Fightingfor Libertyon ManyFronts Chapter 6.4 and 6.5
Famous women who served• Mary Ludwig Hayes- a “Molly Pitcher”• Betsy Ross- sewed flags for Washington’s army• Margaret Corbin-1st wounded• Deborah Sampson-A.K.A. Robert Shurtleff
Fight for Fight for British Patriots • Offered • All men freedom equal?Choices for African- • Might be Only free hanged African-Americans Americans by Patriots allowed to enlist • Might be captured & sold by British
Famous African-Americans who served• Prince Estabrook- wounded at Lexington and Concord• Peter Salem and Salem Poor- fought at Bunker Hill• Saul Matthews and James Armistead-spies
• Massachusetts, NH, and Pennsylvania make slavery illegal
British get Native help in the West & North • Cherokees, Choctaws, Chickasaws, Creeks, Mohawks, and Iroquois attack settlements.
The Western Frontier and the War• George Rogers Clark was successful in the Ohio River Valley.• New Spain’s Governor Galvez helped Americans along the Gulf Coast and the MS River.
At Sea His ship Bonhomme Richard named for Ben Franklin’s Poor Richard’s AlmanacJohn PaulJones takesthe BritishSerapis in anaval battle: “I have not yet begun to fight.”
British Commander Clinton moves battles to the South to get Loyalist support.• http:// www.discoversouthcarolina.com/plan-your-trip/interactive.htm
Charleston, SC surrenders to the British 1780• British Mistakes:1. General Cornwallis forces colonists to give allegiance to England. They must choose sides .2. Colonel Tarleton refuses to “give quarter” to Buford’s VA Infantry. Wounded bayoneted, and those who surrendered are stabbed with sabers. – Atrocities make Patriots more determined, and sway some on the fence to side w/ Patriots. – Retaliation continues on both sides.
Losing hope in December of 1778• British also get control of Camden, SC, and Savannah, GA. 1780
Nathaniel Greene replaces Gates incommand of the Southern forces • He had been quartermaster at Valley Forge. He won a major battle at Guilford Courthouse in NC, which removed the British from NC.