O ral exam sociolinguistics

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Pidgins & Creoles and Obstacles of Standardisation

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O ral exam sociolinguistics

  1. 1. Pidgins & Creoles and Obstacles of Standardisation Submitted by: -Abdelghani Elmitry - Ahmed Ouazzani Sidi Mohammed Ben Abdellah University Faculty of Letters Department of English & cultural studies stream Professor : M.Ouakrime .
  2. 2. - CONTENTS  Introduction  Definitions a- Pidgins b-Creoles  Pidginazation: theories & process a- Monogenetic theory b- Polygenetic theory  Creolization : development& standardisation  Obstacles  Conclusion
  3. 3. Introduction 1- Pidgin « a pidgin language is, by definition, one whose structure and lexicon have been drastically reduced, and which is a native to none of those who use it »1 « these (pidings) are varieties created for very practical and immediate purposes of communication between people who otherwise would have no common langauge whatsoever. »2 1 : Hall, R. A. Jr. (1976) « Pidgins and creoles as standard languages » in J. Pride & J. Holmes (eds) Sociolinguistics Middlesex : Penguin Books Ltd (p142) 2 : Hudson, R. A. (1980) Sociolinguistics Cambridge : Cambridge University Press (p61)
  4. 4. 2- Creole: “A creole is a pidgin language which has become the native language of a speech community”1 “A creole is often defined as a pidgin that has become the first language of a new generation of speakers”2 1- Hall, R. A. Jr. (1976) « Pidgins and creoles as standard languages » in J. Pride & J. Holmes (eds) Sociolinguistics Middlesex : Penguin Books Ltd (p142) 2-Wardhauph, R. (2002) An Introduction to Linguistics 4th Edition Oxford: Blackwell Publishers
  5. 5. Pidginazation theories & process Adapted from : Wardhaugh, R. (2002) An Introduction to Sociolinguistics 3ed chapter Theories: a- Monogenetic (first formulated by Hugo Schuchardt 19th century then popularized in the late 1950s and early 1960s by Taylor (1961) and Thompson (1961 b- Polygenetic Hall (1966) a- reduction b- simplificatin c- admixture
  6. 6. Creolization: development& standardisation Adapted from : Wardhaugh, R. (2002) An Introduction to Sociolinguistics 3ed chapter
  7. 7. Obstacles The problem of status The problem of development The problem of orthography: - The etymological approach - The phonemic approach
  8. 8.  CONCLUSION Recently linguists have realized that Pidgins and Creoles are not wrong versions of other languages but rather new languages. Their words were largely taken from an older language (similarly to many standard languages ) during a period of linguistic “crisis” to fill an urgent need for communication.
  9. 9. Abdelghani & Ahmed
  10. 10. Abdelghani & Ahmed

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