Explain the events that led to American Victory in the Revolution. Washington retreats through New York, New Jersey, and into Pennsylvania. Benedict Arnold loses battle at Lake Champlain, but slows down British forces. <ul><li>ü Hessians take Ft. Washington. </li></ul><ul><li>ü Cornwallis takes Ft. Lee from </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Nathaniel Greene. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>ü Many continental soldiers' </li></ul><ul><ul><li>enlistments end at the end of the </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>year. </li></ul></ul>Pressure mounting to take action...
learning goal Washington knows that he must attack the British at this time if his Continental Army is ever going to have a chance of winning the war. He leads his men on a daring mission to take Trenton, NJ, from the Hessians who occupy it.
learning goal Washington leads his men Christmas night to cross the Delaware River 9 miles from Trenton. "Stay close to your officers," he tells them. That brave the snow, ice, and sleet mixed with rain to ambush the Hessians. They kill 100 and capture 900 more.They retrace their path across the river and return to Trenton on the 29th to establish a defensive stronghold. Knowing that Cornwallis was closing in, he ordered the men to leave their campfires burning, and he left 500 men to use their picks in the icy ground to cover their retreat.By 2AM, Washington's troops were gone. When Cornwallis arrived a few hours later, the camp was empty, and Washington was taking Princeton.
learning goal Significance of Trenton and Princeton Morale boost Cornwallis abandoned most of New Jersey Some started to believe they could win the war
learning goal After wintering at Morristown, NJ, 1777 has mixed results. http://www.ushistory.org/declaration/revwar timeline.htm
learning goal Burgoyne's plan is to come down from Canada to Albany and join with other British forces to dominate the Hudson River, controlling trade, and cutting off New England from the other colonies Problems with the plan: <ul><li>ü Benedict Arnold slows him down by putting obstacles in his </li></ul><ul><ul><li>path. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>ü Howe has occupied Philadelphia, and he is not on his way to </li></ul><ul><ul><li>help. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>ü Supplies are getting low. </li></ul><ul><li>ü Gates has enough time to get the high ground at Bemis </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Heights. </li></ul></ul>
learning goal http://www.eduplace.com/kids /socsci/books/applications/im aps/maps/g5s_u4/index.html Saratoga becomes the turning point of the war as Burgoyne surrenders his troops to Gates. This battle convinces the French that the Continental Army can win the war, so they openly support and become allies with America.
learning goal While Howe and his men relax at Philadelphia for the winter, Washington and his men move to high ground about 18 miles away at Valley Forge, PA. <ul><li>Problems at Valley Forge: </li></ul><ul><li>ü Not enough bread and meat </li></ul><ul><li>ü Not enough proper </li></ul><ul><ul><li>clothing or blankets </li></ul></ul><ul><li>ü Not enough supplies </li></ul><ul><li>ü Typhus, Pneumonia, and </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Dysentery claimed about </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>2,000 lives </li></ul></ul><ul><li>ü Junior officers vying for </li></ul><ul><ul><li>power </li></ul></ul>
learning goal Baron Von Steuben drills the soldiers during the long stay. They come out more confident and ready to take on the British Army. Battle of will, rather than a military battle
learning goal Hessians attacked them Soldiers were nearing end of enlistment British already had control of NY and NJ They were able to use element of surprise Which of the following is NOT a reason that Washington attacked Trenton?
learning goal Greater morale for Continental Army French give full support Americans win the war British win the war What was a result of the battles of Trenton and Princeton?
learning goal They attacked the British at Trenton, then left. They attacked the British in their sleep. They made the British think they were still there They did not escape. How did Washington's forces escape to take Princeton?
learning goal France became an open ally Continentals began to think they could win. Burgoyne surrended many British troops. All of the above. Why was Saratoga the turning point?
learning goal Dysentery and other disease lack of proper clothing regular soldiers did not respect Washington cramped, crowded, and cold Which of the following was NOT a problem at Valley Forge?