Chapter 6.4

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Fighting for Liberty on Many Fronts

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Chapter 6.4

  1. 1. Thursday, November 12, 2009 <ul><li>Homework: Progress Reports signed, permission to watch The Patriot, Timeline.-Start Jan. 1775 and end March 1778. Have all months. Events are British come to NY, Declaration of Independence, Battle of Long Island, Washington crosses Delaware, Battle of Trenton, Howe’s march on Philadelphia, Burgoyne surrenders at Saratoga, France signs treaty w/ America, winter at Valley Forge </li></ul>In your planner put timeline, but make sure you write these events in your binder.
  2. 2. Fighting for Liberty on Many Fronts Chapter 6.4
  3. 3. Famous women who served <ul><li>Mary Ludwig Hayes-”Molly Pitcher” </li></ul><ul><li>Betsy Ross- sewed flags for Washington’s army </li></ul><ul><li>Margaret Corbin-1 st wounded </li></ul><ul><li>Deborah Sampson-A.K.A. Robert Shurtleff </li></ul>
  4. 4. Choices for African-Americans <ul><li>Fight for British </li></ul><ul><li>Offered freedom </li></ul><ul><li>Might be hanged by Patriots </li></ul><ul><li>Fight for Patriots </li></ul><ul><li>All men equal? Only free African-Americans allowed to enlist </li></ul><ul><li>Might be captured & sold by British </li></ul>
  5. 5. Famous African-Americans who served <ul><li>Prince Estabrook- wounded at Lexington and Concord </li></ul><ul><li>Peter Salem and Salem Poor- fought at Bunker Hill </li></ul><ul><li>Saul Matthews and James Armistead-spies </li></ul>
  6. 6. <ul><li>Massachusetts, NH, and Pennsylvania make slavery illegal </li></ul>
  7. 7. British get Native help in the West & North <ul><li>Cherokees, Choctaws, Chickasaws, Creeks, Mohawks, and Iroquois attack settlements. </li></ul>
  8. 8. The Western Frontier and the War <ul><li>George Rogers Clark was successful in the Ohio River Valley. </li></ul><ul><li>New Spain’s Governor Galvez helped Americans along the Gulf Coast and the MS River. </li></ul>
  9. 9. At Sea <ul><li>John Paul Jones takes the British Serapis in a naval battle: </li></ul>“ I have not yet begun to fight.” His ship Bonhomme Richard named for Ben Franklin because of Poor Richard’s Almanac
  10. 10. Chapter 6 Section 5 Winning the War in the South
  11. 11. British Commander Clinton moves battles to the South to get Loyalist support. <ul><li>http:// www.discoversouthcarolina.com/plan-your-trip/interactive.htm </li></ul>
  12. 12. Charleston, SC surrenders to the British 1780 <ul><li>British Mistakes: </li></ul><ul><li>General Cornwallis forces colonists to give allegiance to England. They must choose sides . </li></ul><ul><li>Colonel Tarleton refuses to “give quarter” to Buford’s VA Infantry. Wounded bayoneted, and those who surrendered are stabbed with sabers. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Atrocities make Patriots more determined, and sway some on the fence to side w/ Patriots. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Retaliation continues on both sides. </li></ul></ul>
  13. 14. Losing hope in December of 1778 <ul><li>British also get control of Camden, SC, and Savannah, GA. 1780 </li></ul>
  14. 15. Nathaniel Greene replaces Gates in command of the Southern forces <ul><li>He had been quartermaster at Valley Forge. He won a major battle at Guilford Courthouse in NC, which removed the British from NC. </li></ul>

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