Middle Ages<br />Turn to page 394<br />Make sure you are reading the chapter!<br />
What were the Middle Ages?<br />Between 500 and 1500 A.D.<br />As a result of the fall of the Roman Empire and invading gr...
Charlemagne<br />Around 800 AD, a Frank named Charlemagne united most of Western Europe<br />The Pope declared him Emperor...
Vikings<br />From Norway, Sweden, and Denmark<br />Seafaring People<br />Pillaged and plundered through Europe from 800 to...
Feudalism Emerges as a Government System<br />King<br />Barons, Nobles, <br />Lords, Princes<br />Protection<br />Vassals<...
The Manor System of Economy<br />Peasants or serfs<br />SELF-SUFFICIENT!!!<br />King<br /><ul><li>Kings give land (fiefs) ...
Lords are vassals to the king,</li></ul>expected to collect taxes and goods from it for the king<br /><ul><li>Lords are pr...
Pay taxes and food to the Lord of the Manor
Work to pay way out or escape after a year and a day</li></li></ul><li>Section 2<br />The Church and Rise of Cities<br />
Most people in Western Europe in the Middle Ages were Roman Catholic. <br />
Religious and Economic Power<br />People were constrained by the idea of punishment-hell, and reward-heaven.<br />Clergy (...
Church Political Power<br />People who were excommunicated were left out of everything.<br />Church officials advised king...
Church organization<br />Pope<br />Parish Priests<br />Archbishops<br />Bishops<br />
Everyday<br />Priests were in every community<br />They performed various religious rites and took confessions from parish...
Monasteries and Convents<br />Monasteries – Monks –developed better ways to farm; copied religious writings<br />Convents-...
Scholasticism<br />Used reasoning to explain things that had always been explained by faith alone.<br />
Trade and Towns<br />People were beginning to feel safer. They opened up the ancient trade routes. European merchants boug...
Towns developed where local goods were traded<br /><ul><li>Small markets that grew into larger trade fairs
Along rivers and highways
Near monasteries and fortified places</li></li></ul><li>Towns and Cities<br />By 1300, there were some large cities.<br />...
Middle Class Develops<br />Merchants<br />Traders<br />Craft workers<br />Guilds of certain occupations began to:<br />Set...
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Middle Ages

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Chapter 14 Sections 1 and 2

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Middle Ages

  1. 1. Middle Ages<br />Turn to page 394<br />Make sure you are reading the chapter!<br />
  2. 2. What were the Middle Ages?<br />Between 500 and 1500 A.D.<br />As a result of the fall of the Roman Empire and invading groups, Europe fragmented into smaller groups with different languages.<br />
  3. 3. Charlemagne<br />Around 800 AD, a Frank named Charlemagne united most of Western Europe<br />The Pope declared him Emperor.<br />His accomplishments:<br />Reuniting Western Europe<br />Education<br />Economy<br />Christianization<br />
  4. 4. Vikings<br />From Norway, Sweden, and Denmark<br />Seafaring People<br />Pillaged and plundered through Europe from 800 to about 1100 AD<br />On a positive note, they reopened trade routes.<br />
  5. 5. Feudalism Emerges as a Government System<br />King<br />Barons, Nobles, <br />Lords, Princes<br />Protection<br />Vassals<br />knights<br />Peasants<br /> or serfs<br />
  6. 6. The Manor System of Economy<br />Peasants or serfs<br />SELF-SUFFICIENT!!!<br />King<br /><ul><li>Kings give land (fiefs) to Lords
  7. 7. Lords are vassals to the king,</li></ul>expected to collect taxes and goods from it for the king<br /><ul><li>Lords are protectors and judges for the manor</li></ul>Barons, Nobles, <br />Lords, Princes<br /><ul><li>Vassals work the land, raise livestock
  8. 8. Pay taxes and food to the Lord of the Manor
  9. 9. Work to pay way out or escape after a year and a day</li></li></ul><li>Section 2<br />The Church and Rise of Cities<br />
  10. 10. Most people in Western Europe in the Middle Ages were Roman Catholic. <br />
  11. 11. Religious and Economic Power<br />People were constrained by the idea of punishment-hell, and reward-heaven.<br />Clergy (church leaders) collected taxes and fiefs from Lords for performing various religious services-baptisms, weddings, church services, etc.<br />
  12. 12. Church Political Power<br />People who were excommunicated were left out of everything.<br />Church officials advised kings and lords.<br />
  13. 13. Church organization<br />Pope<br />Parish Priests<br />Archbishops<br />Bishops<br />
  14. 14. Everyday<br />Priests were in every community<br />They performed various religious rites and took confessions from parishoners.<br />
  15. 15. Monasteries and Convents<br />Monasteries – Monks –developed better ways to farm; copied religious writings<br />Convents- Nuns helped with education and health<br />
  16. 16. Scholasticism<br />Used reasoning to explain things that had always been explained by faith alone.<br />
  17. 17. Trade and Towns<br />People were beginning to feel safer. They opened up the ancient trade routes. European merchants bought and sold goods from afar.<br />Towns began as manors became overcrowded; lords allowed serfs to buy freedom and move to towns.<br />
  18. 18. Towns developed where local goods were traded<br /><ul><li>Small markets that grew into larger trade fairs
  19. 19. Along rivers and highways
  20. 20. Near monasteries and fortified places</li></li></ul><li>Towns and Cities<br />By 1300, there were some large cities.<br />Paris had 300,000 people! (largest in world at that time)<br />
  21. 21. Middle Class Develops<br />Merchants<br />Traders<br />Craft workers<br />Guilds of certain occupations began to:<br />Set quality standards<br />Set price controls<br />Pay dues to support those of their number in need<br />
  22. 22. Steps to Becoming a Guild Member<br />Ages 8-14: Be an apprentice. Live with someone who can teach you the trade, but you are not paid a salary. You are there to learn.<br />After apprenticeship: Become a journeyman. You are paid for your work, and eventually you create a reputation for yourself that makes you worthy of acceptance into the guild.<br />
  23. 23. Overcrowding in Cities<br />Extremely unsanitary conditions led to lots of disease, such as the Black Death, that ravaged Europe from 1347 to 1351.<br />It was transmitted by fleas on rats.<br />
  24. 24. Medieval Culture<br />Large cathedrals built in gothic style<br />Stained glass artwork<br />Cathedral schools<br />Chivalry- the code of good conduct for knights<br />Troubadors- traveling entertainers who parlayed stories of great knights winning over beautiful ladies into music <br />

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