Measuring Development

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PPT for development lesson Year 11

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Measuring Development

  1. 1. Measuring Development <ul><li>Objectives: </li></ul><ul><li>To be able to define the term ‘development’ </li></ul><ul><li>To identify basic differences between LEDC’s and MEDC’s. </li></ul><ul><li>To identify ways in which development is measured. </li></ul>
  2. 2. What is meant by development? Almost means the same a ‘wealth’. Although wealth is an economic factor, variations in wealth affect quality of life, health, literacy and housing, which are examples of social conditions. Therefore development can be measured by both economic and social factors
  3. 4. Measuring development <ul><li>GNP (Gross National Product) per head is the most widely used indicator of a country’s level of development. It is the US dollar value of a country’s final output of goods and services in a year, divided by its population. </li></ul><ul><li>GNP is a more relaible indicator of wealth in MEDC’s than LEDCs for two reasons: </li></ul><ul><li>The statistics for working it out are more likely to be readily available and more accurate. </li></ul><ul><li>Only the values of products sold are included in its calculation. Food produced by farmers for subsistence purposes (to feed themselves and their families) does not have a recorded money value. In LEDCs, farming remains the main occupation, so it is likely that the GNP represents and undervaluation for poor countries. </li></ul>
  4. 5. Development word mat <ul><li>Key terms </li></ul><ul><li>GNP (Gross national product) </li></ul><ul><li>Developing </li></ul><ul><li>Developed </li></ul><ul><li>Standard of living </li></ul><ul><li>Indicators </li></ul><ul><li>Birth rate </li></ul><ul><li>Energy consumption </li></ul><ul><li>Number of people per doctor </li></ul><ul><li>Urban population </li></ul><ul><li>Life expectancy </li></ul><ul><li>Death rate </li></ul><ul><li>Infant mortality </li></ul><ul><li>Adult literacy rate </li></ul><ul><li>Population with access to safe water </li></ul><ul><li>Natural increase </li></ul><ul><li>Children in primary school </li></ul><ul><li>Food consumption </li></ul>Example of indicator Birth rate is : the number of births each year for every 1000 people.

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