Children never maker certain mistakes </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Chomsky's Grammars: How children acquire language: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Universal Grammar: we're born with the qualities of all languages (the one we learn is the dominant one) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Generative Grammar:the rules of the dominant language that make up any given sentence. These must be learned. </li></ul></ul>
First Language Acquisition: Current Views <ul><li>Psychology: Children have a specific way of learning: babbling, first words , 2 word phrases, then rapid growth into fluency.
Sociology, Anthropology and Education: Do we let children make mistakes? </li><ul><li>Children who are corrected more often don’t use more error free language. Actually, “their language didn’t develop as well, and they did not succeed to the same degree academically as children whose parents focused on understanding and extending...meaning” (9) </li></ul></ul>
Second Language Acquisition: Two Ways to Learn in the Classroom <ul><li>Merriam Webster: </li><ul><li>To Learn: “to gain knowledge understanding or skill but study, instruction or experience”
To Acquire: “to come into possession or control of…to have as a new characteristic or trait” </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Learning Language: teachers will use correct form versus content (how it is said is better than understanding the meaning)
Acquiring Language: making meaning is more important than how it is said.
The Views of the teacher greatly affect how the student learns </li></ul>
Phonics: A History <ul><li>Arguably the oldest reading technique: </li><ul><li>A to Z Phonics.com claims Martin Luther created phonics learning.
200 years without change: Phonics was for reading, not for comprehension </li></ul><li>19 th century educators changed phonics and made it work for both reading and comprehension
Whole Word Learning split educators around the 1920's
Today we have an approach that balances the best of both! </li></ul>
Phonology and Teaching <ul><li>Phonemic Awareness: words are made up of individual sounds which can be perceived and manipulated
The Five Levels: </li><ul><li>Hear rhymes and alliteration
Resources <ul><li>Freeman, David E and Yvonne S. Freeman. Essential Linguistics . Portsmouth, NH. Heinneman, 2004.
Merriam-Webster Online. Merriam-Webster Inc. 2009. < http://Merriam-webster.com >
Halliday, M. A. K. “Three Aspects of Children's Lanugage Developement: Learning Language, Learning Through Language and Learning About Language.” In Oral and Written Development Research: Impact on Schools. Urbana, IL: National Council of Teachers of English. </li></ul>Scharr, Bill. “The History of Phonics- The Oldest Argument in the World.” A to Z Phonics.com 30 May 2009 <http://www.atozphonics.com/historyofphonics.html>.