Section 4 France and the Netherlands
in North America
Questions to think about:
Who were the explorers for France and The
Netherlands, and where did they explore?
What impact did the French and Dutch colonists
have on Native Americans?
• The French began exploring here in the
_________’s. Samuel ____________ arrived in
1603, and he established a settlement on the
St. Lawrence River that he named _________.
(This city is in present-day ______________.)
• He continued to explore around Vermont and
_______ ________, and one of the _________
_____________ is named for him.
Life in New France
• Where the French explored and made lives for
themselves in North America became known
as _________ ____________.
New Spain and New
Life in New France (continued)
• French traders followed the example of ___________ in
Quebec about trading fur pelts with the Indians.
__________ is another large city in Canada that began that
• Some men who worked for large fur companies went
bravely into the wilderness among the Indians, traded with
them, and made their families among them. They were
called __________ ____________.
• Almost a century after Frenchmen coming to America,
there was a shift toward farming for these three reasons:
• 1. _____________________________
• 2. _____________________________
• 3. _____________________________
Exploring the Mississippi River
• Jacques Marquette was a __________ who set up
________________ around the Great Lakes in the
present-day state of ________________. He went
with a French Canadians trader named _______
_________ to _________ ________ in the
current state of _________________. From
there, they reached the ______________ River
and followed it southward, looking for a
____________ Passage to get to the _________
Ocean. They turned back when they reached the
Exploring the Mississippi River
• In 1682, LaSalle followed Marquette and
Joliet’s Route down the MS River to its mouth
at the _________ _____ _________. He
claimed the Mississippi River and the
Mississippi River Valley for his French king
named _________ _____, and he named this
new area ________________ in his honor.
• New Netherland started out a little farther
south around present-day New York City.
Henry ______________had explored the river
and its valley that was named after him.
(Remember-People of New Netherland are
referred to as being ________.) The Dutch
West ________Company set up a colony and
called it New _____________. The first large
group of 300 settlers started what is now
called _____________, New York’s capital.
New Netherland (continued)
• Two years later, ___________ ___________ purchased
what is now known as Manhattan Island from the
Indians, and started a settlement called ________
____________________. (Remember, the old city by
this name is in Europe, just as the “old” countries The
Netherlands, France, and Spain are in Europe.)At
first, New Netherland was there to stop the spread of
the English Empire. They were at war back home in
Europe. However, In 1664, the English were able to
take over New Netherland. From then on, it became
known as ______ _______, named after the
_________ of ___________, King Charles II of
The Impact on Native Americans
• Trade- Europeans received fur in exchange for
manufactured ___________,iron _____ and
______, and ______.
• Alliances- __________ w/ French versus
___________ w/Dutch. The natives fought each
other, and with the help of Dutch guns, the
________ usually came out on top.
• Diseases- Europeans brought diseases.
• Land loss- Europeans began wanting more land
as the fur bearing animals became more scarce.
Looking Back and Ahead
• While France and The Netherlands were
exploring and setting up New World colonies,
so was _________________.
• The Spanish had their first permanent
settlement in what is now the United States at
St. Augustine, FL, in 1565. England had
Jamestown, Virginia in 1607. The Dutch had
Albany, NY, in 1624. The French had Sault Ste.
Marie in 1668 in present day Michigan.