Chapter 6.4. And 6.5 Ppt

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Notes about Chapter 6.4 and 6.5

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Chapter 6.4. And 6.5 Ppt

  1. 1. Monday, November 7, 2011 <ul><li>Bell Question: Looking at the timeline on the board, which event shows King George III’s response to colonial appeals? </li></ul><ul><li>After your test: Create a timeline of these events*: </li></ul><ul><li>British come to NY </li></ul><ul><li>Declaration of Independence, </li></ul><ul><li>Battle of Long Island </li></ul><ul><li>Washington crosses Delaware </li></ul><ul><li>Battle of Trenton </li></ul><ul><li>Howe’s march on Philadelphia </li></ul><ul><li>Burgoyne surrenders at Saratoga </li></ul><ul><li>France signs treaty w/ America </li></ul><ul><li>Winter at Valley Forge </li></ul>*You will need to make your timeline show all the months.
  2. 2. Fighting for Liberty on Many Fronts Chapter 6.4
  3. 3. Famous women who served <ul><li>Mary Ludwig Hayes-”Molly Pitcher” </li></ul><ul><li>Betsy Ross- sewed flags for Washington’s army </li></ul><ul><li>Margaret Corbin-1 st wounded </li></ul><ul><li>Deborah Sampson-A.K.A. Robert Shurtleff </li></ul>
  4. 4. Choices for African-Americans <ul><li>Fight for British </li></ul><ul><li>Offered freedom </li></ul><ul><li>Might be hanged by Patriots </li></ul><ul><li>Fight for Patriots </li></ul><ul><li>All men equal? Only free African-Americans allowed to enlist </li></ul><ul><li>Might be captured & sold by British </li></ul>
  5. 5. Famous African-Americans who served Continental Army <ul><li>Prince Estabrook- wounded at Lexington and Concord </li></ul><ul><li>Peter Salem and Salem Poor- fought at Bunker Hill </li></ul><ul><li>Saul Matthews and James Armistead-spies </li></ul>
  6. 6. Taking “all men are created equal” to the next level… <ul><li>Massachusetts, NH, and Pennsylvania made slavery illegal </li></ul>
  7. 7. British get Native help in the West & North <ul><li>Believing working with the British will stop Colonial takeover, the Cherokees, Choctaws, Chickasaws, Creeks, Mohawks, and Iroquois attack settlements. </li></ul>
  8. 8. The Western Frontier and the War <ul><li>George Rogers Clark was successful in the Ohio River Valley. </li></ul><ul><li>New Spain’s Governor Galvez helped Americans along the Gulf Coast and the MS River. </li></ul>
  9. 9. At Sea <ul><li>John Paul Jones took the British Serapis in a naval battle: </li></ul>“ I have not yet begun to fight.” His ship Bonhomme Richard named for Ben Franklin because of Poor Richard’s Almanac
  10. 10. Chapter 6 Section 5 Winning the War in the South
  11. 11. British Commander Clinton moved battles to the South to get Loyalist support.
  12. 12. Charleston, SC surrendered to the British 1780 <ul><li>British Mistakes: </li></ul><ul><li>General Cornwallis forced colonists to give allegiance to England. They had to choose sides . </li></ul><ul><li>Colonel Tarleton refused to “give quarter” to Buford’s VA Infantry. Wounded were bayoneted, and those who surrendered were stabbed with sabers. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Atrocities made Patriots more determined, and swayed some on the fence to side w/ Patriots. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Retaliation continued on both sides. </li></ul></ul>
  13. 13. Losing hope in December of 1778 <ul><li>British also got control of Camden, SC, and Savannah, GA. 1780 </li></ul>
  14. 14. Nathaniel Greene replaced Gates in command of the Southern forces <ul><li>He had been quartermaster at Valley Forge. He won a major battle at Guilford Courthouse in NC, which removed the British from NC. </li></ul>

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