…..generally begins at the age of 60People in this age group are called… …..Senior Citizens
According to the World Health Organization…. ….there are almost 700 million people over the age 60 living in the world today. …among those 13% are over 80 years old. …it is expected that by 2050 this number will be almost 2 billion and the number of elderly will be higher than the number of children
In the Philippines…. According to the National Statistics Office, the total number of Senior Citizens (60 years old and above) is 4,565,560 as of 2009 ….this number comprises 5.97% of the total Philippine population.
More Statistics… At this time elderly population is growing by 800,0000 a monthDid you know that…China has the most number of elderly in the world… …..about 88 million
What are the Elderly Like?Physicalvisual and hearing problemssmell and taste lossessusceptibility to illnesses Leading Cause of Death heart diseases pneumonia cancer
What are the Elderly Like?Cognitivedecline in mental processes – may experience memory lapses or disorientation. Spotlight on: ALZHEIMER’s Disease…is a progressive irreversible brain disorder that ischaracterized by gradual deterioration of memory,reasoning, language and physical functioning...WHO reports as of 2009 that almost 35 million elderlysuffers from this kind of disease.
What are the Elderly Like? Spotlight on: ALZHEIMER’s Disease … this disease has no cure and the cause is unknown, as such people do not know how to prevent it although some doctors reported that it could be alleviated with some form of diet and memory training games. Alzheimer’s is a sad disease – the elderly cannot remember the people and place in their lives. They need consistent care because they could walk away or get lost …
What are the Elderly Like?Socialbecause of their declining health and limitedmobility, most elderly have the tendency towithdraw from the society – spending most oftheir time looking back – reflecting on what theyhave made out of their lives. Social Theories of Aging Disengagement Theory Activity Theory Social breakdown Reconstruction Theory
What are the Elderly Like? Social Theories of Aging Disengagement Theory – as older adults slow down, they gradually withdraw from the society. Disengagement is a mutual activity in which the elderly not only disengaged in the society, but the society disengages from the older adult. The elderly develops greater self-preoccupation and decrease emotional ties with people and reduced interest in social activities. Such social withdrawal and increased self-absorption was thought to increase life satisfaction among them.
What are the Elderly Like? Social Theories of Aging Activity Theory– as opposed to the disengagement theory, this theory argues that the more active and involved the elderly are, the more likely that they are satisfied with their lives. It is therefore important to find substitute activities for them after their retirement.
What are the Elderly Like? Social Theories of Aging Social Breakdown -Reconstruction Theory This theory states that aging is promoted through negative psychological functioning brought about by the negative views of the society about elderly and inadequate provision of services for them. Social reconstruction can occur by changing the society’s view of the elderly and by providing adequate social services for them.
What are the Elderly Like? Society views elderly as Society develops label for the incompetent; obsolete elderly: useless; ineffective; helpless Society provides inadequate support services, and funds for the elderly. Elderly’s skills deteriorate Elderly labels self as incompetent
What are the Elderly Like? Society develops positive label for Society views elderly as the elderly: helpers; self-controlled; competent; important wise; competent Society provides support systems for the elderly: family support; housing; health services; economics; nutrition and social services. Elderly’s skills improve Elderly labels self as competent
Issues Facing the Elderly ABUSE•It can happen in the family•It can happen in nursing homes•It could be physical or psychological (like verbalabuse) – when they are named called or threatened,or taken advantage because of their memoryproblems.•One form is NEGLECT! When people who aresuppose to care for them ignore their needs andconcerns
Issues Facing the Elderly ABUSE “Having someone else look after aging parents is a tough decision to make, and is made even tougher by fact that one of four nursing homes has been blamed for the death or serious injury to a resident each year, according to government figures.”
Issues Facing the Elderly LONELINESS•Death of a husband or wife and many friends.••Children are busy with work and may not even come to visit them. Grandchildren are busy with school.•Physically weak elderly may feel that they areburden so they try to stay away even if people arearound.•Loneliness leads to depression – they feel alone andunproductive.
Issues Facing the Elderly POVERTY•They cannot earn anymore and they do not havemoney.•May receive retirement pension but may not also beenough because of their increasing medical needs.•As such many even try to continue working evenafter reaching the retirement age.
Issues Facing the Elderly HEALTH•diminished sensory and motor abilities•tendency to acquire various illnesses such as heartdisease, Alzheimers, cancer, etc.
Issues Facing the Elderly DISCRIMINATION•Job discrimination – employers prefer younger applicants because….inexperienced workers have cheaper salaries…employers believe that the elders could only stay inwork for a short time because of their decliningphysical condition….elderly are thought of as slower and less capable.
Issues Facing the Elderly DISCRIMINATION•Social discrimination – maybe excluded from familyor community services because they are seen asincapable.Medical Discrimination - Some doctors treat themwithout much care because they think they don’tdeserve such because they are already old.