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Section 4 france and the netherlands in north


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Guided reading to go along with Chapter 2 Section 4 of Prentice Hall American History Book 8th Grade

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Section 4 france and the netherlands in north

  1. 1. Section 4 France and the Netherlands in North America Questions to think about: Who were the explorers for France and The Netherlands, and where did they explore? What impact did the French and Dutch colonists have on Native Americans?
  2. 2. New France • The French began exploring here in the _________’s. Samuel ____________ arrived in 1603, and he established a settlement on the St. Lawrence River that he named _________. (This city is in present-day ______________.) • He continued to explore around Vermont and _______ ________, and one of the _________ _____________ is named for him.
  3. 3. Life in New France • Where the French explored and made lives for themselves in North America became known as _________ ____________. Contrasts between New Spain and New France Spanish French Profited from Native relations
  4. 4. Life in New France (continued) • French traders followed the example of ___________ in Quebec about trading fur pelts with the Indians. __________ is another large city in Canada that began that way. • Some men who worked for large fur companies went bravely into the wilderness among the Indians, traded with them, and made their families among them. They were called __________ ____________. • Almost a century after Frenchmen coming to America, there was a shift toward farming for these three reasons: • 1. _____________________________ • 2. _____________________________ • 3. _____________________________
  5. 5. Exploring the Mississippi River • Jacques Marquette was a __________ who set up ________________ around the Great Lakes in the present-day state of ________________. He went with a French Canadians trader named _______ _________ to _________ ________ in the current state of _________________. From there, they reached the ______________ River and followed it southward, looking for a ____________ Passage to get to the _________ Ocean. They turned back when they reached the ____________ River.
  6. 6. Exploring the Mississippi River (Continued) • In 1682, LaSalle followed Marquette and Joliet’s Route down the MS River to its mouth at the _________ _____ _________. He claimed the Mississippi River and the Mississippi River Valley for his French king named _________ _____, and he named this new area ________________ in his honor.
  7. 7. New Netherland • New Netherland started out a little farther south around present-day New York City. Henry ______________had explored the river and its valley that was named after him. (Remember-People of New Netherland are referred to as being ________.) The Dutch West ________Company set up a colony and called it New _____________. The first large group of 300 settlers started what is now called _____________, New York’s capital.
  8. 8. New Netherland (continued) • Two years later, ___________ ___________ purchased what is now known as Manhattan Island from the Indians, and started a settlement called ________ ____________________. (Remember, the old city by this name is in Europe, just as the “old” countries The Netherlands, France, and Spain are in Europe.)At first, New Netherland was there to stop the spread of the English Empire. They were at war back home in Europe. However, In 1664, the English were able to take over New Netherland. From then on, it became known as ______ _______, named after the _________ of ___________, King Charles II of England’s brother.
  9. 9. The Impact on Native Americans • Trade- Europeans received fur in exchange for manufactured ___________,iron _____ and ______, and ______. • Alliances- __________ w/ French versus ___________ w/Dutch. The natives fought each other, and with the help of Dutch guns, the ________ usually came out on top. • Diseases- Europeans brought diseases. • Land loss- Europeans began wanting more land as the fur bearing animals became more scarce.
  10. 10. Looking Back and Ahead • While France and The Netherlands were exploring and setting up New World colonies, so was _________________. • The Spanish had their first permanent settlement in what is now the United States at St. Augustine, FL, in 1565. England had Jamestown, Virginia in 1607. The Dutch had Albany, NY, in 1624. The French had Sault Ste. Marie in 1668 in present day Michigan.