2/29/12 HW: Make sure you arereading Chapters 12 and 13One cartoon shows Andrew Jacksonhanging JQ Adams, and the othershows him acting like a king andstomping on the Constitution. Arethese cartoons legal? Why or whynot?
• http://americanhistory.si.edu/presidency/4b1. html
Is this political cartoon legal? Why or why not?
Chapter 12and Chapter 13 6 7The Next Six Presidents:1. George Washington 82. John Adams3. Thomas Jefferson4. James Madison5. James Monroe 116. John Quincy Adams7. Andrew Jackson 98. Martin Van Buren9. William Henry 10 Harrison10.John Tyler11.James K. Polk
John Quincy Adams• 1825-1829• Son of John Adams• National Republican• Known for “Corrupt Bargain” of 1824• Favored Federal involvement in economy, arts and sciences, internal improvements
The Corrupt Bargain4 ran for President asRepublicans in 1824:J. Q. Adams, AndrewJackson, Henry Clay, &William CrawfordJackson got thepopular vote, but noone got the majorityEC vote.
• Clay urged the House to vote for Adams; Clay became Secretary of State.
Andrew Jackson 1829-1837 • Democrat- • “Old Hickory” • Born in a log cabin-man of the people • 1st Westerner in White House • Hero of Battle of New Orleans (War of 1812)
Jackson• Opponents called him “King Andrew.” Dems’ Donkey 1st used w/him because of his stubbornness.• Spoils System-rewards for supporters• “Kitchen Cabinet”-unofficial advisors• “War” w/ Nicholas Biddle over Bank of the U.S.• Siding w/ Webster instead of VP Calhoun over Tariff of Abominations and Nullification Act.• Indian Removal Act, Trail of Tears, & Seminole Wars• Westward movement- Battle of Alamo in 1836• MS Capital named for him
Martin Van Buren 1837-1841 • Democrat, Jackson’s 2nd VP • Inherited economic problems leading to Panic of 1837: – No more Bank of U.S. – States printing lots of $$$. – Public lands for sale went fast. – Jackson had tried to slow down land speculation by making them pay in gold or silver.
– When investors tried to cash out paper $ for gold or silver, banks didn’t have it-They closed!– Depression hit.– Van Buren used laissez faire approach-unpopular!
William Henry• Whig-New name for National Republicans like Harrison JQA. Wanted Federal 1841 involvement.• Campaign: Tippecanoe and Tyler, Too! Slogan; portrayed as man of people, but actually wealthy; much mudslinging
• Gave 100 minute inaugural address in cold and snow w/out hat or coat, caught pneumonia, and died a month later.• 1st President to die in office.
John Tyler1841-1845 • Whig, but did not support Whig policies • Vetoed Bank charter • Never elected Pres.
James K. Polk 1845-1849 • Democrat • Expansionist- 54°40’ or Fight! Get OR from Britain. • Opposed by H. Clay, who did not want to annex TX. • Time of Manifest Destiny • Mexican War, Mexican Cession, Gadsden purchase