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5 عمليات التصنيع في مصنع علف كامل

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5 عمليات التصنيع في مصنع علف كامل

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5 عمليات التصنيع في مصنع علف كامل

  1. 1. ) ‫اﻟﺪواﺟﻦ‬ ‫أﻋﻼف‬ ‫ﺗﺼﻨﯿﻊ‬٤١١(-‫ج‬ ‫و‬ ‫د‬-‫اﻟﺮاﺑﻊ‬ ‫اﻟﻤﺴﺘﻮى‬/‫د‬ Page 1 of 3 ‫ﻛﺎﻣﻞ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻒ‬ ‫ﻣﺼﻨﻊ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫اﻟﺘﺼﻨﯿﻊ‬ ‫ﻋﻤﻠﯿﺎت‬ ‫ھﻨﺎ‬ ‫ﻧﺘﻨﺎول‬ُ‫ﺗ‬ ‫اﻟﺘﻰ‬ ‫اﻟﺘﺼﻨﯿﻌﯿﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻌﻤﻠﯿﺎت‬ ‫اﻟﻌﺮﯾﻀﺔ‬ ‫اﻟﺨﻄﻮط‬‫ﻛﻞ‬ ‫ﯾﺴﺮد‬ ‫وﻻ‬ ‫اﻟﻜﺎﻣﻠﺔ‬ ‫اﻷﻋﻼف‬ ‫ﻣﺼﺎﻧﻊ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺠﺮى‬ .‫اﻟﺘﺼﻨﯿﻊ‬ ‫ﻋﻤﻠﯿﺎت‬ ‫ﺑﻜﺎﻓﺔ‬ ‫اﻟﻤﺘﻌﻠﻘﺔ‬ ‫اﻟﺘﻔﺎﺻﯿﻞ‬ ‫اﻻﺳﺘﻘﺒﺎل‬Reception ‫ﯾﺘﻢ‬ ‫وﻓﯿﮭﺎ‬‫إﺳﺘﻼم‬‫اﻟﺨﺎم‬ ‫اﻟﻌﻠﻒ‬ ‫ﻣﻮاد‬‫ﺑﻌﺪ‬‫ﻓﺤﺼ‬‫ﮭﺎ‬‫ﻛﺒﯿﺮ‬ ‫ﺧﺒﺮة‬ ‫ذو‬ ‫ﻣﮭﻨﺪس‬ ‫ﺑﻮاﺳﻄﺔ‬‫ﺧﺎﻣﺎت‬ ‫ﺟﻮدة‬ ‫ﻣﺮاﻗﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﻣﺠﺎل‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ة‬ ‫وإﺳﺘﻼم‬ ‫ﻗﺒﻮل‬ ‫ﻋﻦ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﻣﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﻣﺴﺌﻮﻟﯿﺔ‬ ‫ﻣﺴﺌﻮل‬ ‫وھﻮ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻟﻤﺼﻨﻊ‬ ‫اﻷﻋﻼف‬‫ﻣﺎ‬ ‫ﺷﺤﻨﺔ‬‫رﻓﻀ‬ ‫أو‬‫ﮭﺎ‬‫اﻟﻔﺤﺺ‬ ‫ھﺬا‬ ‫وﯾﺘﻢ‬ .‫ﻛﺎﻧﺖ‬ ‫ﺳﻮاء‬‫ﻣﻮاد‬ ‫اﻟﻌﻠﻒ‬‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﻣﻌﺒﺄة‬ ‫اﻟﺨﺎم‬‫ﺣﺎوﯾﺎت‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫أو‬ ‫أﺟﻮﻟﺔ‬‫ﻧﻘﻞ‬‫ﻟﻠﺘﻌﺮف‬ ‫وذﻟﻚ‬‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬‫ﺟﻮدﺗﮭﺎ‬‫وﺻﻼﺣﯿﺘﮭﺎ‬‫اﻟﻌﻠﻒ‬ ‫وإﻧﺘﺎج‬ ‫اﻟﺘﺼﻨﯿﻊ‬ ‫ﻟﻌﻤﻠﯿﺎت‬.‫وﻗﺪ‬ ‫اﻟﻔﺤ‬ ‫ھﺬا‬ ‫ﯾﻜﻮن‬‫ﻓﻘﻂ‬ ‫ظﺎھﺮى‬ ‫ﺺ‬‫اﻹﺳﺘﻘﺒﺎل‬ ‫ﻣﻨﻄﻘﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﯾﺘﻢ‬‫أو‬‫ﻏﺎﻟﺒﺎ‬‫ﯾﻤﺘﺪ‬ ‫ﻗﺪ‬‫ﻓﺤﺺ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻟﯿﺸﺘﻤﻞ‬‫اﻹﺟﺮاءات‬ ‫ﻟﺒﻌﺾ‬ ‫ﯾﺤﺘﺎج‬ ‫ﻣﻌﻤﻠﻰ‬ ‫واﻟﺘﺤﺎﻟﯿﻞ‬‫اﻟﻤﻌﻤﻠﯿﺔ‬‫اﻟﺴﺮﯾﻌﺔ‬.‫ذﻟﻚ‬ ‫وﺑﻌﺪ‬‫ﯾﺘﻢ‬‫اﻟﺸﺤﻨ‬ ‫ﻗﺒﻮل‬ ‫ﻗﺮار‬ ‫ﺗﺤﺪﯾﺪ‬‫ﺔ‬‫اﻟﺸﺤﻨ‬ ‫ﻗﺒﻮل‬ ‫ﺣﺎﻟﺔ‬ ‫وﻓﻲ‬ ،‫رﻓﻀﮭﺎ‬ ‫أو‬‫ﺔ‬‫وزﻧﮭﺎ‬ ‫ﯾﺘﻢ‬ ‫ﻓﺈﻧﮫ‬‫وزن‬ ‫دﻗﯿﻖ‬‫ﺑﻌﺪ‬ ‫وﺗﻨﺘﻘﻞ‬‫ذﻟﻚ‬‫اﻟﻤﻨﺎﺳﺒﺔ‬ ‫اﻟﻨﻘﻞ‬ ‫ﺑﻮﺳﯿﻠﺔ‬‫ﻣﺮ‬ ‫اﻟﻰ‬.‫اﻟﺘﺨﺰﯾﻦ‬ ‫ﺣﻠﺔ‬‫ﻣﺎ‬ ‫ﻏﺎﻟﺒﺎ‬ ‫ھﻨﺎ‬ ‫اﻟﻮزن‬ ‫ﻋﻤﻠﯿﺔ‬‫ﯾﺪﻋﻮ‬ ‫ﻣﻤﺎ‬ ‫واﺳﻊ‬ ‫ﻧﻄﺎق‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺗﻜﻮن‬ ‫ﻋﺎﻟﯿﺔ‬ ‫وزن‬ ‫طﺎﻗﺎت‬ ‫ذات‬ ‫ﻣﻮازﯾﻦ‬ ‫ﻹﺳﺘﺨﺪام‬(‫ﺑﺴﻜﻮل‬ ‫)ﻣﯿﺰان‬‫ﺗﺼﻞ‬‫ﻗﺪرﺗﮭﺎ‬‫اﻟﻰ‬١٠٠.‫طﻦ‬‫ﻋﻤﻠﯿﺔ‬ ‫وﺧﻼل‬‫وزن‬ ‫ﯾﺘﻢ‬ ‫اﻟﻮزن‬ ‫ﺑﯿﻦ‬ ‫اﻟﻔﺮق‬ ‫ﯾﻜﻮن‬ ‫ﺑﺤﯿﺚ‬ ‫اﻟﺘﻔﺮﯾﻎ‬ ‫ﺑﻌﺪ‬ ‫أﺧﺮى‬ ‫ﻣﺮة‬ ‫وزﻧﮭﺎ‬ ‫ﯾﺘﻢ‬ ‫ﺛﻢ‬ ،‫ﺗﻔﺮﯾﻐﮭﺎ‬ ‫ﻗﺒﻞ‬ ‫ﻣﺤﺘﻮﯾﺎﺗﮭﺎ‬ ‫ﺑﻜﺎﻓﺔ‬ ‫اﻟﺸﺎﺣﻨﺔ‬‫اﻟﺸﺤﻨﺔ‬ ‫وزن‬ ‫ھﻮ‬ ‫اﻟﻮزﻧﺘﯿﻦ‬ .‫ﻓﻘﻂ‬ ‫اﻟﻤﺴﺘﻠﻤﺔ‬ ‫اﻟﺘﺨﺰﯾﻦ‬Storage ‫اﻟﻌﻠﻒ‬ ‫ﻣﻮاد‬ ‫ﺗﺨﺰﯾﻦ‬ ‫ﯾﺘﻢ‬ ‫وﻓﯿﮭﺎ‬‫ﻗﺒﻮﻟﮭﺎ‬ ‫ﺗﻢ‬ ‫اﻟﺘﻰ‬:‫ﻓﻤﺜﻼ‬ ‫اﻟﻌﻠﻒ‬ ‫ﻣﺎدة‬ ‫ﻟﻄﺒﯿﻌﺔ‬ ‫ﻣﻼﺋﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﺣﺎوﯾﺎت‬ ‫داﺧﻞ‬ ‫ﻣﻨﻔﺼﻠﺔ‬ ‫اﻷﻛﺴﺎب‬‫ذات‬ ‫واﻟﺤﺒﻮب‬‫ﺣﺘﻰ‬ ‫اﻟﺮطﻮﺑﺔ‬١٣%‫ﺗﺨﺰﯾﻦ‬ ‫ﺻﻮاﻣﻊ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺗﺨﺰن‬Silos‫ﺟﯿﺪ‬‫ة‬‫اﻟﺘﮭﻮﯾﺔ‬‫ﺗ‬ ‫ﺑﺤﯿﺚ‬‫اﻟﻤﻨﺘﺞ‬ ‫ﺣﻤﺎﯾﺔ‬ ‫ﺆﻣﻦ‬ ‫اﻟﻘﻮارض‬ ‫ﻣﻦ‬‫ذﻟﻚ‬ ‫وﻏﯿﺮ‬ ‫واﻟﺤﺮﯾﻖ‬ ‫واﻟﺮطﻮﺑﺔ‬.‫اﻟﺤﺠﻢ‬ ‫ﻛﺒﯿﺮة‬ ‫اﻟﺤﺎوﯾﺎت‬ ‫ھﺬه‬ ‫ﺗﻜﻮن‬ ‫ﻣﺎ‬ ‫وﻏﺎﻟﺒﺎ‬)٥٠٠٠(‫طﻦ‬‫ﺑﺎﻟﻤﻘﺎرﻧﺔ‬ ‫ﺑﻐﯿ‬‫ﻟﺘﺨﺰﯾﻦ‬ ‫اﻟﻤﺴﺘﺨﺪﻣﺔ‬ ‫اﻟﺤﺎوﯾﺎت‬ ‫ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﺮھﺎ‬.‫اﻷﺧﺮى‬ ‫اﻟﻌﻠﻒ‬ ‫ﻣﻮاد‬ ‫اﻟﻨﺒﺎﺗﻲ‬ ‫اﻟﺰﯾﺖ‬‫واﻟﺴﻮاﺋﻞ‬ ‫واﻟﻤﻮﻻس‬‫اﻷﺧﺮى‬‫و‬ ‫ﻣﻀﺨﺎت‬ ‫ﺑﻮاﺳﻄﺔ‬ ‫ﺗﻨﻘﻞ‬‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺗﺨﺰن‬‫ﺧﺰاﻧﺎت‬‫ﺑﺴﺨﺎﻧﺎت‬ ‫ﻣﺰودة‬‫ﻋﻨﺪ‬ ‫ﺗﺴﺘﺨﺪم‬ ‫اﻟﺤﺎﺟﺔ‬‫وﺑﺮﯾﻤﺔ‬‫ﻟﺘﺴﮭﯿﻞ‬ ‫ﺗﻘﻠﯿﺐ‬‫اﻟﻤﺤﺘﻮﯾﺎت‬ ‫ﺗﺠﺎﻧﺲ‬‫اﻟﺘﺨﺰﯾﻦ‬ ‫أﺛﻨﺎء‬‫أﺛﻨﺎء‬ ‫واﻧﺴﯿﺎﺑﮭﺎ‬‫واﻟﻨﻘﻞ‬ ‫اﻟﺘﻔﺮﯾﻎ‬. ‫اﻟﻤﻌﺪﻧﯿﺔ‬ ‫اﻷﻣﻼح‬‫اﻷﻣﯿﻨﯿﺔ‬ ‫واﻷﺣﻤﺎض‬ ‫واﻟﻔﯿﺘﺎﻣﯿﻨﺎت‬‫اﻟﻤﻜﻮﻧﺎت‬ ‫وﻛﺎﻓﺔ‬‫واﻟﺮطﻮﺑﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺤﺮارة‬ ‫اﻟﺤﺴﺎﺳﺔ‬‫ﺗﺨﺰن‬ ‫واﻟﻀﻮء‬‫ﻓﻲ‬ ) ‫ﻣﺒﺮدة‬ ‫أﻣﺎﻛﻦ‬‫ﻣﻦ‬ ‫أﻗﻞ‬١٨º(‫م‬‫ذات‬‫رطﻮﺑﺔ‬‫ﻣﺤﻜﻮﻣﺔ‬. ‫اﻟﺘﺠﮭﯿﺰ‬Preparation ‫ﻋﻤﻠﯿﺎ‬ ‫وﺗﺘﻢ‬‫ت‬‫اﻟﻤﺨﺘﻠﻔﺔ‬ ‫اﻟﺘﺠﮭﯿﺰ‬‫اﻟﺨﺎﻣﺎت‬ ‫ﻟﻤﺴﺘﻮى‬ ‫ﺗﺒﻌﺎ‬ ‫اﻟﺤﺎﺟﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﻨﺪ‬‫اﻟﻤﺴﺘﻠﻤﺔ‬‫ﺧﻄﻮة‬ ‫ﺑﻌﺪ‬ ‫ﺗﺘﻢ‬ ‫ﻋﺎدة‬ ‫وھﻰ‬ ‫وﺟﻮدﺗﮭﺎ‬ ‫ﯾﺘﻢ‬ ‫ﺣﯿﺚ‬ ‫اﻟﺘﺨﺰﯾﻦ‬‫ﻓﯿﮭﺎ‬‫ا‬ ‫ﺳﺒﯿﻞ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫اﻟﺤﺒﻮب‬ ‫ﺗﻨﻈﯿﻒ‬‫اﻟﺤﺼﻰ‬ ‫و‬ ‫اﻟﺸﻮاﺋﺐ‬ ‫اﺳﺘﺒﻌﺎد‬ ‫و‬ ‫ﻟﻤﺜﺎل‬‫و‬ ‫اﻟﮭﺰازة‬ ‫اﻟﻐﺮاﺑﯿﻞ‬ ‫طﺮﯾﻖ‬ ‫ﻋﻦ‬ ‫ﻣﻨﮭﺎ‬ ‫اﻷﺟﺴﺎم‬ ‫ﺗﻔﺼﻞ‬ ‫و‬ ‫اﻟﻤﻨﺪﻓﻊ‬ ‫اﻟﮭﻮاء‬ ‫ﺑﺎﺳﺘﺨﺪام‬ ‫اﻷﺗﺮﺑﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﺼﻞ‬ ‫ﯾﺘﻢ‬ ‫ﻛﺬﻟﻚ‬‫ﺑﮭﺎ‬ ‫ﺧﺎﺻﺔ‬ ‫ﻏﺮاﺑﯿﻞ‬ ‫ﺑﻮاﺳﻄﺔ‬ ‫اﻟﻤﻌﺪﻧﯿﺔ‬ ‫اﻷﺟﺴﺎم‬ ‫و‬ ‫اﻟﻐﺮﯾﺒﺔ‬ .‫اﻟﻐﺮض‬ ‫ﻟﮭﺬا‬ ‫ﻣﺨﺼﺼﺔ‬ ‫ﻛﮭﺮﺑﯿﺔ‬ ‫ﻣﻐﻨﺎطﯿﺴﯿﺔ‬ ‫وﺣﺪات‬‫ﺑﻤﺎ‬ ‫اﻟﺘﺼﻨﯿﻊ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫اﻟﻤﺴﺘﺨﺪﻣﺔ‬ ‫اﻟﺴﻮاﺋﻞ‬ ‫ﺗﻨﻘﯿﺔ‬ ‫أﯾﻀﺎ‬ ‫ﯾﺘﻢ‬ ‫اﻟﺘﺠﮭﯿﺰ‬ ‫ﻣﺮﺣﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ .‫اﻟﺘﺼﻨﯿﻊ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﺧﻠﻞ‬ ‫ﺗﺴﺒﺐ‬ ‫ﻗﺪ‬ ‫اﻟﺘﻰ‬ ‫اﻟﻤﻜﻮﻧﺎت‬ ‫ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ذﻟﻚ‬ ‫وﻏﯿﺮ‬ ‫اﻟﺸﻮاﺋﺐ‬ ‫ﻣﻦ‬ ‫واﻟﻤﻮﻻس‬ ‫اﻟﺰﯾﻮت‬ ‫ﻓﯿﮭﺎ‬ ‫اﻟﺘﮭﯿﺌﺔ‬Conditioning ‫ﺗﺠﮭﯿﺰ‬ ‫ﻋﻤﻞ‬ ‫ﯾﺘﻢ‬ ‫اﻟﻤﺮﺣﻠﺔ‬ ‫ھﺬه‬ ‫وﻓﻲ‬‫اﻟﻌﻠﻒ‬ ‫ﻟﻤﻮاد‬‫ﯾ‬‫أﺳﻠﻮﺑﮫ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﻌﺘﻤﺪ‬‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬‫ﺗﻜﺴﯿﺮ‬ ‫ﻋﻤﻞ‬ ‫ﯾﺘﻢ‬ ‫ﺣﯿﺚ‬ ‫ﻧﻔﺴﮭﺎ‬ ‫اﻟﻌﻠﻒ‬ ‫ﻣﺎدة‬ Cracking‫طﺤﻦ‬ ‫أو‬Grinding‫اﻟﻤ‬ ‫اﻟﺘﺼﻨﯿﻊ‬ ‫ﻟﻌﻤﻠﯿﺔ‬ ‫اﻟﻤﻨﺎﺳﺐ‬ ‫اﻟﺤﺠﻢ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫اﻟﻌﻠﻒ‬ ‫ﻣﺎدة‬ ‫ﺗﻜﻮن‬ ‫ﺣﺘﻰ‬‫ﻄﻠﻮﺑﺔ‬‫ﻛﺬﻟﻚ‬ ‫و‬‫ﯾﺆﺧﺬ‬‫ﻓﻰ‬
  2. 2. ) ‫اﻟﺪواﺟﻦ‬ ‫أﻋﻼف‬ ‫ﺗﺼﻨﯿﻊ‬٤١١(-‫ج‬ ‫و‬ ‫د‬-‫اﻟﺮاﺑﻊ‬ ‫اﻟﻤﺴﺘﻮى‬/‫د‬ Page 2 of 3 ‫اﻻﻋﺘﺒﺎر‬‫ﺣﺠﻢ‬ ‫ھﻨﺎ‬‫اﻟﻤﻨﺘﺞ‬ ‫ﺣﺒﯿﺒﺎت‬‫اﻟﻨﮭﺎﺋﻲ‬‫ﻛﺎن‬ ‫ﺳﻮاء‬Crumbles‫أو‬Pellets‫اﻟﺘﻜﺴﯿﺮ‬ ‫أو‬ ‫اﻟﻄﺤﻦ‬ ‫ﻋﻤﻠﯿﺔ‬ ‫ﺗﻜﻮن‬ ‫ذﻟﻚ‬ ‫وﻋﻠﻰ‬ .‫اﻟﻌﻠﻒ‬ ‫ﻣﺎدة‬ ‫ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﯿﮫ‬ ‫اﻟﻤﺘﺤﺼﻞ‬ ‫اﻟﺤﺠﻢ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﺣﯿﺪ‬ ‫وظﯿﻔﺘﮭﺎ‬ ‫ﺑﻐﺮاﺑﯿﻞ‬ ‫ﻣﻠﺤﻘﺔ‬‫و‬‫ﺗﺴﻤﻰ‬ ‫اﻟﻄﺤﻦ‬ ‫ﻋﻤﻠﯿﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫اﻟﻤﺴﺘﺨﺪﻣﺔ‬ ‫اﻵﻟﺔ‬Hammer Mill‫أو‬Grinder.‫وﻛﺬﻟﻚ‬‫ﯾ‬‫ﺘﻢ‬‫ﻋﻤﻠﯿﺔ‬ ‫اﻟﺘﮭﯿﺌﺔ‬ ‫ﻣﺮﺣﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﺧﻼل‬‫اﻟﻤﺴﺘﺨﺪﻣﺔ‬ ‫اﻟﻨﺒﺎﺗﯿﺔ‬ ‫واﻟﺰﯾﻮت‬ ‫اﻟﻤﻮﻻس‬ ‫ﺗﺠﻨﯿﺲ‬‫ﺗﻜﻮن‬ ‫ﺑﺤﯿﺚ‬ ‫اﻟﺘﺼﻨﯿﻌﯿﺔ‬ ‫اﻟﻌﻤﻠﯿﺎت‬ ‫ﻣﻦ‬ ‫وﻏﯿﺮھﺎ‬ ‫اﻟﺨﻠﻂ‬ ‫ﻟﻌﻤﻠﯿﺔ‬ ‫ﺟﺎھﺰة‬‫ﻣﺒﺎﺷﺮة‬. ‫اﻟﺨﻠﻂ‬Mixing ‫واﻟﺘﻲ‬‫ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﺗﻌﺘﺒﺮ‬‫أھﻢ‬‫طﺎﻗﺎﺗﮭﺎ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﺧﺘﻼف‬ ‫اﻟﻜﺎﻣﻠﺔ‬ ‫اﻷﻋﻼف‬ ‫ﻣﺼﺎﻧﻊ‬ ‫داﺧﻞ‬ ‫ﺗﺠﺮى‬ ‫اﻟﺘﻰ‬ ‫اﻟﻌﻤﻠﯿﺎت‬.‫ﺧﺒﺮة‬ ‫اﻟﻰ‬ ‫وﺗﺤﺘﺎج‬‫واﺳﻌﺔ‬ ‫اﻟﺨﻄﻮات‬ ‫ﺑﻜﻞ‬ ‫ﺗﺘﺄﺛﺮ‬ ‫أﻧﮭﺎ‬ ‫ﺣﯿﺚ‬ ‫اﻷﻋﻼف‬ ‫ﺗﺼﻨﯿﻊ‬ ‫ﻣﺠﺎل‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬‫اﻟﺘﻲ‬‫ﺗﺴﺒﻘﮭﺎ‬‫ﻋﻠ‬ ‫وﺗﺆﺛﺮ‬‫ﻰ‬‫ﻋﺎﻣﺔ‬ ‫وﺑﺼﻔﺔ‬ .‫ﺗﻠﯿﮭﺎ‬ ‫اﻟﺘﻰ‬ ‫اﻟﻌﻤﻠﯿﺎت‬ ‫ﻛﻞ‬‫ﯾﺘﻢ‬ ‫اﻟﻤﺨﺘﻠﻔﺔ‬ ‫اﻟﻤﻜﻮﻧﺎت‬ ‫وزن‬ ‫ﻓﯿﮭﺎ‬‫ﺣﺒﻮب‬ ‫ﻣﻦ‬‫ﺑﻜﺎﻓﺔ‬ ‫وإﺿﺎﻓﺎت‬ ‫وﻣﺮﻛﺰات‬‫أﻧﻮاﻋﮭﺎ‬‫ﺗﺪﺧﻞ‬ ‫واﻟﺘﻲ‬‫ﺑﺎﻟﻨﺴﺐ‬ ‫اﻟﻌﻠﯿﻘﺔ‬ ‫ﺗﺮﻛﯿﺐ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬‫اﻟﻤﺮاد‬ ‫إﺿﺎﻓﺘﮭﺎ‬‫اﻟﺨﻠﻂ‬ ‫ﻋﻤﻠﯿﺔ‬ ‫ﺗﺒﺪأ‬ ‫ذﻟﻚ‬ ‫ﺑﻌﺪ‬ ‫ﺛﻢ‬.ُ‫ﺗ‬ ‫ان‬ ‫ﯾﺮاﻋﻰ‬ ‫وﻟﻜﻦ‬‫اﻟﻤﻜﻮﻧﺎت‬ ‫ﺨﻠﻂ‬‫ﺑﻌﻀﮭﺎ‬ ‫ﻣﻊ‬ ‫اﻟﺪﻗﯿﻘﺔ‬ً‫ﻻ‬‫أو‬ُ‫ﺗ‬ ‫ﺛﻢ‬‫ذﻟﻚ‬ ‫ﺑﻌﺪ‬ ‫ﻀﺎف‬‫ﺗﺪ‬‫رﯾﺠﯿﺎ‬ ‫اﻟﺨﻠﯿﻂ‬ ‫اﻟﻰ‬‫اﻷﺳﺎﺳﻲ‬‫وذﻟﻚ‬‫ﺗﺠﺎﻧﺲ‬ ‫ﻟﻀﻤﺎن‬‫اﻟﺨﻠﯿﻂ‬‫اﻟﻨﮭﺎﺋﻲ‬‫اﻟﺼﻐﺮى‬ ‫و‬ ‫اﻟﻜﺒﺮى‬ ‫اﻟﻤﻜﻮﻧﺎت‬ ‫ﺣﯿﺚ‬ ‫ﻣﻦ‬ً‫ﺎ‬‫ﻣﻌ‬.‫ﻟﻔﻆ‬ ‫وﯾﻄﻠﻖ‬‫اﻟﺨﻠﻄﺔ‬ ‫ا‬ ‫اﻟﺨﻠﻄﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫اﻟﻤﺘﺠﺎﻧﺴﺔ‬‫ﻟﺘﻲ‬‫ﺗﺤﺘﻮي‬‫ﻣﻜﻮﻧﺎﺗﮭﺎ‬ ‫ﻛﻞ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬‫أﻗﻞ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬‫ﻣﻨﮭﺎ‬ ‫وزﻧﺔ‬. ُ‫ﺗ‬‫و‬‫اﻟﺨﻼط‬ ‫اﺳﺘﺨﺪام‬ ‫طﺮﯾﻖ‬ ‫ﻋﻦ‬ ‫ﻣﯿﻜﺎﻧﯿﻜﯿﺎ‬ ‫اﻟﺨﻠﻂ‬ ‫ﻋﻤﻠﯿﺔ‬ ‫ﺠﺮى‬Mixer‫وﯾﻮﺟﺪ‬ .‫ﻋﺎم‬ ‫ﺑﺸﻜﻞ‬‫ﻧ‬:‫اﻟﺨﻼطﺎت‬ ‫ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﻮﻋﯿﻦ‬ ‫اﻷﻓﻘﻲ‬ ‫اﻟﺨﻼط‬Horizontal Mixer ‫اﻟﺮأﺳﻲ‬ ‫اﻟﺨﻼط‬Vertical Mixer ‫اﻷﻓﻘﻲ‬ ‫اﻟﺨﻼط‬Horizontal Mixer ‫ﻛﺒﯿﺮ‬ ‫ﺑﺸﻜﻞ‬ ‫اﻟﻨﻮع‬ ‫ھﺬا‬ ‫ﯾﻨﺎﺳﺐ‬‫ﺗﺴﺘﺨﺪم‬ ‫اﻟﺘﻰ‬ ‫اﻟﻌﻠﻒ‬ ‫ﻣﻮاد‬ ‫ﺧﻠﻂ‬‫ﺑﻨﺴﺐ‬‫ﺻﻐﯿﺮة‬(‫واﻟﻤﺮﻛﺰات‬ ‫)اﻹﺿﺎﻓﺎت‬‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫وﻛﺬﻟﻚ‬ ‫اﻟﺪھﻮن‬ ‫ﺧﻠﻂ‬ ‫ﺣﺎﻟﺔ‬‫أ‬‫اﻟﺮأﺳﻲ‬ ‫اﻟﺨﻼط‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫اﻟﺨﻠﻂ‬ ‫ﻋﻤﻠﯿﺔ‬ ‫ﺗﻌﻮق‬ ‫اﻧﮭﺎ‬ ‫ﺣﯿﺚ‬ ‫اﻟﺰﯾﻮت‬ ‫و‬‫ﻻﻧﮭﺎ‬‫ﻣﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻟﺨﻼط‬ ‫اﻟﻤﺤﻮرﯾﺔ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻟﺒﺮﯾﻤﺔ‬ ‫ﺗﻠﺘﺼﻖ‬ ‫ﯾﻘﻠﻞ‬‫اﻟﺘﺮﻛﯿﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫اﻟﺨﻠﻂ‬ ‫ﺗﺠﺎﻧﺲ‬ ‫ﻣﻦ‬‫اﻟﻨﮭﺎﺋﯿﺔ‬.‫اﻟﺜﻤﻦ‬ ‫ﻏﺎﻟﻰ‬ :‫أﻧﮫ‬ ‫اﻟﻨﻮع‬ ‫ﻟﮭﺬا‬ ‫اﻟﻌﺎﻣﺔ‬ ‫اﻟﻤﻮاﺻﻔﺎت‬ ‫ﺑﻌﺾ‬ ‫ﺗﺤﺪﯾﺪ‬ ‫وﯾﻤﻜﻦ‬(‫)ﻧﺴﺒﯿﺎ‬– ‫ﻗﺼﯿﺮ‬ ‫ﺑﮫ‬ ‫اﻟﺨﻠﻂ‬ ‫زﻣﻦ‬)٣-٥(‫دﻗﺎﺋﻖ‬–‫ﻣ‬ ‫ﺧﻠﻂ‬ ‫ﯾﺆﻣﻦ‬ ‫أن‬ ‫ﯾﻤﻜﻦ‬‫ﺴﺘﻤﺮ‬‫ﻟﻠﻌﻠﻒ‬–‫اﻟﻄﺎﻗﺔ‬ ‫إﺳﺘﮭﻼك‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﻣﺮﺗﻔﻊ‬–‫ﯾﺤﺘﺎج‬‫ﻣﺴﺎﺣﺔ‬ ‫اﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﻛﺒﯿﺮة‬ ‫ﺗﺸﻐﯿﻞ‬–‫)ﻣﻦ‬ ‫اﻟﻨﻮع‬ ‫ھﺬا‬ ‫ﺳﻌﺔ‬ ‫ﺗﺘﺮاوح‬١‫اﻟﻰ‬٥٠(‫طﻦ‬–‫إﻧﺸﺎءات‬ ‫اﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﯾﺤﺘﺎج‬‫ﻣﻌﻘﺪة‬ ‫وﺻﯿﺎﻧﺔ‬.‫ﻧﺴﺒﯿﺎ‬ ‫اﻟﺮأﺳﻲ‬ ‫اﻟﺨﻼط‬Vertical Mixer ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﯾﺴﺘﺨﺪم‬‫ﻣﻜﻮﻧﺎت‬ ‫ﺧﻠﻂ‬‫اﻟﻌﻠﻒ‬‫اﻟﻜﺒﯿﺮة‬ ‫اﻟﻨﺴﺐ‬ ‫ذات‬‫أن‬ ‫ﺣﯿﺚ‬‫زﻣﻦ‬‫اﻟﺨﻠﻂ‬‫ﺑﮫ‬‫ﺣﻮاﻟﻲ‬٣٠‫دﻗﯿﻘ‬‫ﺔ‬‫ﻟﻜﻰ‬‫اﻟﺘﺮﻛﯿﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﺗﺼﻞ‬ ‫ﻟﮭﺎ‬ ‫اﻟﻤﺘﺠﺎﻧﺲ‬ ‫اﻟﻤﺴﺘﻮى‬ ‫اﻟﻰ‬.‫ﻧﺴﺒﯿﺎ‬ ‫اﻟﺜﻤﻦ‬ ‫رﺧﯿﺺ‬ :‫أﻧﮫ‬ ‫اﻟﻨﻮع‬ ‫ﻟﮭﺬا‬ ‫اﻟﻌﺎﻣﺔ‬ ‫اﻟﻤﻮاﺻﻔﺎت‬ ‫ﺑﻌﺾ‬ ‫ﺗﺤﺪﯾﺪ‬ ‫وﯾﻤﻜﻦ‬–‫ﺑﮫ‬ ‫اﻟﺨﻠﻂ‬ ‫زﻣﻦ‬ ) ‫طﻮﯾﻞ‬١٥–٣٠(‫دﻗﯿﻘﺔ‬–‫ﯾﺘﻨﺎﺳﺐ‬ ‫ﻻ‬‫اﻷﺣﯿﺎن‬ ‫ﻣﻌﻈﻢ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬‫اﻟﺴﻮاﺋﻞ‬ ‫ﺧﻠﻂ‬ ‫ﻣﻊ‬‫زﯾﻮت‬ ‫أو‬ ‫ﻣﻮﻻس‬ ‫ﻛﺎﻧﺖ‬ ‫ﺳﻮاء‬–‫اﻟﺨﻠﻂ‬ ‫ﯾﻨﺎﺳﺐ‬ ‫ﻻ‬ ‫اﻟﻤﺴﺘﻤﺮ‬–‫إﺳﺘﮭﻼك‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﻣﻨﺨﻔﺾ‬‫اﻟﻄﺎﻗﺔ‬–‫ﻧﺴﺒﯿﺎ‬ ‫ﺻﻐﯿﺮة‬ ‫ﺗﺸﻐﯿﻞ‬ ‫ﻣﺴﺎﺣﺔ‬ ‫اﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﯾﺤﺘﺎج‬–‫ﺳﻌﺔ‬ ‫ﺗﺘﺮاوح‬‫ﻟ‬ ‫اﻟﺨﻠﻂ‬‫)ﻣﻦ‬ ‫اﻟﻨﻮع‬ ‫ﮭﺬا‬ ٠٫٢٥‫اﻟﻰ‬٥(‫طﻦ‬–‫إﻧﺸﺎءاﺗﮫ‬‫ﺧﺎﻟﯿﺔ‬ ‫وﺻﯿﺎﻧﺘﮫ‬‫اﻟﺘﻌﻘﯿﺪ‬ ‫ﻣﻦ‬‫ﻧﺴﺒﯿﺎ‬. ‫اﻟﺘﺼﺒﯿﻊ‬Pelleting
  3. 3. ) ‫اﻟﺪواﺟﻦ‬ ‫أﻋﻼف‬ ‫ﺗﺼﻨﯿﻊ‬٤١١(-‫ج‬ ‫و‬ ‫د‬-‫اﻟﺮاﺑﻊ‬ ‫اﻟﻤﺴﺘﻮى‬/‫د‬ Page 3 of 3 ‫ﺗﺘﻢ‬‫ﻣﺎد‬ ‫ﺗﮭﯿﻰء‬ ‫اﻟﺘﻰ‬ ‫اﻟﻌﻤﻠﯿﺎت‬ ‫ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﺳﻠﺴﻠﺔ‬ ‫ﺗﻨﻔﯿﺬ‬ ‫طﺮﯾﻖ‬ ‫ﻋﻦ‬‫ة‬‫ﻣﺼﺒﻌﺎ‬ ‫إﻧﺘﺎج‬ ‫ﯾﻀﻤﻦ‬ ‫اﻟﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻷﺳﻠﻮب‬ ‫ﺗﺘﺸﻜﻞ‬ ‫ﻛﻰ‬ ‫اﻟﻌﻠﻒ‬‫ﻋﻠﯿﻘﺔ‬ ‫ﺑﮭﺎ‬ ‫ت‬ ‫وﻛﯿﻤﯿﺎﺋﯿﺎ‬ ‫طﺒﯿﯿﻌﯿﺎ‬ ‫ﻣﺘﺰﻧﺔ‬.‫اﻷﺣﯿﺎ‬ ‫ﻣﻌﻈﻢ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬‫ن‬‫اﻟﺒﺪاﯾﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫ﯾﺘﻢ‬‫اﻟﺴﺎﺧﻦ‬ ‫اﻟﻤﺎء‬ ‫ﺑﺨﺎر‬ ‫اﺳﺘﺨﺪام‬‫ﻣﺨﻠﻮ‬ ‫ﻟﺘﮭﯿﺌﺔ‬‫ط‬‫اﻟﻌﻠﻒ‬‫ﻣﺎ‬ ‫وﻏﺎﻟﺒﺎ‬‫ﯾﻀﺎف‬ ‫اﻟﻤﻮﻻس‬‫ﻟﻠﻤﺼﺒﻌﺎت‬ ‫راﺑﻄﺔ‬ ‫ﻣﺎدة‬ ‫أو‬‫ﻣ‬ ‫اﻟﻰ‬‫ﺨﻠﻮط‬‫ﺑ‬ ‫اﻟﻌﻤﻠﯿﺔ‬ ‫ھﺬه‬ ‫ﻗﺒﻞ‬ ‫اﻟﻌﻠﻒ‬‫ﻨ‬‫ﻋﻦ‬ ‫ﺗﺰﯾﺪ‬ ‫ﻻ‬ ‫ﺴﺒﺔ‬٥%‫اﻟﺠﺰﯾﺌﺎت‬ ‫رﺑﻂ‬ ‫ﺑﻐﺮض‬ ‫اﻟﺒﻌﺾ‬ ‫ﺑﺒﻌﻀﮭﺎ‬‫ﯾﻀﺎف‬ ‫وأﺣﯿﺎﻧﺎ‬‫ﺑ‬‫ﻌﺾ‬(‫)اﻟﺘﺼﺒﯿﻊ‬ ‫اﻟﺘﺸﻜﯿﻞ‬ ‫آﻟﺔ‬ ‫ﺗﺴﻤﻰ‬ ‫ﺧﺎﺻﺔ‬ ‫آﻻت‬ ‫ﺑﻮاﺳﻄﺔ‬ ‫ﺗﺘﻢ‬ ‫اﻟﺘﺸﻜﯿﻞ‬ ‫وﻋﻤﻠﯿﺔ‬ .‫اﻟﺪھﻮن‬ Pelletizer‫ﺗﻌﻤﻞ‬ ‫واﻟﺘﻲ‬‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬‫ﻟ‬ ‫اﻟﻌﻠﻒ‬ ‫ﻣﺨﻠﻮط‬ ‫ﺗﻌﺮﯾﺾ‬‫ﻀﻐﻂ‬‫ھﺬا‬ ‫ﯾﺪﻓﻊ‬ ‫ﻣﻤﺎ‬ ‫ھﺎﺋﻞ‬‫اﻟﻤﺨﻠﻮط‬‫اﻟﻤﺮور‬ ‫إاﻟﻰ‬‫ﺧﻼل‬‫اﻟ‬‫ﻔﺘﺤﺎت‬ ‫اﻟﻤﻮﺟﻮدة‬ ‫اﻟﻀﯿﻘﺔ‬‫ﺑﻘﺮص‬‫اﻟﺘﺸﻜﯿﻞ‬)Die( ‫اﻟﺬي‬‫اﻟﺼﻠﺐ‬ ‫ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﻣﺼﻨﻮع‬ ‫ﻏﺎﻟﺒﺎ‬ ‫ﯾﻜﻮن‬، ‫و‬‫ﻗﻄﺮ‬ ‫ﯾﺨﺘﻠﻒ‬‫ﻓﺘﺤﺎ‬‫اﻟﻘﺮص‬ ‫ھﺬا‬ ‫ت‬‫ﻟﻨﻮع‬ ‫ﺗﺒﻌﺎ‬ ‫اﻟﺤﯿﻮان‬‫ﺑﺎﻹﺿﺎﻓﺔ‬‫ﻓﺈ‬ ‫ذﻟﻚ‬ ‫اﻟﻰ‬‫ﻧﮫ‬‫أﯾﻀﺎ‬‫ﯾﻤﻜﻦ‬ ‫اﻟﻤﺼﺒﻌﺎت‬ ‫طﻮل‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫اﻟﺘﺤﻜﻢ‬‫اﻟﻨﺎﺗﺠﺔ‬‫ﻋﻦ‬ ‫طﺮﯾﻖ‬‫اﻟ‬‫ﺴﻜﯿﻦ‬‫اﻟ‬‫ﻜﺎﺷﻄﺔ‬‫اﻟﺘﻰ‬‫ﺿﺒﻄﮭﺎ‬ ‫ﯾﻤﻜﻦ‬ ‫اﻟﺘﺸﻜﯿﻞ‬ ‫ﻟﻮح‬ ‫واﺟﮭﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬‫ﻟﻠﻄﻮل‬ ‫ﺗﺒﻌﺎ‬ ‫اﻟﻤﺼﺒﻌﺎت‬ ‫إﻧﺘﺎج‬ ‫اﻟﻤﺮاد‬‫اﻟﻨﮭﺎﺋﯿﺔ‬‫ﻋﻠﯿﮫ‬. ‫اﻟﺘﺒﺮﯾﺪ‬Cooling ‫اﻟﻤﺼﺒﻌﺎت‬ ‫ﺗﺒﺮﯾﺪ‬ ‫ﺑﻐﺮض‬ ‫اﻟﻌﻤﻠﯿﺔ‬ ‫ھﺬه‬ ‫ﺗﺘﻢ‬‫ﻣﻤﻜﻦ‬ ‫وﻗﺖ‬ ‫أﺳﺮع‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬‫اﻟﺘﺼﺒﯿﻊ‬ ‫ﺑﻌﺪ‬‫ﻣﺒﺎﺷﺮة‬‫ﯾﻤﻨﻊ‬ ‫اﻟﻤﺼﺒﻌﺎت‬ ‫ﺗﺒﺮﯾﺪ‬ ‫أن‬ ‫ﺣﯿﺚ‬ . ‫ﺗﺸﻜﯿﻠﮭﺎ‬ ‫ﺑﻌﺪ‬ ‫ﺗﻔﻜﻜﮭﺎ‬‫اﻟﺘﺼﺒﯿﻊ‬ ‫أھﺪاف‬ ‫وﯾﺤﻘﻖ‬‫أن‬ ‫أﺳﺎس‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬‫اﻟﻤﺼﺒﻌﺎت‬‫ﺗﻜﻮن‬ ‫اﻟﺘﺼﺒﯿﻊ‬ ‫ﻋﻤﻠﯿﺔ‬ ‫ﺑﻌﺪ‬) ‫ﺳﺎﺧﻨﺔ‬٧٠-٨٠°(‫م‬، ‫و‬‫رطﻮﺑ‬‫ﺘﮭﺎ‬‫ﻣﺮﺗﻔﻌﺔ‬‫اﻟﻰ‬ ‫وھﺸﺔ‬‫وﺗﺘﻢ‬ .‫اﻟﮭﯿﺌﺔ‬ ‫ﺗﻠﻚ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻣﻌﮭﺎ‬ ‫اﻟﺘﻌﺎﻣﻞ‬ ‫ﺗﻢ‬ ‫إذا‬ ‫ﺗﻔﻜﻜﮭﺎ‬ ‫ﯾﺴﮭﻞ‬ ‫ﻣﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﻛﺒﯿﺮ‬ ‫ﺣﺪ‬‫ﺑﺈﺳﺘﺨﺪام‬ ‫اﻟﺘﺒﺮﯾﺪ‬ ‫ﻋﻤﻠﯿﺔ‬ ‫اﻟﻤﺒﺮدات‬Coolers‫وﻣﺤﺘﻮى‬ ‫ﺣﺮارﺗﮭﺎ‬ ‫ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﯾﻘﻠﻞ‬ ‫أﻧﮫ‬ ‫ﺑﺤﯿﺚ‬ ‫اﻟﻤﺼﺒﻌﺎت‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫اﻟﻤﺘﺠﺪد‬ ‫اﻟﺒﺎرد‬ ‫اﻟﮭﻮاء‬ ‫دﻓﻊ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺗﻌﻤﻞ‬ ‫اﻟﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﺑﮭﺎ‬ ‫اﻟﺮطﻮﺑﮫ‬‫ﻧﻔﺴﮫ‬ ‫اﻟﻮﻗﺖ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬‫ﻋﻤﻠﯿﺎت‬ ‫ﺑﻌﺪ‬ ‫وﺟﻮدھﺎ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﻏﻢ‬ ‫ﺟﺪا‬ ‫ھﺎﻣﺔ‬ ‫اﻟﺘﺒﺮﯾﺪ‬ ‫ﻋﻤﻠﯿﺔ‬ ‫وﺗﻌﺘﺒﺮ‬ .‫أﻛﺜﺮ‬ ‫أﺧﺮى‬‫ﻟﻠﺨﺒﺮة‬ ً‫ﺎ‬‫إﺣﺘﯿﺎﺟ‬ ‫اﻟﺘﺼﻨﯿﻌﯿﺔ‬،‫أن‬ ‫ﺣﯿﺚ‬‫أى‬‫ﺧﻠﻞ‬‫ﻋﻤﻠﯿﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬‫ﺑﮫ‬ ‫واﻟﺤﺮارة‬ ‫اﻟﺮطﻮﺑﺔ‬ ‫وإﺣﺘﺒﺎس‬ ‫ﺳﺎﺧﻦ‬ ‫وھﻮ‬ ‫اﻟﻌﻠﻒ‬ ‫ﺗﻜﺘﻞ‬ ‫ﯾﺴﺒﺐ‬ ‫ﻗﺪ‬ ‫اﻟﻌﻠﻒ‬ ‫ﺗﺒﺮﯾﺪ‬‫ﻗﺪ‬ ‫ﻣﻤﺎ‬ ‫اﻟﺘﺨﺰﯾﻦ‬ ‫أﺛﻨﺎء‬ ‫ﺗﻌﻔﻨﮫ‬ ‫ﯾﺴﺒﺐ‬‫اﻟﻤﺼﻨﻊ‬ ‫ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﺧﺮوﺟﮫ‬ ‫ﻗﺒﻞ‬،‫اﻷﺛﺮ‬ ‫ﯾﻠﻐﻰ‬ ‫ﻣﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻤﺼﺒﻌﺎت‬ ‫ﺗﻔﺘﺖ‬ ‫ﯾﺤﺪث‬ ‫ﻗﺪ‬ ‫أو‬‫اﻹﯾﺠﺎﺑﻲ‬.‫اﻟﺘﺼﺒﯿﻊ‬ ‫ﻟﻌﻤﻠﯿﺔ‬ ‫واﻟﻮزن‬ ‫اﻟﺘﻌﺒﺌﺔ‬Packing and Weighing ‫و‬‫ﻷ‬ ‫ﺗﺒﻌﺎ‬‫ﺳﻠﻮب‬‫ﻓﺈﻧ‬ ‫اﻟﻤﺼﻨﻊ‬ُ‫ﺗ‬ ‫ﻗﺪ‬ ‫ﮫ‬‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫اﻟﻌﻠﻒ‬ ‫ﺗﻌﺒﺌﺔ‬ ‫ﯾﺘﻢ‬ ‫ﻗﺪ‬ ‫أو‬ ‫أﺟﻮﻟﺔ‬ ‫ﺴﺘﺨﺪم‬‫ﺷﺎﺣﻨﺎت‬‫اﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﯾﻨﻘﻞ‬ ‫اﻟﻌﻠﻒ‬ ‫ﻛﺎن‬ ‫إذا‬ ‫وزن‬ ‫ﺑﺪون‬ ‫وزن‬ ‫وﻋﻤﻠﯿﺎت‬ .‫اﻟﻤﺰرﻋﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫اﻟﻮزن‬ ‫ﻧﻈﺎم‬ ‫ﺗﺘﺒﻊ‬ ‫واﻟﺘﻰ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻤﺼﻨﻊ‬ ‫ﺗﺎﺑﻌﺔ‬ ‫ﻣﺰرﻋﺔ‬‫ا‬‫اﻟﻤﻌﺒﺄة‬ ‫ﻷﺟﻮﻟﺔ‬‫ﻣﻮازﯾﻦ‬ ‫ﻓﯿﮭﺎ‬ ‫ﺗﺴﺘﺨﺪم‬‫ﺑﻤﺆﺷﺮ‬‫أو‬ .‫رﻗﻤﯿﺔ‬ ‫اﻟﺘﺨﺰﯾﻦ‬Storage ‫ﺗﺨﺰﯾﻦ‬ ‫ﻋﻨﺪ‬ ‫اﻟﻤﺘﺒﻌﺔ‬ ‫اﻷﺳﺎﻟﯿﺐ‬ ‫ﻧﻔﺲ‬ ‫إﺗﺒﺎع‬ ‫ﯾﺘﻢ‬‫اﻟﺨﺎﻣﺎت‬‫واﻟﻌ‬ .‫ﻟﻠﺘﺼﻨﯿﻊ‬ ‫إﺳﺘﻼﻣﮭﺎ‬ ‫ﺗﻢ‬ ‫اﻟﺘﻰ‬‫ﻟﺮﻋﺎﯾﺔ‬ ‫اﻟﻤﺘﺒﻌﺔ‬ ‫اﻷﺳﺎﺳﯿﺔ‬ ‫ﻮاﻣﻞ‬ ‫اﻟﺘﺮاﻛﯿﺐ‬ ‫ﺗﺪاﺧﻞ‬ ‫ﻋﺪم‬ ‫ﯾﺆﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﺑﺤﯿﺚ‬ ‫اﻟﻤﺨﺰن‬ ‫داﺧﻞ‬ ‫اﻷﺟﻮﻟﺔ‬ ‫ﺑﺘﺮﺗﯿﺐ‬ ‫وﻋﻼﻗﺘﮫ‬ ‫اﻟﺘﺴﻮﯾﻖ‬ ‫ﺗﺎرﯾﺦ‬ ‫ﺗﺸﻤﻞ‬ ‫اﻟﻤﻨﺘﺞ‬ ‫اﻟﻌﻠﻒ‬ ‫ﻣﻦ‬ ‫اﻟﻤﺨﺰون‬ ‫ﻣﻦ‬ ‫اﻟﻤﺨﺰون‬ ‫ﺗﺄﻣﯿﻦ‬ ‫وﻛﺬﻟﻚ‬ .‫اﻟﻌﻠﻒ‬ ‫ﻣﻦ‬ ‫اﻟﻤﺨﺘﻠﻔﺔ‬ ‫اﻟﻄﻠﺒﯿﺎت‬ ‫أو‬ ‫اﻟﻤﺨﺘﻠﻔﺔ‬‫ﻣﺨﺎطﺮ‬‫واﻟﺤ‬ ‫اﻟﺮطﻮﺑﺔ‬(‫اﻟﺼﯿﻒ‬ ‫ﻓﺼﻞ‬ ‫ﻓﻰ‬ ‫)ﺧﺎﺻﺔ‬ ‫ﺮارة‬ (‫اﻟﺸﺘﺎء‬ ‫)ﻓﻰ‬ ‫واﻷﻣﻄﺎر‬‫اﻟﻘﻮارض‬ ‫وﺗﻮاﺟﺪ‬‫وإﺣﺘﻤﺎل‬ ‫واﻟﺤﺸﺮات‬‫دواﻋﻰ‬ ‫ﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﺷﺎﺑﮫ‬ ‫ﻣﺎ‬ ‫أو‬ ‫ﺣﺮﯾﻖ‬ ‫إﻧﺪﻻع‬ ‫أو‬ ‫ﻣﺎء‬ ‫ﺗﺴﺮب‬ ‫وﺟﻮد‬ .‫أﻣﻨﯿﺔ‬
  • BrahemHarbaa

    Sep. 21, 2020
  • ssuser71c7c81

    Sep. 16, 2020
  • MohamedGh5

    Jun. 1, 2019

5 عمليات التصنيع في مصنع علف كامل

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