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Genetically modified organism tested in the philippines


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a genetic update presentation for my genetic and science and technology course class

Published in: Technology
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Genetically modified organism tested in the philippines

  1. 1. Genetically Modifiedorganism tested in our country
  2. 2. Modern biotech help Filipinos in:1. Increasing crops yield2. Enjoying and Producing crops which are resistant to pest and diseases3. Enjoy rice which are tolerant to drought, excessive temperature, soil acidity, salinity and other abiotic stress.4. Has GM products which has improved nutritional quality, processing and storage and post harvest qualities.
  3. 3. List of GMO cropsbeing tested in the country
  4. 4. Biotech corn• Corn is one of the most important grain in the world.• Herbicide-tolerant corn-these corn varieties work in a similar manner toherbicide-tolerant soybean. It allows growers betterflexibility in using certain herbicide to control weedsthat can damage crops.-insect resistant cornThe modified corn contains a built-in insecticidalprotein from a naturally acquiring soil microorganism(Bt) that gives a corn plants season-long protectionfrom corn borers.
  5. 5. • The Bt protein has been used safely as an inorganic insect control agent for over 4o years. This means that most of the farmers need not to spray insecticides to protect corn from those insects which cause significant damage and yield loss in many areas• Bt corn also reduces toxin contamination arising from fungal attack on the damage grains.
  6. 6. Biotech Canola• Canola is a genetic variation of rapeseed and was developed by Canadian Plant breeders specifically for its nutritional qualities, particularly its low level of saturated fats.• Herbicide tolerant canola-herbicide-tolerant canola works similarly to othersuch crops.• High laurate canola• These canola varieties contain high level of laurate. Oil processed from this navel varieties is similar to coconut and palm oil.
  7. 7. • This new canola oils being sold to the food industry for use in chocolate candy coating, coffee whiteners, icings, frostings, and whipped toppings. Also in pharmaceutical- cosmetics industry.• Canola oil provides oleic acids(source)
  8. 8. Biotech potato• Insect resistant potato-this biotech potato works similarly with those insect-resistant corn. It contains a protein that provides theplant with well built-in protection from the Coloradopotato beetle, thus, this potato needs no additionalprotection for these pest, benefiting farmers,consumers and environment.Virus resistant potato- Several potato varieties have been modified to resist potato leafroll virus and potato virus Y.
  9. 9. • Just as people get inoculations to prevent varieties are protected through biotechnology through certain viruses. Further, virus resistance often results in reduced insecticides use, which is needed to control insect vectors that transmit viruses
  10. 10. Biotech cotton• Herbicide tolerant cotton-this cotton work similarly to such other crops,Insect resistant cotton-this modified cotton work similarly to insect-resistant tcorn. It contains a protein that provides the plant withseason-long protection from budworms and ballworms. The need for additional insecticideapplications for these pests is reduced or eliminated.
  11. 11. Biotech squash• Virus-resistant squash--a biotech yellow crookneck squash is now able toresist watermelon mosaic virus and zucchini yellowmosaic virus. These new varieties contain the coatprotein genes of both viruses. This biotech approachbypasses aphid control and therefore, it may reduceor eliminate the use of insecticide.
  12. 12. Biotech tomato• Delayed ripening tomato• -the delayed ripening tomato became the first genetically modified food crop to be produced in a developed country. These tomato varieties have extended shelf life. They contain a gene that slows the natural softening processes that accompanies ripening.• These tomatoes spend more days on the vine other than tomatoes thus resulting in a better flavor. Further, the longer shelf life has a commercial advantages in harvesting and shipping that can reduce the cost of production.
  13. 13. • Virus resistant papaya• This Hawaiian developed papaya contains a viral gene that encodes for the Biotech papaya coat protein of papaya ringspot virus. This protein provides the papaya provides the papaya plant with built in protection against PRSV. This biotech papaya works similarly to virus resistant papaya.