. { } Heaven" or " Hell"
  17. 17. Witnessing there is only One God Praying 5 times a day Fasting in the month of Ramadan Giving charity to the needy Making pilgrimage to the Ka’bah built by Abraham
  18. 18. { } So " why" fast?"
  19. 19. { } “O you who believe! Fasting is written for you as it was written for those before you, so that you may become conscious of God and better” [Quran 2:183]
  20. 20. Give in charity and help the poor Making lots of supplication Increasing in prayer and worship Spending more time at the mosque Reading & learning the Qur’an •  Contemplation •  Compassion •  Charity •  Community
  21. 21. “Whoever does not give up false speech and acting upon it and offensive speech and behaviour, Allah has no need of his giving up his food and drink.” No eating, drinking or intimate relations Avoiding time wasters No arguing or fighting and avoiding sins No swearing, lying and backbiting
  22. 22. IN LUTON Ramadan
  23. 23. Dietary  recommendaIons   Complex  carbohdrates   Grains  and  seeds,  like  barley,  wheat,   oats,  millets,  beans,  lenIls,  wholemeal,   flour,  chickpeas,  basmaI  rice   Fibre-­‐rich  foods   Bran,  cereals,  whole  wheat,  grains   and  seeds,  potatoes  +  skin,  vegetables   and  fruit  including  apricots  &  figs   Milk  based  dishes   Rice  pudding,  Rasmalai,  Barfee   Baked/boiled/Grilled  dishes   Heavily-­‐processed  foods   Sugar,  white  flour  etc.   FaZy  foods   Cakes,  biscuits,  chocolates,  sweets   High  caffeine  drinks   Tea,  coffee,  cola  (cause  faster  water   loss  through  urinaIon)   Deep  fried  foods   Pakoras,  Samosas  
  24. 24. Sunrise   2.50am   Sunset   9.24pm   How   long?  
  25. 25. PotenIal  Health  ComplicaIons   and  Possible  Remedies  
  26. 26. “So  whoever  among  you  is  ill  or  on  a  journey  -­‐  then  an  equal  number  of  days   [are  to  be  made  up].  And  upon  those  who  face  difficulty  fasHng,  they  must   subsHtute  this  by  feeding  a  poor  person”     Surah  Al-­‐Baqarah:  184  
  27. 27. 1.  SYMPTOMS   2.  MANAGEMENT   3.  PREVENTATIVE  MEASURES   APPROACH  
  28. 28. FasIng  usually  reduces  the  amount  of  acid  produced,  although   thinking  about  food  can  cause  the  body  to  produce  more  acid.   Hence  if  there  is  a  net  increase  in  acid,  heartburn  may  occur.   Those  on  regular  medicaIon  e.g.  Antacids  (Gaviscon),   anIhistamines  (Zantac)  or  proton  pump  inhibitors  (Losec,   Nexium)  should  take  them  at  the  predawn  meal   Eat  in  moderaIon  -­‐  avoid  oily,  deep  fried  or  very  spicy  food.   Reduce  caffeine  intake.  Peppermint  oil  may  help  reduce  colic.   Heartburn  
  29. 29. Regular  self-­‐monitoring  is  very  important.  Low  blood  sugar  levels  (Hypo)  is   dangerous,  and  if  untreated  may  lead  to  faint  or  fits.    Symptoms  include   feeling  dizzy,  sweaty  and  disorientated.    If  suspected,  you  should  have  a  sugary   drink,  or  place  sugar  or  a  sugar-­‐rich  sweet  below  the  tongue.   Those  with  medicated  diabetes  control  should  see  a  GP  before  Ramadan  to   discuss  any  changes  in  medicaIon.  This  is  very  important  for  those  with  other   further  complicaIons  e.g.  angina,  eye  disease   Eat  balanced  meals  and  take  medicaIon  pre-­‐dawn.  Monitor  closely.   Poor  control  of  diabetes    Those  injecIng  insulin  are  advised  not  to  fast,  as  the  potenIal  risk  to  health,  both  in   the  short  and  long  term,  of  not  taking  insulin  is  too  great.  
  30. 30. Commonly  due  to  dehydraIon  or  hunger,  inadequate  rest,  or  due  to  the  absence  of   addicIve  substances  such  as  caffeine  or  nicoIne.   Those  with  a  history  of  frequent  and/or  disabling  migraines  should  aim  to  gain   adequate  control  with  lifestyle  and/or  medical  treatment  if  required,  prior  to   starIng  a  fast.   Moderate  and  balanced  diet  especially  not  missing  the  pre-­‐dawn  meal,  consuming   adequate  quanIIes  of  fluid  and  if  necessary  taking  a  dose  of  painkillers  such   as  paracetamol.  Keep  out  of  the  sun.   Migraines  /  Headache  
  31. 31. This  risk  is  higher  in  the  elderly,  and  in  those  taking  tablets  such  as  diureIcs.   Depending  on  the  severity  of  the  dehydraIon,  you  may  experience  a  general   feeling  of  being  unwell,  lethargy,  muscle  cramps,  dizziness,  disorientaIon  and   even  collapse  or  faint.   If  you  are  unable  to  stand-­‐up  due  to  dizziness,  or  disorientated,  you  should   urgently  re-­‐hydrate  with  regular  moderate  quanIIes  of  water,  ideally  with   sugar  and  salt,  such  as  Dioralyte  or  Lucozade.   Drink  as  much  water  as  possible  prior  to  and  aner  the  fast.  Try  to  cut  down  on   caffeine  in  teas,  coffees  and  fizzy  drinks.   DehydraHon  
  32. 32. Other  maRers   High  blood  pressure  and   asthma  are  controlled  using   medicaIons  that  need  to  be   taken  regularly  every  day  of   the  year.     Consult  with  your  doctor   should  to  discuss  potenIal   opIons  of  compleIng  a  fast   safely,  whilst  conInuing  to   control  your  disease.   ConsIpaIon  could  be  a  very   irritaIng  problem  for  the   person  undertaking  a  fast.   Maintain  good  hydraIon   outside  the  fast  eaIng   healthily,  with  lots  of  fruit   and  vegetables  in  your  diet   to  increase  fibre  and  remain   acIve  to  help  your  bowel   moIons.   If  the  problem  persists,  a   short  course  of  bulk  laxaIves   may  help.   Lack  of  food  and  water,   changes  of  rouIne  and   shorter  periods  of  sleep  can   all  collude  to  increase  stress   levels.   Don’t  take  on  more  than  you   can  reasonably  handle.   Avoid  playing  sports  in  the   hot  sun,  controlling  your   anger  in  advance  and   abstaining  from  smoking.  
  33. 33. Pregnancy  &  children   It  is  not  compulsory  to  fast   while  pregnant,  but  the  fasts   should  be  made  up  later.     If  a  pregnant  woman  feels   strong  and  healthy  enough   to  fast,  especially  during  the   early  part  of  the  pregnancy,   she  may  do  so.   Breasoeeding     Islamic  law  exempts  a   breasoeeding  mother  from   fasIng.  Missed  fasts  will   need  to  be  compensated  for   by  fasIng  if  possible  once   breasoeeding  has  ceased.   Children  are  required  to  fast   from  the  age  of  puberty,  and   this  not  harmful.  FasIng   prior  to  this  age  is  tolerated   differently  depending  on  the   children’s  general  health,   nutriIon  and  aptude.     FasIng  prior  to  the  age  of  7   or  8  years  is  not  advisable,   although  it  is  a  good  idea  to   make  young  children  aware   of  the  pracIce  of  fasIng  in   the  community  around  them   and  perhaps  do  mini-­‐fasts.  
  34. 34. THANK YOU www.discover-islam.org.uk

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