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Narratology: Barthes


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Narratology: Barthes

  1. 1. Narratology
  2. 2. Barthes <ul><li>Barthes’ theory identifies 5 codes or sets of rules, which we link together in the creation of stories. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Barthes’ 5 Codes <ul><li>Action Code </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Refers to the events that take place in the story </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Where, when and who </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Semantic Code </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Characters and characterisation </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Which Point of View events are told from – sometimes it can be told from multiple POVs </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Enigma Code </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>The setting up, development and resolution of a mystery </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Any ‘red herrings’ </li></ul></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Barthes’ 5 Codes <ul><li>Referential Code </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Mise en sc è ne </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Symbolic Code </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>The use of characters/events/objects to symbolise other things </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>E.g. a character symbolises bravery; an event symbolises moral issues; objects symbolise character </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Helps expand our understanding of characters </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>E.g. driving a certain car suggests a certain type of character </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>