Ppas 4111


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Ppas 4111

  1. 1. AP/PPS 4111 3.0: International Refugee Protection RegimeThe Scope of International Protection in Mass Influx Presented By: Abdirizak Nur
  2. 2. Note: • The Executive Committee of the High Commissioner’s Program, in its 1994 Conclusion on International Protection encouraged the UNHCR to continue to provide protection for persons who are unable to return safely to their countries as a result of situation of conflict.The Scope of International Protection in 2Mass Influx
  3. 3. Legal Protection • 51’ Convention and 67’ Protocol provide the necessary legal framework for the protection of refugees • Limitations of the legal framework • UNHCR has taken steps to address the limitations of the legal framework • UNHCR seeks to apply the Convention and Protocol to Mass Influx situationsThe Scope of International Protection in 3Mass Influx
  4. 4. Concerted Action • International burden sharing paramount to the protection of refugees • Africa and Latin America provide protection for refugees • Concerned organizations should play a greater roleThe Scope of International Protection in 4Mass Influx
  5. 5. Protection in Mass Influx • Most states have generally accepted the need to provide international protection for refugees • Situations of Mass Influx has its problems • Assessment of refugee status and questions of long-term solutions are critical • Steps towards creating consistent state practice for Mass Influx situationsThe Scope of International Protection in 5Mass Influx
  6. 6. Eligibility in Mass Influx • States due experience concerns over mass influx of refugees • Importance of fair status determination procedures fro asylum seekers • UNHCR encourages positive group determinationThe Scope of International Protection in 6Mass Influx
  7. 7. Durable Solutions in Mass Influx • It is important to assess the situation of the refugee to determine an appropriate plan of action • Permanent exile and Voluntary repatriation are usually important options • However, integration and long-term protection can also serve as alternatives • There may not be an undertaking of to provide permanent resettlement • The 1981 conclusion enjoins states to ‘fix’ the problem of the country experiencing a conflictThe Scope of International Protection in 7Mass Influx
  8. 8. Guiding Principles/Basic Standards in Mass Influx • The need for international protection in mass influx is important • Temporary protection considered an integral part • Progressive improvements are necessary • Standards applicable in mass influx situations are complimentary to convention and protocolThe Scope of International Protection inMass Influx 8
  9. 9. Protection for Individuals fleeing Armed Conflict • Asylum-seekers is also an issue • UNHCR maintains that fear of persecution should not be the only criteriaThe Scope of International Protection in 9Mass Influx
  10. 10. Stateless Persons • Growing problem of statelessness • Statelessness has negative repercussionsThe Scope of International Protection in 10Mass Influx
  11. 11. Internally Displaced Persons (IDPs) • Protection of internally displaced persons (IDP’s) was considered at both sub-commitees on international protection in 1994 • Initiatives remain on-going at the international level • Recent events in Africa highlight the importance of IDP’sThe Scope of International Protection in 11Mass Influx
  12. 12. AP/PPS 4111 3.0:Research Paper: Mass Influx Situations Border Closures Presented By: Abdirizak Nur
  13. 13. Background • Border closures remain a central problem in situations of mass influx • UN Decleration on Human Rights grants people to seek political asylum across borders • States have historically closed their borders to fleeing refugees in mass influx situations • Border crossings also tend to be intensely political • Ambiguous bordersResearch Paper: Mass Influx Situations 1
  14. 14. Protracted refugees • Protracted refugees are a common result of border closures during mass influx situations • Protracted refugee situations result from political impasses that prevent refugees from returning home voluntarily in safety and dignity and from integrating into their countries of asylum • Tensions can occur between protracted refugees and localsResearch Paper: Mass Influx Situations 2
  15. 15. Somalia-Kenya border closure • Kenya has witnessed large and periodic influxes of refugees from Somalia since 1991 • Somalis constitute the majority in the Dadaab refugee camp in Kenya, the largest refugee camp in the world • Kenya officially closed its borders to Somalia in January 2007Research Paper: Mass Influx Situations 3
  16. 16. Objectives • Develop policy proposal for mass influx situations • Important that any solution take into account the unique characteristics, traditions, and histories of the countries involvedResearch Paper: Mass Influx Situations 4
  17. 17. 5Research Paper: Mass Influx Situations
  18. 18. Discussion• ???? The Scope of International Protection in 18 Mass Influx