Reviewing Essential Linguistics by David Freeman and Yvonne Freeman Presented Kathryn Jesser and Abigail Bloem
Overview -Why this Book is important according to Halliday and Freeman and Freeman -First and Second Language Acquisition -The technical aspects of linguistics and how to apply them in the classroom
Why This Book is Important to Teachers According to Halliday, cited in Freeman and Freeman, we all learn: -Through Language -About Language -Language Freeman and Freeman: “Teachers with linguistic knowledge can help their students learn language.” (xi)
What Does it Mean to “Know” a Word? -Phonological recognition -Morphological recognition -Syntactic understanding -Semantic understanding -P ragmatic understanding We have to know what these things are in order to teach them.
First Language Acquisition: History <ul><li>Skinner and Behavioris m: all learning is a process of stimulus and response
However, Lindfor Believed: </li><ul><li>Environments vary, and children learn at about the same time all around the world
Children never maker certain mistakes </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Chomsky's Grammars: How children acquire language: </li><ul><li>Universal Grammar: we're born with the qualities of all languages (the one we learn is the dominant one)
Generative Grammar:the rules of the dominant language that make up any given sentence. These must be learned. </li></ul></ul>
First Language Acquisition: Current Views <ul><li>Psychology: Children have a specific way of learning: babbling, first words , 2 word phrases, then rapid growth into fluency.
Sociology, Anthropology and Education: Do we let children make mistakes? </li><ul><li>Children who are corrected more often don’t use more error free language. Actually, “their language didn’t develop as well, and they did not succeed to the same degree academically as children whose parents focused on understanding and extending...meaning” (9) </li></ul></ul>
Second Language Acquisition: Two Ways to Learn in the Classroom <ul><li>Merriam Webster: </li><ul><li>To Learn: “to gain knowledge understanding or skill but study, instruction or experience”
To Acquire: “to come into possession or control of…to have as a new characteristic or trait” </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Learning Language: teachers will use correct form versus content (how it is said is better than understanding the meaning)
Acquiring Language: making meaning is more important than how it is said.
The Views of the teacher greatly affect how the student learns </li></ul>