-What is Computational Linguistics
-Approaches of the Study Of Computational Linguistics
-What is Internet Linguistics
-Internet Linguistics Perspectives
-Linguistic Future Of The Internet
SMS : Short Message Service
HCI : Human Computer Interaction
CMC : Computer Mediated Communication
IMC : Internet Mediated Communication
RPG : Role-Playing Games
MUDs : Multi-User Domains
HRELP : Han Rausing Endangered Languages Project
ELAR : Endangered Languages Archive Program
TM : Translation Memory
TMM : Translation Memory Managers
ASCII : American Standard code for information interchange
CAT : Computer assisted translation
CD-ROM : compact disc read-only memory
CPU : central processing unit
DPI : dots per inch
RAM..random access memory
RISC..reduced instruction set computing
ROM.. read only memory
SCSI..small computer system interface
WORM..write once read many
UPS..uninterruptible power source
DVD..digital video disk
access time : the performance of a hard drive or other storage device.
active program or window: the application or window at the front on the monitor.
Application : the program in which you do your work.
application menu : on the right side of the screen header, lists running applications.
ASCII: ( American standard code for information interchange), a commonly used data format for
exchanging information between computers or programs.
Background : part of multi0tasking capability, A program can run and perform tasks in the background
while another program is being used in foreground.
backup: a copy of file or disk you make for archiving purposes.
boot : to startup a computer.
bug : a programming error that causes a program to behave in an unexpected way.
bus: an electronic pathway through which data is transmitted between components in the computer.
CD - ROM: an acronym for compact disk read only memory.
chooser: a desk accessory used to select a printer or other external device , or to log onto a network.
compression: a technique that reduce the size of a saved file.
control panel: a program that allows you to change settings in a program or change the way a Mac is
looks or behaves.
CPU: (central processing unit),the processing chip that is the brain of the computer.
crash: a system malfunction in which the computer stops working and has to be restarted.
cursor: the pointer, usually arrow (or cross shaped),which is controlled by the mouse.
database: an electronic list of information that can be stored or searched.
data: the information that processed by that computer.
defragment: to concatenate fragments of data into contiguous blocks in memory or hard drive.
document: a file you create, as apposed to application which created it.
DOS: (disk operation system),used in IBM PCs.
DPI : (dots per inch), a gauge of visual clarity on the printed page or on the computer screen.
download: to transfer data from one computer to another.
drag : to move the mouse while its button is pressed.
file : a generic name word for an application ,document ,control panel or other computer data.
folder : an electronic subdirectory which contain files.
fragmentation: the fragment of a file into many separate locations in memory or on a disk.
freeze : a system error which causes the cursor to lock in place.
hard drive : a large capacity storage device made of multiple disks housed in a rigid case.
icon : a graphic symbol for an application , file or folder.
installer : software used to install a program on your hand drive.
keyboard shortcut: a combination of key strokes that performs some function.
memory : a temporary holding area where data is stored while is being used or changed ; the amount of RAM
a computer has installed.
multi tasking : running more than one application in memory at the same time.
operation system : the system software that controls the computer.
PC : (personal computer), commonly used to refer an IBM computer which
pop-up menu : any menu that doesn't appear at the top of the screen in the menu bar.
RAM : acronym for Random access memory.
ROM : acronym for (read only memory), memory that can only be read from and not written to.
save : to write a file into a disk.
save as : to save previously saved file in a new location or with a new name.
software : files on disk that contain instructions for a computer .
upload : to send a file from one computer to another through a network.
uninterruptible power source (UPS) : a constantly charging battery pack which powers a computer , A UPS
should have enough charge to power your computer for several minutes in the event a total power failure,
giving you time to save your work and safely shutdown.
Computational Linguistics : Is An Interdisciplinary Field That Concerns With Statistical Or Rule Based Modeling of
Natural Language From A Computational Perspective
Morphology : The Grammar Of Word Forms
Syntax : The Grammar Of Sentence Structure
semantics : the meaning Of The Word Or A Sentence
lexicon : The vocabulary Of A Sentence
pragmatics : The usage of the language
Internet Linguistics : Is A Sub-domain Of Linguistics is Advocated By David Crystal . It Studies The New Language
Styles And Forms That Have Arisen Under The Influence Of the Internet
Translation Memory : Is A Database That Stores Segments Which Can Be Sentence , Paragraphs , Or Sentence
Like Units (Heading , Titles Or Elements in A list)
1-Transliteration from Arabic to
- Hasebat , kowayes
2-transliteration from English to
- LOL , GTG , OMG , ROFL
4-Mixing English and Arabic
- You are
5-Mixing number and letter
- 4 You
6- using a single number or letter
instead of a whole ward
- U (you) ,, 4 (For) ,, SA (
- el7amdullah ,, 6arab ,, 3arbi ,,
8- using pictures and symbols
instead of words
- Like ,, -_- ,, :S ,, :D .
9- Other Changes
-Like :: Omitting The First letter Of the
Word like (NA) instead of (Ana)
- The Language now Has Poor