Chapter 3.2

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Prentice Hall History of Our Nation Chapter 3 Section 2

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Chapter 3.2

  1. 1. Chapter 3 Section 2 New England Colonies
  2. 2. Geography of New England • Maine-not a separate colony (known at that time as part of Massachusetts) • Vermont-not a separate colony (claimed by NH and NY) • Massachusetts • New Hampshire • Rhode Island • Connecticut
  3. 3. Advantages • Long cold winters and short summers led to fewer diseases. • Great fishing areas off the shores of New England. • Rocky, thin soil is not very good for farming. Disadvantage
  4. 4. Puritans in Massachusetts Bay • Wanted to reform the Church of England • Were influential until King Charles I opposed them and persecuted them • Led by John Winthrop • Came to America in 1630
  5. 5. Puritans in Massachusetts Bay • Largest town was Boston • Puritan men elected a General Court and Governor • NOT tolerant of non- Puritan ideas Historical interpretation of man in stocks http://pioneervillagesalem.blogspot.com/2011/10/word-about-puritan-crime- and-punishment.html
  6. 6. New Colonies • Roger Williams wanted to completely separate from the Church of England. He was forced to leave Salem, Massachusetts. • In 1636, he founded Rhode Island with land he bought from the Indians. RI became a safe place for other persecuted groups; it had separation of church and state.
  7. 7. Anne Hutchinson’s Dissent • Expelled from Massachusetts: – Taught men – Taught that God spoke to her directly – Said she could interpret scriptures
  8. 8. Settling Connecticut • Thomas Hooker led about 100 settlers from Massachusetts. Fundamental Orders of Connecticut was a document that gave them an elected legislature and governor. Public Domain / http://ushistoryimages.com
  9. 9. Growth and Change • Town meetings – Assembly to decide local issues – Only male heads of households – Encouraged growth of democratic ideas
  10. 10. New England Economy
  11. 11. King Philip’s War • Metacom, Chief of the Wampanoag Indians, led fighting against New England settlers. • He was captured and killed after a year of the raiding. King Philip was the name the English gave to Metacom.
  12. 12. Puritan Influence Declines • By the 1670’s, cities were growing, and merchants were becoming successful. A new generation was in place that was not so religiously strict.

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