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Annual Report - Mr. Shankar Jaganathan


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Annual Report - Mr. Shankar Jaganathan

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Annual Report - Mr. Shankar Jaganathan

  1. 1. C O M F E S T A S S O C I A T I O N O F B U S I N E S S C O M M U N I C A T O R S O F I N D I A S T A T U T O R Y G O E S S T R A T E G I C A N A P P R O A C H T O S T A T U T O R Y C O M M U N I C A T I O N S Shankar Jaganathan F e b r u a r y 2 7 , 2 0 1 5
  2. 2. Reporting & Communication The Two Extremes
  3. 3. Evolution of Annual Reports A Journey in Progress A Gold i ers Gift ½ for 1, ½ for 1, ½ for 1 Self-interest wins Not once but many times Indian Response From I to We
  4. 4. A Gold miner’s Gift: The Birth of Annual Report 4 • Victorian Gold Rush – 500 gold mining companies formed between 1851-1864 – Companies Act 1864 repealed the Mining Companies Act of 1855 – New act required MoA, AoA and Register of Members to be filed – Miners requisitioned for simpler provisions of 1855 Act – In return for simple registration, Annual Information Sharing was accepted –1871: The Birth of Annual Report • Mandate for Companies – Victoria in 1896 AD – England in 1928 AD – USA in 1934 AD Compliance with the Letter of Law
  5. 5. Communication: The Four Quadrants Reduce social cost: Statutory Communications Mandated, Safeguard Others Increase Social Gain: Sharing negative news Voluntary, Safeguard others Reduce compliance cost L Board driving Mandated, Self-interest Increase personal gain: Marketing Communication Voluntary, Self-interest The Options
  6. 6. Minimum to Optimum: Share if Beneficial 6 Likely triggers • Strategic shift • Branding/ marketing shift • Perceived undervaluation Helping Others to Help You
  7. 7. The Rich Treasure: First Billion $ Company US Steel Corporation 1st Annual Report, 1902 • Formed by merger of 8 companies • Sales of $423 m and Profits $90 m • Comprehensive Reporting 1. Consolidated Financials (2001) 2. Cash flow statement (1995) 3. Quarterly Profits 4. Data on production (1973) 5. Inventory classified into RM, WIP and FG (1956) 6. Department wise # of employees 7. Orders on hand 7
  8. 8. Glossy Look & Graphic Design Attract & Educate New Investors 1955 Annual Report • Paul Rand a Graphic designer engaged • Produced a glossy magazine look and feel Annual Report ‘by using a photo that is non- representational, non- recognizable, and abstruse, a bit mysterious, I am able to convey what IBM really is.’ 8
  9. 9. Theme to Brand: Litton Industries, 1960s Global Thirst for Freedom Corporate Calling Card • Salesman used Annual Reports to build credibility • A small company that grew big through acquisitions • Distributed 220,000 Annual reports, shareholder base 140,000 • Annual reports in French, German and Italian 9 Business Defense Contractor Annual Report: A Marketing Tool
  10. 10. From I to We: The Trigger • Birth of IT sector & ESOP introduction • Interest alignment of Employee with investors • Focus on Shareholder Value Creation & Market Capitalization 10
  11. 11. Annual Report to Page 1 What Do They Have in Common? 11
  12. 12. Infosys Annual Reports: 1995-2000 Year Distinctive Feature 1995 World of Infosys through Stakeholders Eyes; US GAAP 1996 Pursuit of Excellence: HR Valuation 1997 CSR: Brand Valuation 1998 Infosys Software at Work: Report on Corporate Governance 1999 IT in next Millennium: Risk Management Report 2000 Infosys Technology at Work: Current Cost Accounting 12
  13. 13. From Paper to Bytes A Vacant Space to Capture • From 2011, shareholders choice to receive Annual reports • Can be viewed as cost saved, or • Use it to design better report to hold investor attention • E-reports need good selection and better design 1. Content Rich – Executive message, theme, key financial data, ratios, MDNA, Risk Management 2. Data Rich – Financials, Corporate Governance reports, Board of Directors report 13
  14. 14. A Few Insights Good Annual Reports need 1. Thought and efforts, must be planned – Consistency in communication: Berkshire Hathway 2. Is balanced, share both good and bad news – Tennis equivalent of Unforced Errors – ‘I was dead wrong’ on housing recovery 3. Is educational, share new thoughts and insights – Basis for share buyback: like shooting fish in a barrel – Price below 110% of book value and excess cash ≥ $20 billion 14
  15. 15. We can make Reports Communicate 15But Will We?